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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


R-12 / SS-4 SANDAL

Specifications
DIA   SS-4   SS-4
NATO   Sandal   Sandal
Bilateral   R-12   R-12U
Service   R-12   R-12U (Dvina)
OKB/Industry   8K63   8K63U (Acad. M. K. Yangel)
Design Bureau   OKB-586   OKB-586
Approved   8/13/1955   5/30/1960
Years of R&D        
Engineering and Testing   1957-1959   1961-1963
First Flight Test   6/22/57   12/30/1961
IOC   1959   1963
Deployment Date   3/4/1959   5/30/63
Type of Warhead   Single   Single
Warheads   1   1
Yield (Mt)   1-1.3 / 2-2.3   1-1.3 / 2-2.3
Payload (t)   1.3 -1.4 / 1.63   1.3 -1.4 / 1.63
Total length (m)   22.1 - 22.77   22.1 - 22.77
Total length w/o
Warhead (m)
  18.4 -18.6   18.6
Missile Diameter (m)   1.65   1.65
Launch Weight (t)   41.7 - 42.2   41.7 - 42.2
Fuel Weight (t)   37   37
Range (km)   2,080 (2,000)   2,080 (1,800 - 2,000)
CEP (m) (Russian Sources)   5,000   5,000
CEP (m) Western Sources   1500-3000   1500-3000
 
Basing mode   Ground based   Ground and silo based

Number of Stages   1
Booster guidance system   Inertial, autonomous
Engine Designation   RD-214
Design Bureau   Glushko, OKB-456
Years of R & D   1955-1957
Propellants   Liquid Storable
Fuel   Tm-185 92%hydrocarbon/kerosene
Oxidizer   AK-27 I =73% HNO3 + 27%N204 (NTO), Nitrogen Tetroxide concentrated in Nitric Acid
Burning time (sec.)   140
Thrust Sea Level/Vacuum (Tonnes)   64.75 / 74.44 operational 72.00
Specific Impulse Sea Level/Vacuum (sec.)   230 / 264
Canister length (m)   N/A
Canister Diameter (m)   N/A
Launching Mode   Hot Launched
Deployed boosters   0
Test Boosters    
Warheads Deployed   0
Deployment Sites   INF Treaty data
Training Launchers    
Space Booster Variant   SL-7 / B-1 Interkosmos booster




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