Project 1244.1 Novik
The Novik multipurpose patrol ship (SKR) is designed to perform patrol missions, search for and kill enemy submarines, escort naval ships, and defend coastlines. Very few of the parameters of the tactical and technical characteristics are known. Russian sources suggest that the length is 100 meters and displacement is 3,000 tons, while Western sources provide other estimates. The ship will be armed with an artillery system, antisubmarine weapons and sonar system, electronic equipment, and antiaircraft weapons. The Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau began design work on this class in the late 1980s, intended as a less expensive alternative to the somewhat larger Neustrashimyy (Project 1154.0) class multirole frigates that could be produced in sufficient numbers to maintain Russian fleet force levels.
Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, the need for domestic Russian production of components for the design made it necessary to launch new production capacities in Russia. Work at the Kaliningrad-based Yantar Shipbuilding Plant on the Novik, the first ship of the class, reportedly ceased immediately after her ceremonial keel-laying on 26 July 1997, and as of early 1999 had apparently not been resumed [and may not be resumed]. It had been reported that the unfunded project had been canceled in January 1998 when the ship was only 4.5% complete. However, renewed funding for the project was reportedly included in the 2000 defense budget.
As of early 2004 the Yantar shipyard was building a training ship for the Russian Navy, constructed on the basis of R&D carried out for the Novik, a Project 1244.1 ship, the construction of which has been suspended pending a Russian government order. The training ship is scheduled to be commissioned by the Navy in 2008.
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