Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)




Tu-95 BEAR (TUPOLEV)


Specifications
TU-95M TU-95K TU-95KM TU-95RTs TU-95U TU-142 TU-95K22 TU-95MS TU-142MR
Bear A Bear B Bear C Bear D Bear E Bear F Bear G Bear H Bear J
Misson Bomber Kangaroo ASM carrier Kangaroo ASM plus recce radomes ELINT recce Photo Recce Anti-submarine Kh-22 ASM Kh-55 [AS-15] ALCM submarine communication relay
Design Bureau OKB-156 Tupolev
Manufacturer Plant Nr. 18 Kuibyshev Plant Nr. 18 Kuibyshev
Plant Nr. 86 in Taganrog
Development Began 6/11/1951
First Flight 11/12/1952 1/1/1956 September 1962 October 1975 September 1979
Date Deployed August 1957 Autumn 1959 Spring 1966 December 1972 1982 1981
Crew 8 men 7 men
Power Plant Four turboprop
Power Plant NK-12 NK-12M NK-12MV NK-12MP
Maximum Engine Power (ESHP) 12,500 12,500 14,800 15000
Length [m] 47 49.50 49.6
Height [m] 12.5 12.12 13.4
Wingspan [m] 50.05 51.10
Wing surface [m2] 283.7 288.9
Speed -Maximum 925 830
Speed Cruise (km/hr) 435 425 425 440 440 440 550
Speed Combat (km/hr) 470 470 475 300 300 490
Ceiling [meters] 12000
Altitude Over Target (meters) 12000 11750 11500 14000 450 450
Range (with normal load) [km] 13200 13200 10300 10500
Range (with maximum load) 6500
Combat Radius (km) 7600 6750 6400 6750 7125 3650 [Unrefueled, 3-hr loiter, 15,000 ft. cruise]
Weight (empty) 70455 70910 72275 71360 71825 72500 94.400
Fuel weight 84.000kg
Fuel Capacity (gal) 29,100 26,900 26,400 29,100 29,100 30,100
Maximum take-off weight [kg] 182000 185000
Takeoff Gross Weight (kg) Normal 165900 165900 165900 162,275 162,275 162,275
Normal load (kg) 9000 11400 11400 8500
Maximum Load (kg) 20000
Armament - Primary Bomb tonnage up to 12.000kg One H-20 missile none none One or two H-22 missiles
  • 6 Kh-55 missiles (TU-95MS6)
  • 16 Kh-55 Missiles (TU-95MS-16)
  • none
    Armament - Secondary Six Am-23 (23mm) guns in 3 installations Four AM-23 (23mm) guns in 2 installations two AM-23 (23mm) guns in one installation Two GSH-23 (23mm) guns in one installation
    Systems Crown Drum missile guidance radar Big Bulge I-band search radar Down Beat missile guidance radar




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