The Jericho I is a single-stage, mobile, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) with a range variously estimated at between as 480 and 750 kilometers. The Jericho I is based on the French Dassault MD-600 missile and was originally developed in the 1960s when France was providing assistance to the country's nuclear weapons program, most notably with the Dimona reactor. The Jericho was test-fired in 1968. The missile was designed with the help of the French company Dassault-Breguet, which was studying the MD-600 ballistic missile. After the French export embargo of armement to Israel in 1967, the developpement continued by Israel Defense Industries with internal technology. Jericho 1 went operational in 1973.
According to an assessment by the Defense Intelligence Agency made public in November 1989, Israel has chemical and nuclear, as well as conventional high explosive warheads for its Jericho 1 missiles. The Jericho I reportedly has a 500 kilogram payload.
The Israeli arsenal reportedly contains as many as 100 of the Jericho 1 SSMs. Some reports claim the missile is deployed in the Negev and near the Syrian border in the Golan Heights on mobile launchers. According to published reports, it can be transported via either a wheeled transporter erector vehicle (TEL) or using railroad cars.
In fact, the Jericho 1 [and Jericho 2] is deployed in silos at Sedot Mikha in the Judean foothills, about 20 km east of Jerusalem (and about 40 km southeast of Tel Aviv). The facility is located a few kilometers to the southeast of Tel Nof air base. From its deployment location in central Israel the Jericho-1 missile can reach such targets as Damascus, Aleppo, and Cairo.
|Range||480-650 kilometers (reported)|
|Warhead Type||Conventional, chemical, or nuclear|
|Number Deployed||~50 missiles (reported)|
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