Operation Red Dog / Bayou Of Pigs
In 1981 a group of American and Canadian white supremacists led by Klansman and mercenary, Michael (Mike) Perdue, planned to take over Dominica. The planned to overthrow the government of Prime Minister Eugenia Charles, and restore the previous prime minister, Patrick John [not Johns] into power. The group planned to create an Aryan paradise in Dominica and make money through casinos, cocaine and brothels.
Their leader was Mike Perdue, 32 years old, a truck driver living in Houston, TX, and a soldier-of-fortune-type who had been kicked out of the U.S. Marines. His lieutenant was a notorious Canadian Nazi named Wolfgang Droege. For two years, they traveled between New Orleans, Toronto, Houston, Las Vegas and the Caribbean, recruiting, courting investors, stockpiling weapons and planning their para-military assault. For they recruited fighting men and forged links with the mob, leftist revolutionaries and militant Rastafarians.
They called their invasion Operation Red Dog, and they were going to make millions. These Nazi and Klan mercenaries' planned to turn Dominica into a military training camp for mercenaries employed under the auspices of the Apartheid regime in South Africa at the time. Frederick Forsyth wrote in The Dogs of War: "Knocking off a bank or an armored truck is merely crude. Knocking off an entire republic has, I feel, a certain style.” This sounded like a sitcom version of The Dogs of War, after rewrites by V.S. Naipaul and Woody Allen. Even the feds joked about a "Bayou of Pigs.
On 20 September 1980, according to an indictment handed up in Louisiana, that Mr. John signed a contract with Perdue, who was to execute the plan. On 23 February 1981, Perdue approached Michael S. Howell, who operates a 52-foot charter boat from New Orleans, the Manana, and asked him to take a group of mercenaries to invade Dominica. "This guy said he was with the CIA," Mr. Howell said in an interview. . Howell introduced Perdue to John L. Osburg, an agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, posing as a crew member.
Ten of the mercenaries were arrested on a Louisiana beach on 27 April 1981 as they prepared to sail to Dominica. Weapons was seized along with a Confederate flag. Seven of the men pleaded guilty to charges of attempting to overthrow a foreign government. All were said to have ties to the Ku Klux Klan or the neo-Nazi movement. Three others went to trial. Two of them, Stephen Black and Joe Danny Hawkins of Mississippi, were convicted and a third reputed member of the mercenary force was acquitted.
Grand Wizard for the Ku Klux Klan Don Black, who later founded the white supremacist neo-Nazi website Stormfront, was charged along with two other Klansmen with planning to violently overthrow Dominica. Perdue pled guilty to planning the coup and turned state’s evidence. Perdue testified that several other people helped organize and fund the coup. Among those Perdue implicated were infamous white supremacist, David Duke, former Texas Governor John Connally and Congressman Ron Paul, whom he claimed knew about the plot. Several books pointed to Duke as the organizer who connected Perdue to the other mercenary Klansmen and the people who funded their endeavor.
Of the more than 20 arrested, and later tried and convicted, were Army Commander Major Fred Newton, three Army officers, and two civilians, one of which was Dennis Joseph, a former manager of the Dominican broadcasting service. Included in that count were people from Canada and the United States. The 99-member army was dissolved.
Patrick John's forces from the then disbanded Dominica Defence Force struck Dominica a second time on 19 December 1981 by trying to get prisoner John out of the Roseau jail. A dozen gunmen stormed police headquarters and the main prison today in an unsuccessful coup attempt that left three people dead and nine wounded in this Caribbean island nation. The former head of the army was arrested after the attacks, which were mounted to seize stockpiled arms at the police station and free a former Prime Minister from prison. The attacks appeared to be a repetition of the attempt last spring to overthrow the Government by an alliance of Dominican soldiers, American mercenaries and members of the Rastafarian sect. The assault force of a dozen men fought its way into the police station but was unable to open the doors of the armory housing the weapons and ammunition of the army, which was disbanded in 1980 by Prime Minister Charles.
Former Prime Minister of Dominica, Patrick John was arrested and accused of conspiring to overthrow the Charles government. A Dominican court acquitted the former prime minister the following year; the government, however, successfully appealed the decision to the Eastern Caribbean States Supreme Court, which ordered John to stand trial again. After the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London rejected John's appeal in October 1985, aDominican court convicted John of treason and sentenced him to twelve years in prison.
In August 1986, Air Force commander Frederick Newton was sentenced to death by hanging for his participation in a plot to topple the conservative government in 1981. Former Prime Minister Patrick John and Michael Reid, captain of the Defense Forces, were found guilty of similar charges, and of involvement in a minor Ku Klux Klan conspiracy. They were sentenced to 12 years in prison.
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