The K1 ARV operated by a crew of four is equipped with the latest recovery equipment. Its advanced crane, winch and dozer systems allow it to perform damaged vehicle recovery missions, and to provide maintenance service for armoured vehicles. The K1 ARV uses common components of the K1 MBT to the maximum extent which provides for effective maintenance and logistic support. It has the same mobility performances to keep up with the K1 main battle tanks so that overturned or partly destroyed armored vehicle can be rapidly recovered or towed to the maintenance units.
The K1 Armored Recovery Vehicles was developed from 1989 to 1992 with technical support of German Kruff Mak maschinbau Gmbh in recovering system, and wasn deployed in 1993.
The K1 ARV, using the same 1,200 horsepower diesel engine and transmission, has the same mobility as the K1 MBT. With a combat weight of 52 tonnes, its regulated maximum forward speed on paved level surfaces is 65km/h ; its cross country speed is 40km/h.
The K1 ARV can travel 600km without refueling. Its outstanding cross-country mobility is represented by the following specifics : capability of climbing gradient of 60%, trench crossing ability up to a width of 2.74m and surmounting of obstacles up to 1.0m in height. Waters to a depth of 2.2m can be forded with simple auxiliary equipment. Dozer system The dozer, located in front of vehicle, is hydraulically controlled. The dozer system is designed to stabilize the vehicle during craning and winching operations, as well as serves as a working device to accomplish earth-moving work with capacity of 170?/h.
The main winch is a dual-capstan winch with a capacity of up to 35 tonnes, which can be increased to 70 tonnes with a guide pulley. The winch system is operable as far as 150 meters away from a target vehicle and allows prompt recovery of swamped and/or damaged vehicles.
The K1 ARV, operated by 4 crew man, has the 25 ton crain lifting capability so that turret of the K1 tank could be removed in the field without overhead crain. And it has mounts for accommodation to carry engine and transmission assembly of the K1 or M48 or M109 self propelled howitzer. The crane is hydraulically driven with a lifting capacity of up to 25 tonnes, which is adequate for most major missions. The boom on the right hand side of the K1 ARV is elevated from 0°to 70°by boom lifting cylinder and is traversable up to 270°. Exceeding the permissible load results in an automatic cut-off. The crane can be remote-controlled by a joystick which ensures ease and precision in lifting the turret or powerpack of the MBT. If repairs to a vehicle's suspension system are required, the crane system can raise the front or back of the vehicle allowing access to the damaged system.
The K1 ARV has additional capabilities, i.e. powerpack transportation for repair service, and shunting operation in the garage. The ready-mounted refuel/defuel pump and welding machine, impact wrench, and automatic chain saw make it easy to conduct prompt and complete maintenance and recovery service. The Integrated Test System(ITS) specific to the K1 ARV enables crew members to detect and repair damage or malfunction quickly, and guarantees excellent maintainability and reliability. In addition, the K1 ARV can be supplied with emergency power in 10KW 28 vdc outputs from Auxilary Power Unit(APU) to continue to carry out rescue works such as welding while the main engine is not operated.
A 12.7mm machine gun and a light antitank weapon provide firepower against enemy vehicles or personnel the crew may meet during service. Smoke grenade launchers are also prepared to conceal the vehicle from the enemy's view and an Automatic Fire Suppression System and NBC-detecting system is also equipped to enhance the survivability of crew.
|Combat Weight||52 tonnes|
|Max. Roal Speed||65km/h|
|Transmission||Fully Automatic, 4 forward, 2 reverse|
||Torsion bar hydropneumatic suspension|
|- Max Lifting Capability||25 tonnes|
|- Traverse Angle||270”£|
|- Elevation Angle||70”£|
|- Traction Force(double traction)||35 tonnes (70 onnes)|
|- Usable Cable Length||150m|
|- Dozing Capability||170§©/h|
|- Welding & Cutting Equipment|
|- Refuel / Defuel Pump|
|- Auxilliary Power Unit|
|- Integrated Test System (ITS)|
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