The Navy of Ukraine is designated to defeat enemy forces and infrastructure and assist the Ground Forces in conducting operations in littoral regions. The Navy consists of the following branches: Surface Forces, Subma-rine Forces, Naval Aviation, Coastal Missile-Artillery Troops, Marines, as well as special formations and units, logistic and medical support units and military educational and scientific establishments. The main purpose of the Navy reform and development is the establishment of mission ready, structurally balanced component of the Armed Forces, equipped with state-of-the-art naval weapons, capable of accomplishing missions in assigned operational areas independently and jointly with other armed forces branches.
Maritime Border formations and units will be transferred to the Navy. And consequently the mission of maintaining Ukrainian border integrity at sea and protection of its exclusive (economic) area will belong to the Navy.
Today's Ukrainian Navy is still in the process of formation, but they can already perform many kinds of combat operations. They have proved this by participating in mutual peacekeeping operations with NATO and other navies. As is necessary for a modern state, Ukraine has all the navy branches: surface and submarine forces; coastal defence troops; marine corps; Special forces and support units. The Ukrainian Navy has about 100 ships off different types. Ukrainian naval bases are : Odessa; Ochakov; Chernomorskoe; Novoozernii and Feodosiya. The main base of the Ukrainian Navy is Sevastopol.
In peace time, the Navy performs the mission of maintaining combat readiness and combat watch, coast guard and defense of an exlusive economic zone and fighting against terrorism at sea. They also take part in peacekeeping operations together with navies from other countries by UN mandate;
Naval Patrol Ship 112 became the first ship of the Ukrainian Navy and on July 20, 1992, it gallantly sailed from Donuzlav to Odessa. On July 28, 1992, the Ukrainian naval ensign was hoisted on the command-and-control ship "Slavutych", which had just been built at the Mykolaiv shipyards. In April 1993 the Ukrainian Navy received an amphiboius landing ship (air-cushioned) "Donetsk". In June of 1993 a small antisubmarine ship (corvette) "Lutsk" was launched and began shipyard trials. And in July the Ukrainian naval ensign was hoisted on the patrol ship (frigate) "Hetman Sahaidachnyi". Simultaneously with establishing strong surface force, the Ukrainian Navy had been establishing and developing the coastal defense and shore units, naval infantry (marines) and naval air units. Some of those assets had been transferred to the Ukrainian Navy according to the agreements on the Black Sea Fleet.
Today the Ukrainian Navy is an integral structural component of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The Ukrainian Navy consists of groups and divisions of surface naval warfare, aviation and coastal units, command and control, support and logistics. The crucial missions to support the established status quo naval regime in the Black Sea are carried out by the Western and Northern Maritime Regions of the Ukrainian Navy. Ukrainian naval aviators are all ready to execute missions round the clock under all-weather conditions. Ukrainian naval surface force sailors represent our country with dignity and honor in foreign nations around the world during long patrols, friendly port calls and multinational naval excercises. The high level of readiness is maintained by the coastal artillery and missile units of the Ukrainian Navy.
Sebastopol Navy Institute was established on the base of two Sebastopol Naval Colleges in accordance with the order of Defence Minister of Ukrain N133,25.07.92 and Resolution of Ministers Cabinet of Ukraine N 490 ,19.08.92. The main goal of Navy Institute is to provide for the citizens of Ukraine and other countries the availabelity of getting the high education according to state level requirement set up by the low "About education".
The main tasks of Navy Institute are: organizing the enlightenment activity including teaching, nurturing, scientific, methodical and cultural work harmonical developing of personalities of student and naval cadets; constant increasing the level of training due to inculcation of advanced technologies, educational methods; organizing and condacting the researches to solve the military and economy problems and to develop officer's training; training the students for scietific activity on their own; training the faculty,developing their proficiency, conducting the refresher training for high educated military specialist; logistic, maintenance and methodical service for training.
Sebastopol Navy Institute provides the training for different skill profiency levels that makes the Institute the center of specialized skill proficiency training for Navy of Ukraine.
The Government has reviewed the conceptual documents of materiel development of the Armed Forces for the long term, and adopted the program to create a multifunctional missile system and the construction of ship class “Corvette” for the Naval Force1. The solemn naming ceremony of the first ship “Volodymyr Velykyj” was conducted with the participation of the President of Ukraine on 17 May 2011. During the year 2011 the technical readiness of 5 ships was ensured (command ship “Slavutych”, missile corvette “Prydniprovya”, anti-submarine corvette “Ternopil”, medium landing ship “Kirovograd”, rescue tug boat “Kremenec”). The repair of the submarine “Zaporizhzhia” continued.
Ukraine’s only submarine, the Zaporozhye, underwent first-stage sea trials including running submerged on 19 July 2012 after undergoing a major refit. The boat was submerged in the Black Sea for the first time in 18 years during the trial, Fleet Commander Vice Admiral Yury Ilyin said. Surface tests of the submarine’s power plant and other key equipment were held in April. A Soviet-era Foxtrot class (Project 641) diesel-electric submarine, Zaporozhye was laid up at a dock in Sevastopol for years before its refit. Russian engineers repaired and serviced the submarine and a new crew of Ukrainian submariners was trained at Russian naval bases. Though the submarine was built 40 years ago, it has been upgraded with new equipment. Russia, Bulgaria, and Romania also have submarines based in the Black Sea.
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