101st Military Intelligence Battalion
In FY06, as part of the Army's transformation towards a modular force, the 101st Military Intelligence Battalion was inactivated. The colors were cased at a ceremony held on 9 June 2006 at Leighton Barracks, Wuerzburg, Germany. As part of the modular transformation, military intelligence elements were to be added to each modular Brigade Combat Team's Special Troop Battalion. Division level military intelligence battalions would be inactivated.
The 101st Military Intelligence Battalion included Headquarters and Headquarters Operations Company, 3 Direct Support Companies (A, B, and C Companies), and a General Support Company (D Company). All of the Battalion's companies were located at Leighton Barracks, Wuerzburg, Germany.
The 101st Military Intelligence Battalion's mission was to provide the Commanding General, 1st Infantry Division, and his subordinate commanders across the Division with combat information and intelligence during exercises and real-world operations.
The 101st Military Intelligence Battalion was formed as the 1st Military Intelligence Battalion (provisional) on 1 February 1977. The unit was formed from the consolidation of 2 O&E companies, the 1st Military Intelligence Company (Combat) and the 337th Army Security Agency Company, which were at that time attached to the 937th Engineer Group at Fort Riley, Kansas. The newly formed Battalion was organized into 4 companies, Headquarters and Operation Company, A Company (Collection & Jamming), B Company (Ground Surveillance), and C Company (Service Support).
On 1 July 1952, the 337th Communication Reconnaissance Company, the predecessor of A Company, was constituted at Fort Devens. After numerous reorganizations, it was designated the 337th Army Security Company and was extensively used during the Vietnam War.
The Battalion's oldest company, B Company, traced its lineage to the 1st Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, which was formed on 16 February 1944 in wartime France. This unit was assigned to the Regular Army in 1951 and, following several reorganizations, became the 1st Military Intelligence Company. The 1st Military Intelligence Company was assigned to the 1st Infantry Division on 21 July 1978.
On 16 September 1980, the 10lst Military Intelligence Battalion was constituted in the Regular Army and assigned to the 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley. In November 1988, the Battalion integrated the Division's Long-Range Surveillance Detachment as D Company (LSRD). On 18 February 1990, the Battalion was reorganized into 5 companies: Headquarters & Service Company, A Company (Collection & Jamming), B Company (Intelligence and Surveillance), C Company (Electronic Warfare), and D Company (LSRD).
In November 1990, the Battalion deployed to Southwest Asia to participate in Operation Desert Shield. On 24 February 1991, the Battalion crossed the breach into Iraq and distinguished itself throughout the ensuing 100 hours of ground combat as part of Operation Desert Storm. The Battalion returned to Fort Riley, Kansas in mid-1991.
In 1995, the Battalion underwent another reorganization, creating 3 Direct Support companies, each integrating analysis, ground surveillance, counterintelligence and interrogation teams, one General Support company, for signals intelligence and electronic attack, and an HHOC.
In February 1996, the 101st Military Intelligence Battalion moved to Wuerzburg, Germany and in October 1996 deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina as part of the NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). The Battalion returned from Bosnia in May 1997 and immediately assumed the mission to support Task Force Able Sentry in Macedonia. In June 1999, the Battalion deployed to Kosovo as part of Task Force Falcon (part of the NATO-led Kosovo Force or KFOR). In June 2000 the 101st Military Intelligence Battalion returned from Kosovo, ending 44 continuous months of service in the Balkans.
As of late 2001, the Battalion was preparing to assume responsibility for the KFOR mission again in May 2002.
In 2003 the 101st Military Intelligence Battalion was ordered to deploy to Turkey in anticipation of conflict in Iraq. Elements of the 101st Military Intelligence Battalion supported operations by elements of the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanzied) during the opening stages of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
In FY06 as part of the transformation of the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) to the Army's new modular force structure, the 1st Military Intelligence Battalion was inactivated. As part of the modular transformation, military intelligence elements were to be added to each modular Brigade Combat Team's Special Troop Battalion. Division level military intelligence battalions would be inactivated.
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