Syria's fertilizer manufacturing industry is located at Homs. Two plants produce nitrogenous fertilizers, and the third produces phosphate fertilizer. A second phosphate plant was to be developed near Palmyra with phosphate feedstock delivered from the Khunaifis Mines, about 50 kilometers (km) south of Palmyra. This proposed 500,000-metric-ton-per-year (t/yr)-capacity triple superphosphate plant had undergone considerable delays; in October 1997, however, the Government announced that the triple superphosphate plant would be constructed. Syria plans to increase its phosphate output to 4 million metric tons per year (Mt/yr) by 2000 from 2.4 Mt/yr in 1997. Much of the increase was to be achieved by modernization of operations, including the introduction of new washing methods to improve quality.
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