A new Marines Brigade was to be formed on the basis of the 1st Feodosia Marines Battalion. By one report, the brigade of Ukrainian marines was evacuated by sea after their Black Sea naval base at Feodosiya was overrun by Russian forces on 24 March 2014. The Defense Ministry would not reveal their new location. But according to media reports the brigade had been moved to a southeastern base in the Henichesk region, on the Ukrainian mainland adjacent to Crimea. ??
Maj. Gen. Olexander Rozmaznin, Chief of Central Command Center of Armed Forces of Ukraine, spoke 24 March 2014 about it in the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. “First battalion is the basis for the future best brigade of black berets in our Armed Forces,” he said. According to Maj. Gen. Olexander Rozmaznin, several black berets were injured. Unit commander and his deputy were captured. “We try to free our officers and we hope we’ll talk with them as soon as possible,” he informed.
The status of the Ukrainian Naval Infantry was uncertain afater Crimea and Sevastopol officially joined Russia when President Putin signed a final decree 21 March 2014. All military installations in the Crimea had moved to Russian jurisdiction, and all Ukrainian troops had left the peninsula, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Crimea, Rustam Temirgaliev decladred 24 March 2014, after the base of the Ukraine’s marines in Feodosia, a port and resort city in Crimea, was taken under control by "self-defense squads".
The capture took place early in the morning and the operation lasted for about an hour. The base remained sealed off. The squads reportedly entered the base after two armored infantry vehicles broke the perimeter, then used stun grenades to force up to 80 Ukrainian marines to surrender. No information about casualties or injured was initially available. A day before the commander of the base, Captain Aleksandr Lantukh, declared the marines were willing to leave the base only if they were allowed to take their weapons and military vehicles with them.
The Marine Infantry of Ukraine [Morskaya Pehota Ukrainyi] was a separate battalion of troops coastal defense ZSU Naval Forces of Ukraine and a member of the United rapid reaction force to the point of dislocation in the city of Feodosia. It is no secret that creating Ukrainian Marines was helped by the whole country. Substantial financial assistance to the Marines provided the leaders of district and city councils in Ternopol, Lvov, Kiev and other Ukrainian cities.
The main overall objectives of the Marine Corps are the steps to capture the points-based Navy, ports, islands, some parts of the coast of the enemy. If the bulk of troops are units of land forces, Marines land in front-line to capture the points and stations on the coast and provide them landing on the main body. In the battalion of marines of Ukraine, problems are somewhat different from the common challenges of marines, their priority is to peacekeeping and the fight against terrorist groups, conduct military operations on its territory, to repel aggression by the enemy. The weapons of the Marines basically consists of a floating military equipment, portable anti-tank and air defense systems and automatic weapons.
The day of creation of the modern Marine Corps Ukraine can be considered Feb. 22, 1992, when in Sevastopol the 880th Otdelny Battalion under the command of Major Vitaly Rozhmanova took the oath of allegiance to the Ukrainian people. By the way, sergeants and sailors, calling the service of the Russian Federation, remained in the battalion, and signed a statement of desire to promote military service in Ukrainian. At the same time a decree of the Minister of Defence was given for the enrollment of the 880th separate battalion of Marines in the Armed Forces of Ukraine. However, the command of the Black Sea Fleet in Moscow did everything to prevent the transfer of Marines to the jurisdiction of Ukraine. The battalion commander and his deputy were dismissed from their positions, the battalion disbanded and the personnel transferred to other military units.
On July 1, 1993, after the establishment of the Naval Forces of Ukraine, the 1st Separate Battalion of Marines was formed at Sevastopol. This enrolled in the best officers of the Black Sea Fleet, who wanted to serve his motherland. They brought with them the spirit and traditions unique to this type of elite troops. In order to separate the 1st Battalion of the Marines as soon as possible as a combat-ready unit, the personnel of military service were taken from soldiers and sergeants of airmobile troops. Volunteers were given psychological tests, the physical qualities of the candidates in the Marines and their moral qualities were tested, along with the state of military discipline. The high requirements for the selection of recruits for service in the Marine Corps remain today.
On September 1, 1993, the 41st Separate Marines Battalion was formed. On 20 September, according to directive of the Chief of General Staff of Ukrainian Armed Forces, it was under the management of 4th separate brigade MP Naval Forces of Ukraine. From 1995 to 1999 4 OBrMP was a member of the National Guard of Ukraine (NSU - disbanded in December 1999). Currently, separate battalion of marines, Feodosia (only) Naval Forces of Ukraine is part of the Coastal Defence Forces Naval Forces of Ukraine ZSU.
The Ukrainian Navy’s Naval Infantry Battalion received a NATO Interoperability Certificate on 16 November 2012. The 3-year certificate, which would allow the battalion to take part in NATO-led operations, was the result of a 4-year effort of training and preparation.
Plans were underway to establish two naval infantry brigades.
The Order of the Minister of Defence #109 dated May 25, 1993 put into effect the provisions on cockade and sleeve Signs of marines and management of coastal defense troops of the Naval Forces of Ukraine ", which regulated patterns of differences and how they wear in these parts. The combination of crimson on a black background in heraldry denotes a symbol of power, emphasizes rigid centralism. Moreover, the combination of these colors in the history of the fleet used to define the Navy shore structures. In the history of Russia and the Cossacks crimson color - the color of combat squadrons. Patches for determining the individual units are worn on the left sleeve of dress and undress at a distance of 10 cm from the edge of shoulder strap is strictly in the center, but on the field uniform - on the left sleeve patch pockets.
|Sleeve mark symbolism|
|Staff of the separate brigade of Marines||ShtOBrMP||crimson and blue arrows (symbolizing strikes)|
|1st Separate Battalion Marines||1 st OBMP||wolf's head (symbolizing strength and agility)|
|2nd Separate Battalion Marines||2-nd OBMP||Lion|
|Separate landing-assault battalion||ODSHB||falcon, holding in the claws of lightning (the symbol of mobility)|
|Separate Reconnaissance Battalion||ORB||sword and bat wings|
|1st Separate self-propelled artillery battalion||1 st OSAD||Crossbow|
|2-nd separate self-propelled artillery battalion||2-nd OSAD||halberd|
|Separate air defense missile battalion||OZRD||falcon in sight|
|Separate Engineering Battalion Landing||OIDB||Crab Claw|
- Managing Battalion
- 1st MP Company
- 2nd MP Company
- reinforced grenade platoon (AGS-17),
- air assault company,
- mortar battery,
- reconnaissance platoon.
Equipment and armament Marine Corps Ukraine
- Floating Armored Transporters: 40 pcs. BTR-80
- Mortars: 6 pcs. 2S12
- Grenade Launchers: 6 pcs. AGS-17
- Firearms: AKS-74 AKS-74U, PKM, SVD, RPG-7D, SE-25, MP.
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