In March 2009, as part of the Russian army reforms, the 67th and 12th GRU spetsnaz brigades were disbanded. The 3rd brigade was being cut. Despite the decision taken to transfer the spetsnaz brigades to the jurisdiction of the Ground Forces and on the formation of the Special Operation Forces Command, the question remained open.
2nd Separate Special Purpose Brigade
Promezhitsa, Pskov Region
Western Military District
2nd Brigade Special Purpose was formed on the basis of the directives of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR and the commander of the troops of the Leningrad Military District during the period from 17 September 1962 to March 1963.
In 1981-89 years. 177th ooSpN formed in the 22th obrSpN , Kapchagai, CAMD, participated in combat operations in Afghanistan (from 1981 to 1985 - on their own, from 1985 to 1989 - as part of the 15th obrSpN ) . For courage and valor in the performance of military duty in the Republic of Afghanistan, 177th ooSpN awarded the Honorary Badge of the Komsomol "Military Valor" and Honorary Red Banner of the PDPA.
In Chechnya the Brigade formed a combined detachment based on individual companies (Taybola, Petrozavodsk, Pechora), and deployed from January 19 to April 26, 1995. THe unit spent several days in Mozdok, then arrived at the permanent deployment - Beslan (standing near the airport). In August 1999, a combined detachment brigade departed the North Caucasus. First squad participated in the fighting in Dagestan, and in September 1999 - on the territory of Chechnya.
3rd Guards Separate Special Purpose Brigade
Chernorech'e, Central Military District
The Brigade was formed in 1966 from the 26 separate battalion of special forces (which in turn was formed on the basis of the 26th Guards Warsaw-Berlin Red Banner Order of Suvorov III century. motorcycle regiment) in the garrison Bremen, involving personnel of the 27th separate battalion SpN GMT, 48th and 166th separate reconnaissance battalions. In the 1980s one of the main tasks was to deploy teams to locate and destroy enemy missiles. In May 1990, the unit was relocated from the town of Furstenberg (Neu Timm), to the Chernorechenskye military camp, Roshinsky, Chernorechie, Samara Volga region.
In 1992, on September 29 the team was built on alert. On Sept. 30, from a military airfield IL-76 aircraft were directed to the Republic of Tajikistan to restore constitutional order. Brigade performed tasks for the protection of strategic facilities, the republic's leadership and representatives of the Government of the Russian Federation.
From January to June 1995 509th separate detachment of special purpose brigade fought in Chechnya. January 17, 1995 509th separate detachment of special purpose third separate brigade of special purpose, a BMP-1 column was transferred by IL-76 out of Samara in Mozdok to Khankala. For distinguished service, 176 people of the Brigade were awarded orders and medals, and Guard Petty Officer Anton B. Ushakov was awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation (posthumously).
By October 2010, in accordance with the order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation of July 20, 2010 # 991 and Chief of General Staff directive of 23 July 2010, as well as directives from the District Commander on August 4, 2010, the 3rd separate special purpose brigade relocated to the village at the base of Togliatti Roshinsky Military Technical Institute, a branch of the Academy of Logistics and Transport named after Army General A.V. Khruleva. The institute disbanded by April 2010. Then the team transferred to the Land Forces and was subordinated in October 2010 to the combined strategic command "Center".
10th Separate Special Purpose Brigade
Mol'kino, Krasnoyarsk Territory
Southern Military District
By Directive General Staff of the USSR in the period from September 22 to October 4, 1962 was formed 10 obrSpN, the place of deployment Stary Krym (pgt. Pervomayskoe). Many officers who served with the brigade in Afghanistan were awarded orders and medals of different degrees. October 11, 1991 the brigade became part of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.
The brigade was re-formed in SCWO ( JUVO - North-Caucasian military district) in May 2003. According to the results of military and intelligence activities, the quality of outputs and efficiency of management intelligence services in 2004 was the better among special forces units and formations flying combat missions in the territory of the Chechen Republic, according to the Chief of the General Staff and the command of the Joint Group of troops (forces) in the North Caucasus.
Dmitry Medvedev presented the Order of Zhukov 10th separate brigade of special purpose of the Defence Ministry. This state award is awarded for achievements in the design and implementation of large-scale military operations. In August 2008, the personnel of the 10th separate brigade of special forces participated in the operation to force Georgia to peace. For courage and heroism of 76 commandos were awarded orders and medals, Private Raushan ABDULLIN was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Russia.
14th Separate Special Purpose Brigade
Usuriisk, Eastern Military District
Brigade was formed January 1, 1963 on the basis of Ussuriisk 77th orb.
More than 200 officers, sergeants and soldiers participated in combat operations in Afghanistan as part of 334-th ooSpN (formed on the basis obrSpN 5 l / s and the 2nd, 14th, 9th and 22th obrSpN). A total of 12 officers, 36 sergeants and soldiers were killed.
From 17 January to 27 April 1995 combined unit Spetsnaz (175 pers.) Formed on the basis of 308-th oSpN, took part in the fighting in Chechnya. January 15, 1995 the consolidated group under the command of Major (vposl. lieutenant colonel) Yurchenko AB arrived in Mozdok (North Ossetia) and was later relocated to the settlement Chervlennaya sites (Chechen Republic). For courage and bravery shown during the performance of military duty, the military consolidated unit were awarded the Order - 47 people medals - 272 people.
November 6, 1999 14th obrSpN was alerted. Combined unit was formed on the basis of 294-th ooSpN (250 pers.) under the command of Major SK Kurbanalieva that after combat coordination at the site of the arrived in Beslan, and December 9, 1999 in the village was relocated Tarskoe (North Ossetia) and proceeded to carry out combat missions.
16th Separate Special Purpose Brigade
(Tambov, Western Military District
Born January 1, 1963 the Moscow Military District. In 1972, the team performed a government mission to extinguish fires in the Moscow, Ryazan, Vladimir and Gorky areas. For the fulfillment of this task was awarded Diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. In September 2009, the 6th Battalion was disbanded. Brigade moved to a new OSHS. Currently, a team consists of three special forces: 1st, 2nd, 3rd special forces, 4th Detachment special radio, a special company weapons, SMB and material security company.
In December 1984, the brigade formed the 370th separate detachment of special purpose to perform tasks in Afghanistan. In March 1985, the detachment crossed the border between the USSR and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, where it was stationed on the outskirts of Lashkar Gah. In 1986, Soviet intelligence officers were ordered to get a sample of the latest American-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) "Stinger". January 5, 1987 a group led by Major EG Sergeeva, encountered a group of Mujahideen, who began to flee. Sergeev found strange pipes and documents, in which, as it turned out, there were instructions for using the "Stinger". Only 25 years after the feat, May 6, 2012 EG Sergeyev was awarded the title of Hero of Russia. Lieutenant Colonel EG Sergeyev died in 2008.
As a result of the fighting in Afghanistan personnel 370 Detachment seized and destroyed up to 2 thousand rebels, one hundred twenty cars, more than five hundred firearms, two hundred and fifty mortars, more than a million rounds of ammunition and a variety of other weapons. For courage and heroism two hundred twenty-four soldier-internationalist were awarded military decorations and medals.
On the territory of Tajikistan from 28.09.1992 to 30.11.1992, the personnel of the units perform tasks for the protection of important military and government facilities. In the first Chechen war of 1994-1996 the Russian special forces also took an active part. Serious mistakes made political and military leadership of the country, led to unnecessary losses. So 1995 can be considered the most tragic in the history of special forces. From 14.08.1999 till 26.09.2006 ooSpN 664 th brigade of 250 people entered in the temporary operational grouping of Russian forces in the North Caucasus.
in the performance of military duty one hundred forty nine military servicemen were killed: in Afghanistan - 47 people; in the first Chechen war - 50 people; the second Chechen war - 52 people.
On 12.08.2008, at the October 2009 military brigade took part in the peacekeeping mission in the territory of the Republic of Abkhazia. For successful performance of combat missions during the operation to force Georgia to peace, 436 Brigade soldiers were awarded state awards of the Russian Federation.
22th Separate Guards Special Purpose Brigade
Stepnoi, Rostov Region
Southern Military District
In 1976, the Central Asian Military District was divided into Turkestan and Central Asia. The 15th separate brigade of special purpose entity was placed under the authority TurkVO. For the formation of the front set of intelligence CAMD directive of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces were ordered to form 1 August 1976 22 th separate brigade of special purpose. The place of formation and subsequent location was the city Kapshagay Kazakh SSR, at the cantonment of a separate anti-aircraft missile regiment.
Due to the high level of training and performance of tasks, the compound was repeatedly awarded and noted for the better government of the USSR and the command of the Armed Forces. In March 1985, the unit was relocated in Lashkar Gah Republic of Afghanistan and took part in the Afghan war. It was the only military unit to receive Guards name after World War II. In 1989-1992, the unit was stationed in Azerbaijan . In June 1992, the unit was relocated to the territory of the Russian Federation and included in the Red troops of the North Caucasus Military District. From November 1992 to August 1994 Task Force unit was involved to maintain the state of emergency and disengagement in the Ossetian-Ingush ethnic conflict.
From December 1, 1994 to October 13, 1996 Task Force brigade composed 173rd ooSpN and reinforcement units ensured restoration of constitutional order in the Chechen Republic. In Chechnya in December 1994 as part of the "North" was involved in street fighting in Grozny, during a special operation landed troops throughout Chechnya. It was best known for an unsuccessful operation in southern Chechnya in January 1995. Because of poor training operations, on January 5 a detachment was surrounded, on January 6 lost 2 killed and surrendered.
In 2005, the brigade troops stationed in the village and town Stepnoi, Bataiysk Rostov region.
24th Separate Special Purpose Brigade
Irkutsk, Central Military District
24th obrSpN was formed November 1, 1977 on the basis of the 18th separate company Spetsnaz , 799 th Spetsnaz separate company and recruits from the Baltic countries (mainly from Estonia) in § Clear (Tin-4), Chita region ( ZabVO ). Initially it deployed only a management team and the 1st Battalion. In 1980 the 2nd Battalion was deployed.
In 1984, the 281st separate special forces detachment was formed based on the 24th obrSpN, and sent to Afghanistan. The 281st ooSpN participated in combat operations in Chechnya in 1994-1996. The Brigade formed a combined unit to perform reconnaissance and combat missions in the North Caucasus from September 5 to December 26, 2000. After six months deployed in the North Caucasus, Detachment (1st b-n) returned to the place of permanent deployment in December 2006. As of October 2012 combined battalion was deployed to Ingushetia.
During the Soviet period, the basic strategic level operational unit was the brigada or brigade. Virtually every military district (MD) was assigned one spetsnaz brigade of 900 to 2,000 spetsnazovtsi. There were centers for training conscripts at Pskov and Chirchik, where they specialize in intensive training for desert conditions.
Most of these units either devolved to the new republics in which the MD was located or they have been relocated to other cities. Both Kazakhstan and Belorus (Byellorussia) are known to have taken Russian airborne units and converted them to spetsnaz brigades employing former Soviet military personnel who decided to swear loyalty to the new independent republics.