1st Battalion (Airborne) - 321st Field Artillery Regiment
The 1st Battalion (Airborne), 321st Field Artillery Regiment is a 3 x 6 Field Artillery Battalion equipped with the M198 Towed Medium Howitzer (155mm).
The 321st was organized at Camp Gordon, GA, as part of the 82d Infantry Division on 5 August 1917. The 321st supported the 82d throughout the Great War including the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. The Regiment's highest decorated soldier received the Distinguished Service Cross during this conflict at action near Sommerance, France.
The War Department ordered the 321st into active service again on 25 March 1942. On 15 August, it was re-designated the 321st Glider Field Artillery Battalion and served with the 101st Airborne Division. The Regiment's distinguished service continued through World War II with the 101st. The 321st amphibious assaulted onto Normandy, airborne and glider assaulted into Holland, stood valiantly at Bastogne, and helped liberate the European continent from the grip of Hitler's regime.
In April 1965, as part of the 82nd Airborne Division, elements of the 321st moved to the Dominican Republic to restore order in the Caribbean. The Regiment supported the 82d's Infantry as they patrolled the city, restored order, and distributed medical supplies to both warring factions.
On 17 December 1967, the 321st returned to active combat as part of the massive 101st Airborne Division air deployment to Vietnam. The regiment participated in numerous combat actions including "Operation Nevada Eagle;" "Massachusetts Striker;" "Kentucky Jumper;" "Richland Square;" and "Randolph Glen." The unit earned twelve combat streamers in more than four years of continuous duty in the Republic of Vietnam.
Element of the Regiment were part of the invasion force that hit Grenada in 1983 as part of "Operation Urgent Fury." 321st forward observers allowed a swift and violent destruction of the Calvigny Barracks compound and its defenders. In less than twenty-four hours, the invasion force secured the operations main objectives while rescuing American students from the dangers posed by the island's civil unrest.
The first battalion of the Regiment provides the three Airborne Infantry Brigades of the 82d Airborne Division with on-call 155mm airborne assault capability. The 1st Battalion (Airborne), 321st Field Artillery Regiment continues the proud heritage of the 321st Regiment, providing immediately responsive, precisely accurate, and continuous artillery fires for the maneuver forces.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|