Internal Troops (Vnutrenniye Voiska)
The servicemen of internal troops faithfully carried out by the President of Russia set the task to resolve the Chechen crisis in 1994-1996. Participating since 1999 in counter-terrorism operations in the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation, more than 11 thousand. Officers, warrant officers, sergeants and soldiers were awarded state awards.
Recognition of internal troops of the Russian Interior Ministry in the merits of protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens from criminal and other illegal encroachments by Presidential Decree #394 of March 19, 1996 set the Day of the Interior Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. According to historical tradition it is celebrated every year on March 27.
Now law enforcement soldiers taking part in the maintenance of public order in the streets and other areas of cities and towns of the Russian Federation. Under the protection of the internal troops are important government facilities, including nuclear power companies. The presence of soldiers of law and order in the Southern District of the North Caucasus region remains a major stabilizing factors in the south of Russia.
The focus of the content and nature of the reforms in the country, including in the field of internal security of the Russian Federation, demanded a qualitative increase in the efficiency of the entire Russian Interior Ministry system and its component parts - the inner forces to ensure public safety, protection of all forms of property, prevention and suppression of criminal manifestations of political extremism and terrorism, the maintenance of public order and effective solution service and combat missions in the areas of ethnic conflict. This is what is dictated and determined by the need to bring the Russian Interior Troops in the state corresponding to the needs of the Russian Federation, internal security and the maintenance of readiness, to ensure full implementation of tasks.
Today troops are developing ways to optimize the composition and strength, improve the combat use, development and deployment of new military training programs, the implementation of measures to improve the education of the personnel system, improve the comprehensive combat, technical and logistic support activities of formations and military units. Further development of internal troops provided to enhance their role in the fight against crime and policing in the country.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on the expanded board of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, held in February 2003, he noted the work of internal military forces, particularly their special units, in connection with the implementation of tasks in the fight against terrorism and the strengthening of the system of government in the Chechen Republic. Until 2004, the Interior Troops planned to establish special forces as a separate component of the internal troops, designed to strengthen the fight against organized crime in the federal districts, the tasks in the North Caucasus region of Russia.
February 21, 2002 at the Cathedral Square of the Moscow Kremlin Russian President Vladimir Putin in a solemn atmosphere handed in chief of internal troops of Army General Vyacheslav Tikhomirov Banner Russian Interior Ministry troops. Banner of the internal troops - a symbol of success, which achieved the internal troops of their nearly two centuries. It will contribute to further growth of authority of law enforcement troops, support the troops in their pursuit of high results of performing the tasks.
November 10, 2002 in Moscow near the building of the General Command of Russian Interior Ministry troops, a monument "Soldiers of internal troops." It perpetuated the memory of all the generations of the military forces of law and order, killed in the line of military duty. The composition is a granite stele height of 9 meters and a sculpture of a grieving mother. At the opening ceremony of the monument was attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Since 2008 significant changes have occurred in the internal troops of the Russian Interior Ministry. District Office transformed into 7 regional commands (North-West, Central, North Caucasus, Volga, Urals, Siberian, East), the boundaries of which are associated with the boundaries of the federal districts. Military units operational assignment transferred to the brigade base, which increased the mobility and manageability of these formations.
In order to strengthen law-enforcement orientation is an active army rearmament of their composition withdrawn and transferred to the established order in the Armed Forces of the Russian heavy weapons, including tanks. Priority is given to the so special weapons and special armored wheeled vehicles. Well established special cars hidden booking, which are actively used in the North Caucasus region.
The troops entered a fundamentally new command and staff car on the basis of "Tiger" vehicle, which has the most advanced radio systems, satellite, special and governmental communication. There is an active introduction of forces into the latest digital communications technology management system, the forming of information telecommunication system, which includes the regional command and control point of the Joint Group of Troops (Forces) in the North Caucasus region of Russia.
Further development of internal troops provided to enhance their role in the fight against terrorism and crime in the Russian Federation. So, in the Southern Federal District of Russia, they are integrated into the existing security system. Created by order of the President of the Russian Federation in 2004, the operational management of the Group's combined forces and means at the operational headquarters of the Russian Federation have proven effective. As events had shown in Dagestan, Ingushetia and Kabardino-Balkaria, the creation of these groups proved to be correct, thoughtful and timely step.
On July 27, 2006, Federal Law No. 153-FZ5 was adopted, introducing amendments to the Federal Law on the Internal Troops of the Interior Ministry of the Russian Federation, in accordance with which, the Internal Troops were assigned an additional mission—i.e., participation in the fight against terrorism and ensuring the enforcement of law and order in the course of counterterrorist operations. This law is in conformity with at least three provisions of the National Security Concept of the Russian Federation, reflecting the main tasks of ensuring national security: implementation of short- and long- term measures to prevent and neutralize internal and external threats; ensuring the personal security of the individual and citizen, as well as constitutional rights and freedoms in the territory of the Russian Federation; streamlining the state power system in the Russian Federation, federative relations, local government and legislation of the Russian Federation; harmonizing interethnic relations; strengthening law and order, and preserving the socio-political stability of society.
Internal forces took an active part in liquidation of consequences of humanitarian disaster in South Ossetia in August 2008, during the Georgian-South Ossetian conflict. Troops in those difficult days perform tasks to ensure the safety of road works and traffic routes humanitarian convoys, supported together with the members of the Interior order in the border with South Ossetia, the Russian Federation regions.
One of the most important areas of service and combat activity of troops remains the execution of tasks in the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation, including in the composition of the Joint Group of Troops (Forces). In this case the main burden of the fight against gang bear our troops special forces and intelligence units.
The troops are new in its structure and objectives of the military units - Special Purpose Centers. Their equipment is supplied modern military equipment, the newest samples of small arms and special means. Establishment of special purpose Interior Troops of Russia is the next step in the further development of the forces that will bring special forces units to a new professional level, improve their combat capability and significantly expand the range of combat capabilities. In 2008, the first such center wascreated as part of the separate operative division of internal troops on the basis of special forces "Vityaz" detachment.
The troops established a system of military training, including special forces and intelligence operations in the mountains. A unique training center of mountain training in Krasnodar Territory. Implemented training program for action in the mountains, purchased mining equipment, climbing equipment and special equipment.
One of the links in the system of government measures to counter terrorism in the region and covering the state border is a regiment of operational use Russian Interior Ministry troops stationed in Nalchik. The personnel of the regiment prepared specifically for operations in mountainous conditions.
Since 2009, the Interior Troops launched international cooperation in matters of mountain training. The training center of mountain training of internal troops held joint military exercises with the participation of Russian Interior Ministry and the staff of a special unit of the National Gendarmerie in France. During the return visit of Internal Troops special forces officers, they, together with their colleagues from the law enforcement agencies of France practiced climbing skills training in winter conditions in the Alps.
Today Russian Interior Ministry troops are considered to be one of the most important units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, have a strong personnel and technical capacity, operational capability, well-equipped and mobile units. They play a major role in the suppression, containment and neutralization of internal armed conflicts, and the troops of constant readiness to represent the main component of the military organization of the state to ensure the internal security of the Russian Federation.
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