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Intelligence

FM 34-54: Battlefield Technical Intelligence

APPENDIX E

REPORTS

INTRODUCTION

There are six basic reports that battlefield TECHINT analysts use. They are--

    º SALUTE report.
    º Preliminary technical report (PRETECHREP).
    º Complementary technical report (COMTECHREP).
    º Detailed technical report (DETECHREP).
    º Translation report.
    º Special technical report.

This appendix provides a brief description and a sample report format for the SALUTE report, PRETECHREP, and types A and B of the COMTECHREP. It summarizes the DETECHREP, translation report, and special technical report and gives a breakdown of the essential items for each of these reports.

Special reports that TECHINT analysts need to know about also are described and a list of the types of reports the S&TI community produces is provided.

SALUTE REPORT

The SALUTE report is an oral or written report prepared by the acquiring units or intermediate command echelons. It is used to report rapidly, by electrical or other means, the acquisition of foreign materiel. These reports are forwarded through intelligence channels to the CMEC. Corps may use this report as a basis for the dispatch of TECHINT teams if none is in the acquisition area. Figure E-1 lists the minimum items needed to complete a SALUTE report.

PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL REPORT

Corps TECHINT teams prepare a PRETECHREP on all captured foreign materiel after preliminary screening. This report is transmitted by the quickest means through intelligence channels.

The PRETECHREP contains a general description of the equipment. It alerts tactical units to significant technical information of immediate tactical importance. It can also be used by the TECHINT teams for reporting inventories at collection points through intelligence channels so that location, quantities, and type of equipment can be monitored. An example of a PRETECHREP is at Figure E-2.

COMPLEMENTARY TECHNICAL REPORT

The COMECHREP (types A, B, and C) is prepared by TECHINT teams operating in a corps area in support of corps elements. The COMTECHREP is submitted after complementary examination. It supplements information given in the PRETECHREP.

COMPLEMENTARY TECHNICAL REPORT - TYPE A

The COMTECHREP A is provided to Air Force TECHINT. Air Force teams usually are not on the scene of captured or downed enemy aircraft before destruction, recapture, or loss. Army TECHINT personnel, usually the first persons on the scene, will examine the materiel and submit a COMTECHREP Type A. This report often constitutes the only information that can be provided to Air Force TECHINT. If enemy naval materiel is acquired, Type A report format can be modified for reporting such acquisition. (See Figure E-3.)

COMPLEMENTARY TECHNICAL REPORT TYPE B

The COMTECHREP Type B is used to report information about explosive ordnance. TECHINT team prepare these reports; as do EOD personnel. However, EOD personnel only prepare them in the absence of a TECHINT team or when requested by G2s or their representatives. This report must be as complete and detailed as possible. EOD personnel prepare and send this report by the fastest means through the EOD control unit to the TECHINT unit as soon as the initial examination is completed.

The rule of thumb is to complete all of the items in the report that you have information for and to strive for the most complete report possible. However, when a detailed report might result in serious delay and the report is of significant or new items of extreme urgency, complete only paragraphs A-E, L(l), Y and AA of priority message.

Additional paragraphs of particular importance, for example, those referring to safety (U) or design (M) may be included at the originator's discretion. Paragraph AA should state an estimate of the time required for a detailed report to be completed. The format for a Type B COMTECHREP is at COMTECHREP Type B in the initial Figure E-4.

COMPLEMENTARY TECHNICAL REPORT TYPE C

The COMTECHREP Type C is used to report items not reported under COMTECHREP Types A and B. COMTECHREP Type C is submitted within 72 hours after an item of captured equipment, not covered under Type A and B, is acquired. (See Figures E-5.)

DETAILD TECHNICAL REPORT

The DETECHREP is usually prepared by the CMEC. It is prepared and submitted by the proper authority or specialist team after detailed initial exploitation of captured equipment or materiel is completed. This exploitation takes place in the rear area. This report has no set format. The flag word "DETECHREP" should be used as the report identifier, and must include data identifying CEE and its disposition.

TRANSLATION REPORT

The translation report is prepared on all captured documents that might answer the command's PIR and IR. Prisoner of war interrogation (IPW) units normally prepare translation reports.

SPECIAL TECHNICAL REPORT

The special technical report is used by the EACIC to provide input to studies and plans for the G2. It contains special information on items of significant intelligence interest. No format is prescribed; the content is governed by the nature of the TECHINT desired by EACIC.

OTHER REPORTS

Other intelligence reports may be submitted in advance, but not in lieu of the reports listed above. (See FM 34-3).

Other documents prepared by TECHINT analysts are--

    º Operator manuals.
    º Maintenance manuals.
    º TECHINT Bulletins.
    º Tactical User Bulletins.
    º Summaries and vulnerability assessments.

Operator and maintenance manuals have standard formats similar to the Army series 10 or 20 manuals.

A TECHINT Bulletin is a short, descriptive report on a particular piece of equipment for the specific purpose of disseminating technical information. It may be prepared from field exploitations and document research.

A Tactical Use Bulletin is a short description of how an average soldier can operate a single piece of equipment, such as all individual weapon or a cargo truck, to enhance unit missions. Tactical User Bulletins will not normally be produced on more complicated systems such as integrated weapon systems requiring special training.

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE REPORTS

The following is a list of S&TI reports that are produced on a recurring basis as a result of strategic exploitations and studies. (The organization that produces the report is shown in parentheses after the report name.)

    º Medical capabilities studies (DIA).
    º Disease occurrence worldwide (DIA).
    º S&TI analysis bulletins (FSTC).
    º FTD weekly aerospace systems report (FTD).
    º ITAC intelligence note.
    º AFMIC weekly wire.
    º AFMIC foreign medical materiel report.
    º MSIC collateral weekly wire.
    º Foreign materiel collection requirement status report (FSTC).
    º S&TI register (STIR) (DIA).
    º Index of approved S&TI tasks (STARDEX) (DIA).
    º Catalog of approved S&TI tasks (CAST) (DIA).
    º Summary of Army FMEP activities (FSTC).
    º Foreign materiel exploitation report (limited distribution, results of real-world exploitation projects) (FSTC).
    º Foreign materiel catalog (DIA).
    º Various DIA, FSTC, and S&TI studies, reports, handbooks, and special purpose documents.

OTHER DISSEMINATE MEANS

Another form of dissemination is foreign materiel training through displays, briefings, and foreign materiel familiarization. This is done in both peacetime wartime. In peacetime, it is accomplished as part of the Opposing Force (OPROR) Program, as established by AR 350-2. Its four principal objectives are:

    º Develop an appreciation of the capabilities, strengths, and weaknesses of the combat doctrine, tactics, equipment, and organization of potential adversary armed forces.
    º Develop a sense of purpose in training by focusing on potential rather than fictional adversaries.
    º Provide realistic field training through operations against a noncooperative Threat using the tactics and, when possible, the equipment of potential adversary armed forces.
    º Improve and expand unit combined arms, intelligence, EW, CI, operations security (OPSEC), battlefield deception, and defense against unconventional warfare capabilities.

The foreign materiel training portion of the Threat program pertains to the acquisition and distribution of, and familiarization training on, foreign equipment. Headquarters INSCOM is responsible for managing this part of the program. Along with user units and major commands, the INSOX foreign materiel activity at Aberdeen Proving Ground, is INSCOM's action agent for the execution of these responsibilities.

The foreign materiel training program trains TECHINT teams in dissemination methods that could be realistically accomplished in a theater during active hostilities.

Division and corps G2 OPFOR cadres are trained at Aberdeen Proving Ground. They become knowledgeable on the operation and technical characteristics of foreign weapons and vehicles. TECHINT exploitation worldwide provides the equipment to support this program. When these cadres return to their units, they use this knowledge to design the training that becomes part of their overall Threat program.

In wartime, TECHINT training teams and detachments provide in-theater familiarization training to arriving and frontline units when they are pulled to the rear for rest and refit. Also, they form a ready pool of trained replacements or augmentees for existing TECHINT units upon mobilization or at the start of an actual conflict.

These training elements provide up-to-date training on known and suspected enemy weapon systems by virtue of their being part of the theater TECHINT unit. Daily TECHINT analysis is used in this training. These data are also an important part of any regeneration effort to turn captured equipment around for use by US or other friendly forces or for developing effective countermeasures.



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