Multi-Role Support Ship (MRSS)
The Indian Navy originally desired a LPD configuration for at-sea logistics and humanitarian relief operations. On December 13, 2009 it was reported that the Indian Navy planned to induct four Landing Platform Docks to join the fleet alongside INS Jalashwa. These ships would be 200 meters long and able to transport Main Battle tanks, heavy trucks, Armoured Personnel Vehicles and other heavy machinery. It would carry out operations with heavy-lift helicopters of the Navy. The four LPDs were to have a point missile defence system and a close-in weapon system to protect itself from enemy firing and aircraft.
By 2009 it appeared that the Navy developed a requirement for helicopter carriers (LHD) with rear flooding decks to accommodate wheeled/tracked amphibious assault vehicles and LCAC-type assault hovercraft. The MRSS may host at least six medium-lift utility helicopters. The Indian Navy planned to acquire up to three LPH-based multi-role support ships (MRSS)
The Navy was looking for a hybrid design called Multi-Role Support Vessel (MRSV) which is similar in design to the ARMARIS-built Mistral, Hanjin's Dokdo and the GNG's MHD-150. A total of eight companies had proposed designs:
|14,500 tons||South Korea||Hanjin Heavy Industries||assault landing ship|
|15,000 tons||Germany||ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems||MHD-150|
|16,160 tons||Netherlands||Schelde Shipbuilding||Enforcer LPD|
|21,300 tons||France||Armaris||Mistral LHD|
|21,500 tons||Spain||Navantia||Strategic Projection Ship|
|21,578 tons||UK||BAE Systems Marine||Ocean-class LHD|
|25,000 tons||US||Raytheon||San Antonio-class LPD-17|
The Enforcer Series was developed around three basic sizes, based on the vessel's beam. Selection of the most suitable platform configuration is done in close cooperation with the customer by analysis of the Concept of Operations and functional requirements. The 14,000 ton RNLN LPD "Rotterdam" was the first of the Enforcer Series, developed in close cooperation with the Royal Netherlands Navy (RNLN). This was followed by 4 16,160 ton RN LSD (A) Bay Class vessels and the RNLN Rotterdam-class LPD "Johan de Witt". The well deck arrangement varies between the Rotterdam and the Johan de Witt.
In January 2012 The Hindu reported that Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) expected to achieve a turnaround with the Ministry of Defence deciding in principle to award an order for construction of two Landing Platform Docks (LPDs). Each LPD, to be useful for strategic deployment as well as tackling disasters and other contingencies, was projected tol cost around Rs.4,000 crore. “The order valued at Rs. 8,000 crore is expected in a few months,” HSL Chairman and Managing Director Rear Admiral N.K. Mishra told The Hindu in an interview.
In December 2013 the Indian Navy floated a US $2.6 billion domestic tender for construction of four landing platform docks (LPDs) and bids were sent to domestic shipyards, Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Pipavav Defence and Offshore Engineering, and ABG Shipyard. The service will select a winning design based on the low bidder. State-owned Hindustan Shipyard Ltd. (HSL) then would build two LPDs based on that design and the winning company would build two. Larsen & Toubro was tied up with Navantia of Spain which designed the 13,000 ton "Galicia" class LPD in the 1990s, and more recently the 27,000 ton Juan Carlos I Amphibious Assault Ship for Spain, Canberra Class Landing Helicopter Dock for Australia and Amfibi Taaruz Gemisi for Turkey [all to the same design]. Pipavav Defence teamed with France’s DCNS which designed the 21,300 ton Mistral for France and Russia.
ABG Shipyard partnered with Alion of the USA. Alion took the 79th spot on the August 2014 Defense News “Top 100” annual list of worldwide defense contractors, wtih revenues of $849 million. In 1936, the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) established the not-for-profit IIT Research Institute (IITRI) with the goal of testing and developing new, beneficial technologies. On December 20, 2002, approximately 1600 employees of IITRI purchased a majority of the organization's assets, founding Alion Science and Technology.
Alion is one of the largest naval architecture and marine engineering companies in the United States and maintains an excellent reputation for exceeding customer requirements. With over 50 years of maritime innovation and experience, Alion currently supports the acquisition and introduction of every current U.S. surface class as well as submarine classes. Alion technical and operational experts have provided ship designs for many international naval programs. Current programs include the South Korean Navy 18,860 ton Dokdo LP-X Class Amphibious Ship.
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