Project 1230.0 (Scorpion)
The missile boat of Project 1230.0 (Scorpion) was a new-generation ship which in late 1999 the St. Petersburg-based Central Maritime Design Office in St Petersburg said it would start building in the year 2000. Possible modifications included project 12300P - border patrol ship with landing pad, the project 12301 - version with ASM "Onyx", A-190, CICS "Sigma", the project 12301P - coast guard vessel, the project 12302 - version with ASM "Uranus". Its export was scheduled for 2002 - 2003. The Skorpion was intended to replace the renowned 1241 RE missile-carrying launch ("Tarantula-1" in NATO parlance), which has been exported to numerous countries in the past. It would use stealth technology that would help it elude radar. In terms of combat capabilities and performance characteristics, the missile boat of Project 1230.0 was claimed to surpass all missile boats and corvettes of a similar displacement.
This ship was the fourth generation (in the West as belonging to a class of small corvette) was created with the use of technology to reduce radar and thermal signature. According to chief designer CMDB "Diamond" Yuri Arsenyev, the development of missile boats was conducted in two main areas - strengthening the arms and improving navigability. To date, the "Scorpion" - the top of the evolution of this type of ships.
The Skorpion had a displacement of 470 tons. The Skorpion had a top speed of 40 knots and a range of 2,000 nautical miles. The boat was to feature many other innovations which would enhance the boat's survivability, habitability, and weapon control automation.
The new corvette had gunnery and missile systems that were unique to a ship of its class. The Skorpion was equipped with four vertical transport and launch pods with the Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, having a range of up to 300 km. These missiles, like those of the Moskit-E system, had no analogs in the world. Its main advantage was the speed of supersonic flight, which makes the missile demonstrated low vulnerability to enemy air defenses. "Yakhont" has a range of 300 kilometers, the warhead weight - 200 kg.
The boat was the world's first to be armed with a 100 mm A-190E lightweight gun mount, and two Kashtan-1 gunnery systems for self-defence against close-range attacks from anti-ship missiles or air power. For air defense in the near-zone, that is, at a distance of 6.5 kilometers, was the anti-aircraft missile and artillery system "Kashtan-1." The ship was equipped with an active three-axis radar total detection of surface and air targets "Positive-ME1." It can detect at a distance of 150 km, and maintain up to 50 targets simultaneously, provides a classification and issuance of dual targeting fire control systems.
Management was carried out missile firing radar "Harpoon-B" 3C-25E. The active channel the station uses a complex modulated signal, which has the ability, working surface layer, the envelope surface of the earth. Thus, the detection range, depending on the conditions radionablyudaemosti up to 250 km, and in the tests in the Indian Ocean, as told Yuri Arsenyev was obtained distance of 400 km. Thus, the "Scorpion" was the-horizon targeting capability on board, without using any external systems.
As for operations, the "Scorpion", according to Yuri Arsenyev, would be very economical. If cruising range missile boat the previous generation of "Lightning", having on board 104 tons of fuel, was 2,200 miles, the "Scorpion" with 64 tons of fuel had a power reserve of 2,500 miles when driving at economic speed of 12 knots. The boat has a combined power plant, consisting of two diesel engines for propulsion and navigation modes of the gas turbine GT-12, intended for release on the rate of interception. GTU-12 drives a ventilated waterjets, designed in CMDB "Almaz". It consists of a shell, which operates at high speed semisubmerged screw. To improve its seaworthiness, the boat was equipped with a set of automatically controlled interceptors capable of reducing rolling motions by a factor of 2 or 3 [other sources say the level of roll of the boat was reduced 5-fold].
In 2001, the ceremony of laying the first "Scorpion" missile gunboat of the new generation was performed on the stocks in Rybinsk Shipyard Joint Stock Company "Vympel". A similar corvette was also being designed for the Russian navy, but the prototype would be made a little later than the export equivalent. Construction was underway on the first hulls for this class, with the first Scorpion patrol craft was due for commissioning in 2003. Russia would like to build 12 of the fast patrol craft if funding continues was available. Later the plan was to build the first boat in 2005, and then to construct a series for the Russian Navy - 10 FPS for the Russian Federation - 10 to 30 boats for sale in the Asia-Pacific and other areas. It was hoped that Russian Navy orders for the Scorpion Project 1230.0 475-ton fast patrol craft would signal a recovery for domestic naval business. Unfortunately, the project "stalled", even the first unit missile gunboat was not completed.
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