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Iraqi Intelligence Service - IIS [Mukhabarat]

The Mukhabarat had a staff of about 4,000. Although there was surprisingly detailed literature on the internal organization of the Mukhabarat, these sources diverge as to the precise nomenclature and subordination of these entities.

Directorate 1. The Private Office

The office of the director of the Mukhabarat was situated in its own building at the main entrance of the Mukhabarat complex in the Mansour district of Baghdad. All instructions and directives flowed from this office, and the director's meetings with his senior staff took place here. The last Director of the Mukhabarat was Rafi' Dahham Al Tikriti, former director of the Fourth Directorate of the Mukhabarat and former Iraqi Ambassador in Turkey. He assumed his present position on July 1, 1997. The Director up to June 30, 1997 was Mani' Abd Rashid Al Tikriti. The Manager of the Director's Office is Col. `Aayed Al Douri (Abu Tayseer), from Dour, and the Director's secretary is Capt. Muthana Al Tikriti (nephew of Mani' Abd Rashid).

Subdivisions of D1:

    The Secretariat
    Electronic equipment
    Reception and appointments
    Internal and external co-ordination

Political Bureau

The Political Bureau was probably the most important branch of the Mukhabarat. It includes a number of Directorates.

    Directorate 4. Secret Service

    The Secret Service Directorate was located inside the headquarters complex of the Mukhabarat. Its activities took place both in Iraq and abroad, with agents of D4 infiltrated into Iraqi Government departments, the Baath Party, associations, unions and organisations, Iraqi embassies and the opposition. In addition, the Secret Service received intelligence from the Al Hadi Project, responsible for SIGINT. The Directorate included a number of offices specialising in the collection against a specific country or region, including offices for Southern Asia, Turkey, Iran, America (North and South), Europe, Arab states, Africa and the former Soviet Union. D4 worked in co-ordination with D3, D5, D9, D12, D14, D18. The last Director of D4 was Maj. Gen. Abdul Aziz Al Qurtan, and the Assistant Director of D4 was Brig. Mohammed Yasin Al Shammari, from Mosul.

    Directorate 8. Technical Affairs

    Located in the headquarters complex of the Mukhabarat, the Eight Directorate [Technical Affairs / Forensics] was responsible for development of materials needed for covert offensive operations. It contained advanced laboratories for testing and production of weapons, poisons, and explosives, as well as facilities for finger printing all Mukhabarat members. It also assembled cameras, radio communications equipment, and employed many engineers and scientists with advanced degrees. The last Director of D8 was Dr Mohammed Al Masri, who is of Egyptian origin.

    Directorate 9. Secret Operations

    The Ninth [Secret Operations] Directorate was one of the most important directorates in the Mukhabarat. Most of its work was outside Iraq in co-ordination with other Directorates [D5, D12, D14, and D18], focusing on operations of sabotage and assassination. The last Director of D9 was Major General Abdul Hameed Khalaf Al Bayati, and the Assistant Director of D9 was Brig Hussain Abdul Khaliq Al Douri, from Dour.

    Directorate 12. Electronic Surveillance

    This directorate was charged with planting video and audio bugging devices in the directorates of the Mukhabarat. Its duties also included analyzing the tapes collected. It also was involved with forging currency.

    Directorate 17. National Security Institute

    Located in Jihad district [possibly at Abughreib in the western suburbs of Baghdad], the National Security Institute was responsible for training Mukhabarat officers. It also contained their supermarket. High school graduates took a three-year study course and college graduates take an 18-month course prior to entering the intelligence service as junior officers.

    Planning Office

    The Planning Office collected and analyzed information from around the world, including open sources such as radio, satellite TV and newspapers.

    Propaganda Office

    The Propaganda Office conducted psychological warfare, including the dissemination of false stories to improve the reputation of the regime and to paint the enemies of the regime (such as the Kurds, Iran or King Hussein of Jordan) in an unfavorable light.

Special Bureau

The Special Bureau [possibly known as Office One] conducted sensitive and highly confidential operations, including interrogation of suspects, training, and security.

    Directorate 5. Counter-Intelligence

    Counter-Intelligence Directorate responsibilities involved detecting and countering foreign agents, with a particular focus on Syrian intelligence. D5 works in co-ordination with D3, D4, D14, D18. The last Director of D5 was Brig Sadoon Ali Al Tikriti, from Auja, and the Assistant Director of D5 was Lt. Col. Ahmed Lahij Al Dulaimi, from Falahat village.

    Directorate 6. Mukhabarat Security

    Located inside the Mukhabarat complex, the Sixth Directorate [possibly Office Five] was responsible for the conduct of officers and other ranks within the Mukhabarat. Its members worked within all departments of the Mukhabarat, with D6 responsible for issuing ID papers, passports and marriage sanctions for all Mukhabarat personnel. The last Director of D6 was Maj. Gen. Abdul Hameed Yasin Al Ghurairi, from Haditha, and the Assistant Director of D6 was Col. Ibrahim Al `Aani.

    Directorate 7. Al Haakimiya (prison)

    While Mukhabarat conducted interrogations in a variety of houses and buildings, the main interrogation centre was located on 52nd Street opposite the Passport Office. The Al Haakimiya prison of the Seventh Directorate [Office Seven] is a large prison building of ten floors, five of which are below ground [other sources state that the building has three floors below ground level and two above].

    Directorate 19. Personnel Supervision

    This directorate was responsible for surveillance of Mukhabarat employees.

    Directorate 22. Protection

    This directorate was responsible for personal protection of senior Mukhabarat officials and visiting dignitaries.

    Office Sixteen

    This Office [of uncertain designation] conducted training of agents for clandestine operations abroad. Agents attended a special school near Baghdad which provided language courses and orientation concerning the country to which they were to be assigned. The Office also provided training for the operation itself. Special six-week courses in the use of terror techniques were provided at a camp in Radwaniyah.

    Brigade of Mukhabarat

    Brigade of Mukhabarat was the rapid intervention force military unit of the agency, armed with light and semi-heavy weapons.

Administration Bureau

    Directorate 2. Administration

    This directorate, located at the Mukhabarat headquarters complex, was responsible for all administrative affairs.

    Subdivisions of D2.

      Payments and gifts
      Land and Housing
      Word processing and typing
      Public Enquiries

    Directorate 10. Legal Directorate

    Located at the headquarters complex the Tenth directorate was charged with all Mukhabarat legal matters. D10 represented the Mukhabarat in joint committees with other government departments and ministries, and it contained the court of the Mukhabarat where prisoners were tried. The last Director of D10 was Brig Kamel Qurtasi Al Jenabi, and the Assistant Director of D10 was Col Saadoun Mohammed Al Mashhadani.

    Directorate 11. Accounts

    This directorate, located at the headquarters complex, was responsible for financial affairs and salaries for all directorates (except D1).

    Directorate 13. Medical

    Located at the headquarters complex, the Thirteenth Directorate was charged with medical examinations of new recruits and medical care for members of the Mukhabarat.

    Directorate 15. Vehicles

    This directorate was responsible for the vehicles of the Mukhabarat and their maintenance.

    Directorate 16. Physical Plant

    This directorate was responsible for maintenance, cleaning, repairs of all Mukhabarat buildings.

    Directorate 20. Printing

    This directorate was responsible for printing leaflets, books and forged documents including passports.

    Directorate 27. Engineering and Construction

    Was responsible for construction of Mukhabarat buildings and houses for senior officers.

The subordination of these Directorates/Offices remains obscure.

Directorate 3. Surveillance

Targets of the Surveillance Directorate included suspects and possible recruits. It was situated in the National Security Institute in the Jihad district of Baghdad. The last Director of D3 was Brig. Mohammed Al Douri (Abu Nihad), from Dour, and the Assistant Director of D3 was Lt. Col. Subhi Ibrahim Al Jibouri, from Baiji/Al Siniya.

Subdivisions of D3.

    Mobile surveillance: Close pursuit of targets with vehicles.
    Foot surveillance
    Stationary surveillance: Surveillance of fixed premises from a house, a kiosk or a shop.

Directorate 14. Special Operations

The Special Operations [14th] Directorate, located in Salman Pak 20 km south-east of Baghdad, was one of the most important and largest in Mukhabarat. This directorate undertook the most secret and sensitive special operations outside the country. They were responsible for the attempted assassination against President Bush, and the assassination of Talib Al Suheil. It conducted joint operations with the Mujahideen Khalq Organisation, and undertook training of specially selected officers for this type of operation. The last Director was Brig Nouri Al Douri (Abu Ibrahim).

Directorate 18. Iran

This directorate was responsible for the Mujahideen Khalq Organisation (MKO). This directorate issued the orders and tasks for MKO operations in Iraq, Iran and other countries. The Director of D18 was Brig Ihsan Al Timmimi (Syed Ihsan), and the Assistant Director of D18 was Col Ali Bilal Hussein Al Dulaimi.

Directorate 21. Residency

This directorate, located in Karada district of Baghdad, was responsible for monitoring the residence permits of foreigners and Arabs in Iraq.

Directorate 23. Southern District

This directorate was responsible for Mukhabarat positions and operations in the south of Iraq. It was located in Basra. It was charged with following political events and infiltrating countries neighbouring southern Iraq.

Directorate 24. Northern District

This directorate was responsible for Mukhabarat positions and operations in northern Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan. Based in Mosul, with an office in Kirkuk, it was responsible for infiltrating the opposition in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Directorate 25. Western District

Located in Ramadi (past the Warar Bridge on the road to Baghdad), this important directorate was charged with operations and recruitment of agents in Syria and Jordan. It also co-ordinated smuggling and gun-running across these borders and co-operated with tribes on both sides of the border. The Director of D25 was Brig Jamal Amr Al Rawi.

Directorate 26. Eastern District

This directorate, based in Karbala, was responsible for operations in Karbala Governorate.

Directorate 28. Security of MIO

This directorate, located on Palestine Street in Baghdad, was charged with the security of all Military Industrialisation Organisation facilities. It was established after the defection of Hussein Kamil in August 1995. The Director of D28 was Col Abdel Hamid Khalifa Al Dulaimi.

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Page last modified: 28-07-2011 00:53:30 ZULU