1st Battalion (Air Assault), 377th Field Artillery Regiment
As part of the transformation of the US Army to the modular force, corps artillery units were inactivated and replaced at corps level with a fires brigade. The activation of the 17th Fires Brigade as part of I Corps in 2007 was part of this reorganization. 1st Battalion (Air Assault), 377th Field Artillery Regiment subsequently became part of the 17th Fires Brigade.
Previously, the mission of the 1st Battalion (Air Assault), 377th Field Artillery had been to, on order, deploy via air, land, or sea to provide air assault capable artillery fire support to the XVIII Corps during contingency operations. It was equipped with 155mm M198 towed howitzers.
The 1st Battalion 377th Field Artillery Regiment was first constituted on 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Battery A, 377th Field Artillery, an element of the 101st Division (later redesignated as the 101st Airborne Division). It was organized in November 1921 at Green Bay, Wisconsin.
With the US entry into the Second World War, the unit was reorganized and redesignated on 30 January 1942 as Battery A, 377th Field Artillery Battalion. It was redesignated again on 15 August 1942 as Battery A, 377th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion. It was concurrently inactivated, withdrawn from the Organized Reserves, and allotted to the Army of the United States. It was activated on 16 August 1942 at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.
During World War II, the unit participated in the Normandy, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace and Central Europe campaigns, being awarded streamers with arrowheads for the first 2 campaigns, indiciating participation in the initial assault. The unit also earned 2 Presidential Unit Citations along with both the French and Belgium Croix de Guerre with Palm. The unit was inactivated on 30 November 1945 at the conclusion of World War II in France.
The unit was redesignated on 18 June 1948 as Battery A, 515th Airborne Field Artillery Battalion and allotted on 25 June 1948 to the Regular Army and activated 6 July 1948 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky. It was inactivated there on 15 April 1949. It was activated on 25 August 1950 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky and inactivated there again on 1 December 1953. The unit was reactivated on 15 May 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. It was redesignated n 1 July 1956 as Battery A, 377th Airborne Field Artillery Battalion. It was reorganized and redesignated on 25 April 1957 as Battery A, 377th Field Artillery, an element of the 101st Airborne Division. It was inactivated on 21 May 1965 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.
The unit was reactivated on 20 December 1968 in Vietnam. It was redesignated on 1 September 1971 as Battery A, 377th Field Artillery. Battery A served in 8 campaigns in Vietnam: Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, Consolidation I, and Consolidation II. The Unit earned 2 Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm and a Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class Streamer.
The unit was inactivated on 15 June 1986 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and relieved from assignment to the 101st Airborne Division. It was redesignated on 16 May 1996 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 377th Field Artillery, and activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina with its organic elements concurrently constituted and activated. There it became an air assault field artillery battalion assigned to XVIII Corps Artillery.
Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 1st Battalion, 377th Field Artillery Regiment.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|