185th Regiment (Regional Training Institute)

The 185th Regiment (Regional Training Institute) (RTI), formerly the Iowa Military Academy, is a National Guard State School established in June 1957. It is one of 54 such schools in the United States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and Guam. The 185th Regiment (RTI) is located at Camp Dodge, Iowa, and conducts its weekend assemblies, special schools and annual training at this State owned facility. Activities include Officer Candidate School, Noncommissioned Officer Education System Courses, Military Occupational Specialty Courses, and other specialty courses. Constant emphasis is placed on the development of leadership for all students through classroom instruction, field exercises and evaluations in leadership roles.

Led by Indiana, the various states began to organize their own state-run officer candidate programs after World War II. Patterned on the Regular Army's ninety-day curriculum at Fort Benning, Georgia, most of these state programs combined two annual training periods with a year of multiple drills. The Iowa Military Academy, organized in 1957, was given the responsibility of supervising the state's officer candidate program. The 250-hour program of instruction was designed to be completed in three phases over a thirteen month period. The first class graduated on July 19, 1958.

The 185th Regiment trains soldiers in a school environment. Located at Camp Dodge, Iowa, through NCOES and OCS programs to improve the quality of soldiers in the Iowa Army National Guard.

The purpose of Noncommissioned Officer Education System is to develop, within the potential Noncommissioned Officer, the ability to recognize the responsibilities, the willingness to assume responsibilities, the ability to apply his/her technical knowledge, the high personal and professional standards that must be maintained in the Noncommissioned Officer Corps. Enrollment is open to members of the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve.

The Basic Non-Commissioned Officers Course is designed to prepare Sergeants for duty as Staff Sergeants. It is conducted in 2 phases. Phase I is a 6 month weekend phase covering common core subjects. Phase II is an MOS specific course conducted at various locations. The Basic Noncommissioned Officer Course represents the second level of Army Noncommissioned Officer professional military education. The course consists of two phases: Phase I, a 85 hour, task based, performance oriented course in instruction designed to provide training on the most critical tasks for the reserve component Staff Sergeant; (it may be in an IDT or ADT status) and Phase II, Military Occupational Specialty specific training for Skill level 3 soldiers. The course is intended to prepare Sergeants (E-5) in Staff Sergeants positions for duties as Skill level 3 Noncommissioned Officers and is required for promotion to E-6. By 1999, 22 classes had graduated 1,460. Military Occupational Specialty field 11B, 168 soldiers have been awarded diplomas.

The Advanced Non-Commissioned Officers Course is designed to prepare Staff Sergeants for duty as Sergeants First Class and Platoon Sergeants. It is conducted in 2 phases. Phase I is a 6 month weekend phase covering common core subjects. Phase II is an MOS specific course conducted at various locations. The Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course replaced the Senior Noncommissioned Officer Course. The course consists of two phases: Phase I, a 14 day resident course, or 6 month IDT course designed to enhance leadership, communications, management and professional skills of a Sergeant First Class (E-7); and Phase II, Military Occupational Specialty specific training for the level 4 soldier. Successful completion of Phase I will be required for promotion to E-7. By 1999, 2,027 soldiers had been awarded diplomas for the Senior Noncommissioned Officer Course and Advanced Course.

The Officer Candidate School is fully accredited by the Infantry School at Fort Benning Georgia. It is an 18 month program where qualified individuals are tried and tested until graduation. They receive their commission as Second Lieutants in the US Army and the Iowa National Guard. Application is open to all individuals in the Army National Guard and the United States Army Reserve. Phase I: Consists of course orientation and academics conducted during two weeks of annual training at Salina, Kansas. Instruction consists of Leadership, Drill and Command, Land Navigation, Squad tactics, and Training Management. Phase II: Instruction is conducted during the Inactive Duty phase consisting of Communications, Combined Arms, Effective Writing and Speaking, Methods of Instruction, Personnel and Logistics, Unit Material Readiness, Branch Training and Infantry Tactics. This training is conducted at Camp Dodge, Iowa. Phase III: Is the second two-week annual training period conducted at Fort Lewis, Washington. Training is received in Operations/Tactics, Common Subjects and Leadership Practices. Upon completion of this phase, soldiers will be commissioned as Second Lieutenants in the Iowa Army National Guard or Army Reserve.

The Combat Arms Company provides accredited instruction in various Combat Arms and Combat Support MOS's. Most Programs of Instruction are divided into 2 phases. Some courses conduct both phases at Camp Dodge, Johnston, Iowa.

The Instructor Training Course is designed to provide critical training techniques for the Reserve Component Noncommissioned Officer Education System instructors for all levels. The Instructor Training Course is a five-day resident course conducted at Camp Dodge. To date, 63 courses have certified 732 instructors.

Military Occupation Specialty Courses represent the basic or first level of soldier education. These courses are designed to teach the individual soldier the basic tasks that are required to perform within the specialty assigned to each soldier. These courses are usually divided into two phases with Phase 1 conducted on weekend drills and phase 2 during a 2-week annual training period. To date the 185th Regiment (RTI) has conducted these courses in Military Occupational Specialties of 11B, Infantry, 19D Cavalry Scout, 19K M1 Armor Crewman, 29N Telephone Central Office Repairer, 31R, Mobile Subscriber Equipment Transmission System Operator, 31R, Mobile Subscriber Equipment Network Switching System Operator, 67N and 67Y, Helicopter Repairer, 77F, Petroleum Supply Specialist, 88N Traffic Management Coordinator, 88M, Motor Transport Operator, 95A, 95B, Military Police, and 31U Signal Support Systems Specialist.

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