Third Stage (1979-1989) - Afghanistan
The third stage in the history of units and special purpose lasted ten years. It can be considered the beginning of May 2, 1979, when the head of GRU Gen. Ivashutin set the task to Colonel Vladimir Kolesnik 154 form a separate group of special purpose (ooSpN). His staff includes military equipment, and the total number of soldiers and officers was five hundred twenty people. Such weapons and such state in the special forces did not exist before. In addition to management and staff, squad consisted of four companies. The first company was armed with BMP-1, the second and third BTR-60PB. The fourth company was a company of weapons, which consisted of AGS-17 platoon, infantry platoon jet flame throwers "Lynx" and a platoon of combat engineers. Also included in the squad separate platoons: communication, ZSU "Shilka", automobile and material security.
But the main squad oddity was that the principle on which it selected soldiers, sergeants and officers. This should have been the face of three ethnic Uzbeks, Turkmens and Tajiks. (Spetsnaz Detachment meets battalion in the Army. Hence the name of the Muslim battalion approx. Aut.) Fighters selected only two appeals, served for a year and six months. There are specific requirements for the physical training of candidates. The operation of military equipment requires special knowledge, people were taken in motorized rifle and tank units of both compounds Asian counties. This work was performed officers fifteenth and twenty-second brigade.
At the core, of course, on the principle of voluntariness, but in the absence of volunteers this military specialty, a good spetsa could enroll in the squad, even against his will. Six weeks later the squad was formed. In every company there was an interpreter, a cadet of the Military Institute of Foreign Languages, aiming for an internship. But with such a national structure squad virtually no problems with language training, as all Tajiks, Uzbeks, and about half of the Turkmen part owned Farsi - one of the main languages of Afghanistan. Out of position, picked up a dark-haired captain Pautova, who lost in the mass, when silent. Battalion headed by Major H. Halban, who served before in the fifteenth brigade post of deputy commander of a special forces units on airborne training.
The entire personnel of the battalion in Moscow sewed uniforms Afghan army and prepared legalization documents established sample in the Afghan language. The names do not have to split hairs - each used his. It should not have been evident as in Afghanistan, especially in the northern regions, and many Tajiks and Uzbeks, and Turkmen also not uncommon.
In November, the nineteenth-twentieth of the detachment was deployed to Bagram aircraft. Personnel, as well as property companies, and objects of material support, including firewood, transported to the AN-12. All the heavy equipment was delivered to the AN-22 "Antey". This operation took less than a day.
On 13 December the squad was tasked with - its course to arrive in Kabul, ostensibly to strengthen the protection of the Taj Palace Beck. What 12/27/79 squad together with the KGB commandos seized the palace, they know everything.
In January second personal squad was transferred by plane to Tashkent. In the same eightieth squad beefed officers, personnel and military equipment and reintroduced into Afghanistan.
In December 1979, was formed the Chirchiq 459 separate special purpose company. It was introduced to Afghanistan in February 1980 and was stationed in Kabul until August 15 1988. This company for the year 1984 conducted combat operations, using tactics of spetsnaz.
On February 29, 1980 on the basis of 12 teams in Lagodekhi (ZakVO) was formed 173 Detachment, which had the same native structure as 154th. In Afghanistan, it came only in 1984.
From January 1980 to October 1981 on the basis of 22 teams, located in Kapchagai (CAMD), was formed 177 ooSpN. In October 1981, this unit is brought into Afghanistan. However, the 154th and 177th units until 1984 mainly engaged in the protection of the pipeline and the mountain pass.
In 1984, the command of the armed forces decided to start a more active use of special forces in Afghanistan. This decision prompted expanding its help coming Mujahideen of Iran and Pakistan, as well as highly effective work of the Kabul company.
To combat the rebels caravans ooSpN 154 was transferred to Jalalabad, 177th in Ghazni and 10.02.1984, the 173 detachment crossed the border near g.Kushka 14.021984 year and its course arrived in the vicinity of Kandahar.
That rate confirmed the results of its combat operations. In this regard the fall of 1984 came to Bagram fourth detachment formed in Kirovograd brigade. A few months later it was transferred to g.Baraki.
In the spring of 1985 in Afghanistan entered the fifth squad formed in the Belarusian team (of Marina Gorka), sixth squad formed in Chuchkovskoy brigade seventh formed in Izjaslavl (PrikVO). Also the headquarters of the 15th and 22th Brigades went to Afghanistan. Thus, in Afghanistan acted obrSpN 15, whose headquarters was in Jalalabad, there was a 154 unit. 177th was in Ghazni, was fourth in the barracks, and the fifth in Asadobade. And 22 Brigade headquarters together with the sixth detachment was located in Lashkar Gah. In Kandahar, was 173 unit, and was seventh in Shahdzhoe squad. Already in late 1985, just in Afghanistan, was formed eighth squad, which became part of 22 Brigade. It was located in Farakhrud.
22obrSpN was withdrawn from Afghanistan in August 1988. The last units of 15 teams came from Afghanistan 15.02.1989 year, covering the rearguard columns fortieth army. Afghan period ended.
In order to conceal the fact that spetsnaz in Afghanistan spetsnaz troops called separate motorized infantry battalions. Numbering units was as follows: 1st - Jalalabad, 2nd Gazniysky, 3rd Kandahar. Further, as described above. Real numbers do not give orders, except for the first three.
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