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Second Stage (1961-1979) - teams and educational institutions

General Staff directive of March 27, 1962 was drafted for special purpose brigades in peacetime and wartime. By the end of 1962 in the Belarusian, Far East, Caucasus, Kiev, Leningrad, Moscow, Odessa, Baltic, Carpathian and Turkestan military districts formed special brigades. This meant that part of the brigade units were deployed peacetime, that is in a period of threat they could shall complete the attached structure. Several units in the brigade commanders had orders only, all other officers, sergeants and soldiers were left. As a result of this reform to 01.01.1961g. Soviet special forces included twelve individual companies, five separate battalions and ten skadrovannyh teams.

In 1963, the Belarusian territory, Baltic and Leningrad military districts GRU undertook the first large-scale exercise in which the intelligence group really thrown to the depth of their activities according to specific tasks. Radio operators provided communication of special intelligence work. Special Operations Group successfully worked against real troops and objects deep behind enemy lines. One of the organizers of these exercises who actually worked out the many issues related to combat work was Ivan Schelokov. His work was highly appreciated by the leadership of the GRU and personally arrived at teaching deputy head of the GRU Colonel - General HJ Mamsurov.

Despite the successful work during the exercise, by the end of 1964, there was another reorganization, and special forces battalion lost three and six companies.

At the same time the management of GRU in 1968 returned to the idea of creating a school that would be willing to intelligence officers for special purposes. So in Ryazan Airborne School created ninth company, cadets. The program included the study of English, German, French and Chinese languages.

In 1970 the combat training program included language training. Scouts learn the language of the probable opponent in his theater of operations. However, over forty hours of language training person who does not know even the basics, such as Turkish, their care can learn to make no more than a few basic phrases without hope that the questioner understands that he will respond captured "language." All hope was on the inhabitants of the Union republics, whose languages were similar to the language of the enemy. Tajiks, for example speak Farsi and Azerbaijani very similar to Turkish.

In August 1977 at the Military Academy. Frunze as part of the intelligence faculty study groups were set up to train officers of special forces. From the first in September 1978 the first such group started their studies.

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Page last modified: 20-12-2015 19:25:33 ZULU