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Intelligence

FM 34-43: Multiservice Procedures for Requesting Reconnaissance Information in a Joint Environment

Appendix B

JOINT INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT

1. JOINT INTELLIGENCE ARCHITECTURE

a. Overview.

    (1) The joint intelligence architecture interconnects collectors, producers, and customers in an information network. It is a dynamic, flexible structure providing global access to information from all intelligence sources at all echelons. All intelligence made available to the network from any source is stored and communicated as data (whether it is a text file, graphics, imagery, or formatted information). The data is stored on a standards-compliant file server. The file server is the interface with the communications network.

    (2) The joint intelligence architecture facilitates the support of the JFC and subordinate joint force components by the Defense Intelligence Community and integrates any required support from non-defense agencies and nongovernmental organizations. The joint intelligence architecture is configured to provide the baseline data needed by the JFCs to support joint operations. It establishes a common means to provide theater and tactical commanders with the full range of intelligence required for operations.

b. Organization.

Although the joint architecture provides infrastructure for intelligence support it is not solely hierarchical. Figure B-1 shows the formal command and control relationships that exist to facilitate RI management and optimize complementary intelligence functions. These are configured by echelon, but do not obstruct the timely flow of critical intelligence up, down, or laterally. The national agencies maintain systems and organizations which respond directly and provide intelligence to any echelon for time-sensitive reporting (such as the TRAP broadcast). The formal flow for intelligence up and down echelons is through the National Military Joint Intelligence Center (NMJIC).

2. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

All Intelligence Organizations. Within the context of the J-2's concept of operations, all intelligence organizations involved in support of operations have certain common responsibilities. These include--

a. Providing intelligence to the J-2 for identification and nomination of military objectives. The objectives and the combatant commander's strategy to achieve these objectives focus intelligence information requirements and intelligence operations to provide required intelligence products to users.

b. Identifying at each echelon intelligence requirements that cannot be met by their organic capability.

c. Operating on the basis of sharing intelligence resources, expertise, and intelligence products. A command or intelligence organization will rarely be able to depend entirely upon its own capabilities to collect and produce all the necessary intelligence. Thus, the whole community of intelligence organizations share their capabilities and products to mutually support joint operations.

3. JOINT FORCE COMMANDER

a. Duties.

The commander assigning missions and responsibilities, with the J-2, is ultimately responsible for ensuring the necessary intelligence support to forces within the assigned area of responsibility. This command responsibility may include acquiring intelligence for tactical commands and forces that are developing, planning, and conducting operations. Tactical commanders and force elements may not have the lead-time, perspective, or authority to identify and obtain necessary tactical or combat intelligence.

b. Responsibilities.

The JFC, with the J-2 is responsible for--

(1) Identifying essential elements of essential elements of information (EEIs).

(2) Providing the intelligence staff, all-source watch teams, and supporting intelligence organizations with a clear understanding of friendly objectives, intent, plans, and of the unfolding conduct of joint operations.

(3) Prioritizing intelligence and information requirements.

(4) Assigning intelligence resources.

(5) Tasking collection and production.

4. JOINT FORCE J-2

a. Duties.

The J-2 directly supports the commander's responsibilities for determining and directing operations against an enemy and for evaluating the effects of operations. The J-2 should develop intelligence estimates of the enemy and the situation. He should help the commander understand the enemy's intent, concept of the situation, and his decisionmaking process. The J-2 analyzes the situation and provides assessments of friendly opportunities and the enemy threat.

b. Responsibilities.

The J-2 is specifically responsible for--

(1) Overall direction of the command's intelligence staff and the Joint Intelligence Center.

(2) Apprising the commander of intelligence capabilities and limitations and the potential effects on operations.

(3) Helping the JFC develop and refine his estimate of the situation, and, concurrently, developing and refining the intelligence estimate.

(4) Helping the JFC identify relevant and attainable objectives.

(5) Helping the JFC identify deception objectives.

(6) Helping the JFC plan and execute force protection measures.

(7) Identifying enemy essential elements of friendly information (EEFI).

(8) Prescribing security of intelligence information.

(9) Helping the JFC provide the intelligence staff, all-source watch teams, and supporting intelligence organizations with a clear understanding of friendly objectives, intent, plans, and the unfolding conduct of joint operations.

(10) Helping the JFC translate his mission, estimate of the situation, and objectives into intelligence and information requirements.

(11) "Sanitizing" intelligence collected from sensitive sources; that is, converting it into a format and classification level that allows widest dissemination of valuable intelligence to operational users.

(12) Validating intelligence information requirements of subordinate and supporting commands, and providing these commands with the intelligence products they need to carry out their missions.

(13) Helping the JFC prioritize intelligence information requirements.

(14) Developing intelligence plans. With respect to the commander's operation and contingency plans, the J-2 should--

(a) Develop and refine the threat assessment.

(b) Lay out a game plan (in the intelligence annex, see Appendix B) detailing how he plans to provide the intelligence support needed to--determine operating objectives; identify deception objectives; conduct operations; and analyze the effects of operations. This intelligence concept should--

    • Identify potentially useful intelligence-related systems and personnel, regardless of prior location or subordination. Identify required interoperability.

    • Spell out command relationships, tasking authorities, and reporting responsibilities.

    • Detail procedures for developing intelligence for subordinate commands and forces; obtaining intelligence from national organizations through DIA (Joint Staff J-2); obtaining maps, charts, and other geodetic and geographic intelligence support; obtaining intelligence-related communications support and developing concept(s) of intelligence operations which provide for continuity of support if communications are severely stressed or temporarily lost.

(15) Devise, for the mix of intelligence personnel, systems, concepts and procedures identified in the intelligence annex of each of the CINC's operations and concept plans, an exercise-gaming, simulation, and modeling plan to evaluate readiness and executability under conditions approximating wartime stress.

(16) Evaluate other parts of the operations and concept plans; that is, assumptions, planned air, ground, naval, and space operations; planned psychological operations; planned special operations; and deception plans. Review everything in light of what we know about the enemy's cognitive model (e.g., does this make sense when viewed through the enemy's eyes?).

(17) Provide feedback to other joint staff elements.

c. Intelligence Communications Requirements.

The J-2 should ensure the intelligence communications requirements are fully reflected in the command's communications architecture. Coordinate the intelligence communication architecture with the J-6 for an assessment of its capacity and connective supportability.

d. Ensure Interoperability.

The J-2 should use the Theater Intelligence Architecture Program, service planning and programming documents, and requirements statements to identify critical deficiencies in existing intelligence support capabilities. Validate the need for an intelligence capability and the necessity (or lack thereof) for interoperability between the new intelligence-related system(s) and existing systems and between intelligence-related systems and C3 systems.

5. COMPONENT COMMAND INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONS

Responsibilities.

The intelligence responsibilities of the service component commands' intelligence organizations include the following:

a. Aiding commanders in identifying and nominating the service components' objectives.

b. Sharing resources and capabilities with all joint force elements as needed in furtherance of the joint missions. Resources and capabilities include data bases, intelligence collection, and production.

c. Requesting required intelligence from other organizations and agencies through the J-2.

d. Assigning organic intelligence resources to optimally meet the service component's intelligence needs, and at the same time support other components of the joint force to the extent possible.



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