1-167 Infantry (Mechanized)
The history of the 167th Infantry Regiment of the Alabama Army National Guard may be divided into three phases covering six wars; the Seminole, the Mexican, the War Between the States, World-War-I and II, and the Korean War. The first covers the period from February 27 1836 to May 1861, during which time some of its companies and personnel served in independent militia units throughout the state, for the regiment as such had not come unto being. The second phase began with the incorporation of these several companies and others into the FOURTH ALABAMA Infantry of the Confederate States Army, May 4, 1861 and ended on July 15, 1911, when the regiment was officially designated as part or the Alabama National Guard. During World War I it became the United States 167th Infantry Regiment. Following that conflict the old name of Fourth Alabama National Guard was briefly restored, but on December 16, 1921 the regiment was redesigned the 167", which name it still bears.
On January 15, 1968, the 167th Infantry was designated the 167th (M) Infantry and assigned to the 30th Armored Division which was split between the states of Tennessee and Alabama. The unit came under the command of the 31st Brigade, one of three Brigades in the 30th Armored Division.
The unit was originally organized in January-February 1836 as the Regiment Alabama Militia, commanded by Colonel William Chisolm and was mustered into Federal service 27 February-i March 1836 at Mobile; it was later mustered out of Federal service in May 1836 at Mobile and elements continued as independent volunteer militia companies.
The unit was reorganized and mustered into Federal service 23 May-8 June 1846 at Mobile as Lieutenant Colonel Raiford's Battalion, 1st Regiment Alabama Volunteers, commanded by Colonel J. M. Withers. The regiment (less Lieutenant Colonel Raiford's Battalion and three companies) was mustered out of Federal service 16 June 1846 at Mobile; Lieutenant Colonel Raiford's Battalion and three companies consolidated with companies of Colonel J. R. Coffey's 1st Regiment of Alabama Volunteers (mustered into Federal service 8-29 June 1846 at Mobile). Lieutenant Colonel Raiford's Battalion was later withdrawn from Colonel J. R. Coffey's 1st Regiment of Alabama Volunteers and mustered out of Federal service 18 August 1846 at Mobile; remainder of regiment mustered out of Federal service 25-29 May 1847 at New Orleans, Louisiana.
The unit was later reorganized in part as Major J. J. Seibles' Battalion, Alabama Infantry, and mustered into Federal service November 1847-February 1848 at Mobile; it was mustered out of Federal service 26-28 June 1848 at Mobile and elements continued as independent volunteer militia companies in central Alabama. It was later reorganized in part as the 4th Regiment Alabama Infantry (organized by Colonel J. J. Seibles) and mustered into Confederate service in May 1861 at Dalton, Georgia. It surrendered 9 April 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, with the Army of Northern Virginia.
It reconstituted 30 September 1875 in the Alabama Volunteer Militia and reorganized from existing companies in central and southern Alabama as the 1st Regiment of Infantry Regiment (less companies in southern Alabama) and was reorganized and redesignated 25 November 1875 as the 2d Regiment of Infantry (Companies in southern Alabama concurrently reorganized as the 1st Regiment of Infantry - hereafter separate lineage) (Alabama Volunteer Militia redesignated 9 February 1877 as the Alabama State Troops).
The regiment (less companies in central and northwestern Alabama) was reorganized and redesignated 1887-1888 as the 3d Regiment of Infantry (Companies in central and northwestern Alabama concurrently reorganized as the 2d Regiment of Infantry - hereafter separate lineage) (Alabama State Troops redesignated 18 February 1897 as the Alabama National Guard).
The 3d Regiment of Infantry was redesignated as the 1st Alabama Volunteer Infantry and mustered into Federal service 9-24 May 1898 at Mobile; it was mustered out of Federal service 31 October 1898 at Birmingham. It was reorganized 1898-1899 in the Alabama National Guard in central and northern Alabama as the 3d Infantry Regiment. It was later redesignated 15 July 1911 as the 4th Infantry Regiment Mustered into Federal service 28 June-i July 1916 at Montgomery. It was then assigned 1 August 1917 to the 42d Division, and was drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. It was reorganized and redesignated 15 August 1917 as the 167th Infantry and was demobilized 19 May 1919 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
the unit was reorganized 1 July 1919 in the Alabama National Guard as the 4th Infantry but was later redesignated 16 December 1921 as the 167th Infantry and assigned to the 39th Division. Its Headquarters was Federally recognized 10 April 1922 at Birmingham. It was relieved 1 July 1923 from assignment to the 39th Division and assigned to the 31st Division (later redesignated as the 31st Infantry Division) (Location of Headquarters changed 11 January 1932 to Gadsden).
It was inducted into Federal service 25 November 1940 at home stations and was inactivated 8-29 December 1945 at Camp Stoneman, California.
it was reorganized and Federally recognized 2 December 1946 with Headquarters at Birmingham and was ordered into active Federal service 16 January 1951 at home stations (167th Infantry [NGUS] organized and Federally recognized 1 April 1953 with Headquarters at Birmingham).
Following the Korean War the unit was released 15 June 1954 from active Federal service and reverted to state control; Federal recognition concurrently withdrawn from the 167th Infantry (NGUS). The unit was reorganized 2 May 1959 (less the 2d Battalion) as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st and 2d Battle Groups, elements of the 31st Infantry Division (2d Battalion concurrently converted and redesignated as the 1 52d Armor - hereafter separate lineage).
The unit was reorganized 15 April 1963 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 31st Infantry Division (1St Battalion ordered into active Federal service 11 June 1963 at home stations; released 23 June 1963 from active Federal service and reverted to state control. Ordered into active Federal service 10 September 1963 at home stations; released 12 September 1963 from active Federal service and reverted to state control. Ordered into active Federal service [less Company C] 20 March 1965 at home stations; released 29 March 1965 from active Federal service and reverted to state control).
The unit was later reorganized 15 January 1968 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 30th Armored Division. Later, the unit was again reorganized 1 November 1973 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 31St Armored Brigade.
It was withdrawn 1 May 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
Nearly 800 reserve and active duty U.S. soldiers from New Jersey, Massachusetts, California, Alabama, Tennessee joined troops from 13 NATO and other partner nations during the kick-off of Exercise Rescue Eagle 2000 in areas surrounding Constanta, Romania, on 12 July 2000. The exercise was designed to improve the abilities of the participating nations' forces to accomplish humanitarian assistance and disaster relief-type operations, by using the scenario of a mock earthquake. Training objectives are specifically aimed at small-unit enhancing the abilities of these forces to work together. Major U.S. units include: Golf Company, 2nd Battalion, 25th Marine Regiment, 4th Marine Divi-sion, Dover, NJ; a detachment from the 4th Medical Battalion, 4th Service Support Group, San Diego, CA; a company from the 167th Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 31st Armored Brigade, Alabama Army National Guard, Talladega, AL; a combat enhanced capability aviation team (medical) from the Tennessee Army National Guard, Alcoa, TN; a detachment from the 622nd Aero medical Evacuation Squadron, 622nd Regional Support Group, 22nd Air Force, Miami, FL; and a detachment from the 52nd Medical Group, 52nd Fighter Wing, Spangdahlem AB, Germany.
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