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Intelligence

FM 34-43: Multiservice Procedures for Requesting Reconnaissance Information in a Joint Environment

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

RECCE-J
Multiservice Procedures for
Requesting Reconnaissance Information
in a Joint Environment

To conduct joint military operations, commanders at all levels, from each of the services, need information and reconnaissance support to fulfill intelligence requirements. Well-articulated requirements ensure the intelligence and reconnaissance products satisfy needs and preclude the necessity for requesting additional information to meet unfulfilled requirements. The rapid tempo of combat operations demands products and information be disseminated in sufficient time to be useful to the commander.

This publication educates the user on "what" and "how" to ask for reconnaissance support, and familiarizes the user with reconnaissance products to ensure the product received fulfills user intelligence requirements. It reviews reconnaissance disciplines and limitations and acts as a step-by-step guide for requesting reconnaissance information. Discussions of platform, system, or sensor-specific capabilities are classified and outside the scope of this publication. A number of publications provide more specific information on reconnaissance systems, sensors, or platforms. Unit intelligence or collection management staffs can provide further information on these publications.

The publication is organized using a building-block approach. The first chapter gives an orientation and explains general concepts. The succeeding chapters describe reconnaissance products, request procedures, and the request flow process. The appendices offer a more in-depth discussion of reconnaissance products and command architecture, including detailed instructions and procedures for preparing mission-specific request formats.

Reconnaissance Overview

Chapter I describes reconnaissance, intelligence, and combat information. It defines collection disciplines, explains the intelligence cycle, and introduces the four categories of reconnaissance (visual, imagery, electronic, and weather).

Reconnaissance Products

Chapter II explains the relationship between reconnaissance categories and the kinds of products generated by reconnaissance. It illustrates and explains common reconnaissance-related reports.

Reconnaissance Request Formats

Chapter III explains the user's role and responsibilities in the reconnaissance request process. It establishes the US Message Text Format (USMTF) Request for Information (RI) as the default request format and reviews key reconnaissance terms, outlines fundamental reconnaissance concepts, and provides step-by-step instructions for completing the RI.

Reconnaissance Request Flow

Chapter IV describes the responsibilities of the major players in the reconnaissance process. It graphically and textually illustrates the request flow process and the various service command structures that handle and act on requests.

Reconnaissance: Categories, Capabilities, and Limitations

Appendix A provides an expanded discussion of reconnaissance categories. It explains the capabilities and limitations of reconnaissance products with text and graphics. A "sensor/ intelligence matrix" which offers an organized, easy-to-read ready reference to reconnaissance products (including generic advantages, disadvantages, and timeliness of each sensor-product pair) is also included.

Joint Intelligence Support

Appendix B provides an in-depth description of joint force intelligence architecture and the responsibilities of the major players in the process.

Additional Reconnaissance Request Formats

Appendix C provides detailed, step-by-step instructions for preparing the USMTF air support request (AIRSUPREQ) record-copy message and air request reconnaissance (AIRREQRECON) voice message for reconnaissance requests.

US Coast Guard Reconnaissance Resources

Appendix D provides commanders, planners, and users of reconnaissance in joint operations with a general overview of US Coast Guard (USCG) aviation assets that may have potential for reconnaissance collection applications.



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