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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Bershet'
57°46'N 56°23'E

Once deployed at a dozen locations across the Soviet Union, by the early 1990s the SS-11 were deployed at only half a dozen sites: Bershet' [Perm], Drovyanaya, Kozel'sk [Kozelsk], Krasnoyarsk [Gladkaya], Teykovo and Yasnaya [Olovyannaya], and by the late 1990s all had been withdrawn from service.

Deployment of the railroad-based SS-24 Mod-1 (15Zh61) started on 28 November 1989, and the first regiment with railroad-based missiles was put on alert on 20 October 1987. Altogether 36 railway-based RT-23UTTh missiles were in three garrison areas: 12 launchers at Kostroma (400 km east of Moscow), 9 launchers at Bershet (1,250 km east of Moscow), and 12 launchers at Krasnoyarsk in Siberia. The Military Railroad Missile Complex (Boyevoy Zheleznyy Raketnyy Kompleks BZhRK) consists of three launch cars [each with a single missile], a command and control car, cars for personnel, and several diesel locomotives. By 1994 most of the rail-mobile systems remained in garrison due to lack of funding.

According to the December 1994 START I MOU, 46 SS-24s were in service in Russia: 10 silo-based and 36 rail-based. Since 1994 the Strategic Rocket Forces, at the specific direction of President Yeltsin, had restricted that the SS-24 missiles, mounted on the special military trains, remain stationed in their rail garrisons. Located in garrisons in Kostroma, Bershet and Krasnoyarsk, these trains and missiles sat rusting away year after year.120 Finally, the START II treaty, which the Russian government intended to implement if passed, required elimination of all multiplewarhead missiles such as the SS- 24s. All these factors placed decommissioning and dismantlement of the SS-24 missile systems high on the Russians’ list for elimination.

The 10 silo-based missiles were removed from service in 2000 to accommodate the deployment of new SS-27 silo-based missiles. As of 2002 the 36 rail-based SS-24 M1s remained at garrisons at Bershet, Kostroma, and Krasnoyarsk, though plans were underway for their removal from service.

As of 1 January 2007 there was a single non-deployed SS-24 rail-mobile launcher at Bershet', which was removed by the end of the year. Base for repairing large-sized equipment, permanent deployment point BZHRK. The second (after Kostroma) base, which provided full service for combat railway missile systems (BZHRK) 15P961 Molodets. The latest journal entries date back to 2006. Nevertheless, it is under the supervision of the military. On the main territory there are hangars for servicing the complex, tracks for trains and depots. All buildings are in good condition.

Bershet Bershet

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Under the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, short-notice inspections may be conducted of suspect mobile-missile assembly at sites listed in the MOU(for USSR: Zlatoust, Bershet and Petropavlovsk; for U.S.: Ogden, Sacramento, and Magna.) The Bershet’ facility subject to suspect-site inspection was removed from the list of facilities contained in subparagraph 12(b) of Annex I of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Data Base Relating to the Treaty on October 28, 2004.

The United States noted 01 June 2006 the statement by the Russian Federation that Russia will supplement existing procedures for the conduct of data update inspections at the Bershet' Conversion or Elimination Facility with respect to the inspection of SS-25 ICBM first stages in containers used for transportation and storage at that facility. Russia will provide the United States with photographs of each type of container used for transportation and storage of SS-25 ICBM first stages at the Bershet' Conversion or Elimination Facility, for use by U.S. inspection teams during data update inspections at Bershet'.

The unique identifier from the missile which the stage was originally a part of, will be applied to the outside of the container used for transportation and storage of that SS-25 ICBM stage before it is sent to the Bershet' Conversion or Elimination facility. During the pre-inspection procedures for data update inspections at the Bershet' Conversion or Elimination Facility, the in-country escort will provide to the inspection team a list of the containers with SS-25 ICBM first stages located within the inspection site, and their unique identifiers. The U.S. inspection team will be allowed to view, using the Russian-provided photographs, all such containers located within the inspection site, and to read and record the unique identifier on each container.

Bershet is a village and railway station South on the river. Bershetka, the left tributary of the river. South, flowing into the river. Babka (a tributary of the Sylva River), the center of the Bershet village settlement. Population: 3,563 (2002). Previously: 213 (1869), 348 people. (1926).

The settlement arose at the merger with. Staraya Bershet (center), d. Novaya Bershet and d. Srednyaya Bershet, founded in the 1820s. former artisans, immigrants from Anninsky and Yugovsky state-owned factories. The name was received by r. Bershetka (original name - Bershet). Jan 5 1920 In the Old Bersheti, a joiner's artel was registered, September 10. 1925 - machine partnership. Aug 18 1925 the village completely burned out as a result of a fire. In 1930, a collective farm named after Ponomarev, who in Aug. 1950 was enlarged (three agricultural cartels merged) and received the name "Construction" (existed until January 1960). Jan 14 1960 on the basis of collective farms "Construction", them. Kuibyshev and them. Kalinin formed state farm them. Kalinina (later, since 1965, - Kalinin Poultry Farm, one of the first in Perm. region). In 1974, an evening school for working youth began to work; since 1976, the village has SSPTU-75 (now professional lyceum No. 75), which was transferred from s. Kurashim. The village of Bershet was the center of the Bershet village council (until January 2006).

Economics includes agricultural enterprise - Polevod LLC, Kalinin Poultry CJSC, Bershet branch of Permtorgtekhnika CJSC, gas service of Uralgazservis Firm, communications department. The village is the birthplace of Anatoly Maksimovich Semenov (born 1931), a Hero of Socialist Labor, a working Perm. motor-building plant (1966) and Yuri Grigorievich Grachev (1940 - 2001), Doctor of Technical Sciences, prof.





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Page last modified: 24-02-2020 18:29:05 ZULU