The Gal (Hebrew for "wave") submarine was based on designs from Germany and Great Britain and the first submarine, the INS Gal, was produced in 1975 by Vickers of Great Britain. The INS Tanin and INS Rahav were produced and launched in the following two years. The Israel Navy has been operating the "GAL" type submarines since the 80's. They were built in the 70's at the Vickers shipyard in the U.K, based on German blueprints. The GAL submarines are small and sophisticated. Their small dimensions make it difficult for detection. These subs went through a series of modernization and modification programs in the late 80's, which could enable effective operation of the subs well into the 21st century.
The Gal submarines were equipped with six torpedo tubes and manned by a crew of 23. Over the next two decades after their production, the Gal class submarines went through several upgrades. In 1983, Sub-Harpoon torpedo capability was added to the submarines, and in 1988, new NT 37E torpedos replaced the older Mk 37 models. New sensors and fire control systems were installed in 1995. By 2000, Israel had received new Dolphin class submarines from Germany, and began to phase out the Gal submarines.
After the loss of the submarine Dakar many limitations were imposed on the two remaining sisters. It was clear that Israel would have to acquire new submarines soon. These submarines were built during World War II. They were old-fashioned large ocean submarines, despite renovation and renewal. Navy submarines needed to be small, quick, modern. The answer to these needs come in the form of the U-206, a joint project of Germany, Britain and Israel.
The Gal [wave] model is based on the U-206 German submarine. Engineers continued planning the special needs of the maritime arena, based on experience gained with existing submariness. For political reasons, a British shipyard was selected to build the submarines Indeed, in the early 1970s the three new submarines were built at the Vickers shipyards.
The Gal submarines were built in accordance with the special needs of Israeli naval arena. They had a small crew, a third the size of the crew operated the older submarines. The range was reduced and conformed to requirements of a war with enemies in close proximity to Israel. Despite the small size the Gal submarines were equipped with the best weapons, observation, listening and electronics of the time. The first new-generation submarine, INS Gal under Lieutenant - Colonel Israel there (the fifth commander of the fleet) arrived in Haifa in December 1976. The second submarine, under the command of Captain Doron Amir, came to home port, and in July 1977 INS Rahav great commander - Captain Amiram Einat associated submarine dock in Haifa a year after the arrival of the Gal.
It was the first time the Israeli navy had three new and modern submarines active. Thiscame when the state's northern border war began heating up against terrorist organizations based in Lebanon went into high gear. Soon there were three submarines for Israel's involvement in its war against terrorist organizations and terrorism. These submarines recorded a magnificent chapter in the annals of Force - Sea submarine fleet. Most of the episodes are still classified under the stamp "top secret", but the squadron's contribution to the war against the terrorists was of the utmost importance and without replacement
The squadron took a large part in the Lebanon War which broke out at 1982, and showed that perception of planners led by Ivan Dror was correct. Small submarines are quick, have high maneuverability with a small but professional technical staff. The submarines were equipped modern weapons systems included the submarine model of the Harpoon missile, torpedoes new and old model replaced the MK37. During the '90s was more suited to systems update the latest updates in submarine detection and arms control.
The fact that Israel was involved in constant war against terrorism that caused the submarines to be used in ways that were unmatched in any other submarine fleet in the world. The need a strong and modern submarine force had been proven again and again. In the early eighties, a new submarine began to rise on the planning table. The Dolphin began to take shape.
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