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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Fallujah III / Habbaniyah I

The Fallujah III Castor Oil Production Plant is situated on a large complex with an historical connection to Iraq's CW program. Of immediate BW concern is the potential production of ricin toxin. Ricin can cause multiple organ failure within one or two days after inhalation. Castor bean pulp, left over from castor oil production, can be used to extract ricin toxin. Iraq admitted to UNSCOM that it manufactured ricin and field-tested it in artillery shells before the Gulf war. Iraq operated this plant for legitimate purposes under UNSCOM scrutiny before 1998 when UN inspectors left the country. Since 1999, Iraq has rebuilt major structures destroyed during Operation Desert Fox. Iraqi officials claim they are making castor oil for brake fluid, but verifying such claims without UN inspections is impossible. [CIA 2002]

Castor oil can be used in agriculture, food production, cosmetics, paper production, plastics and rubber production, in electronics and communications production, pharmaceuticals, paint and adhesive production, as a lubricant and in textile chemicals.

Fallujah III Castor Oil Production Plant

Source: Oct. 8, 2002, DoD Briefing on Iraqi Denial and Deception

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Imagery of Fallujah III / Habbaniyah III
Click on the small image to view a larger version

Overview of the Middle East with Iraq in the center

Fallujah Chemical Weapons Plants, Iraq

Tactical Pilotage Chart with NIMA CIB imagery overlayed showing the general location of the three Fallujah CW plants

Tactical Pilotage Chart with NIMA CIB imageryoverlayed showing the three Fallujah CW plants in relation to the towns of Fallujah, and Al Habbaniyah

Fallujah III as of 1995. The facility is barely visible in this CIB image. It was only detected after comparing it to Fallujah I, and II

An Ikonos browse image of Fallujah III as of August 5, 2001

Digital Globe browse imagery of Fallujah III as of June 4, 2002. The Digital Globe browse imagery is compressed more than the Ikonos browse, reducing target detection and interpretability

Comparison of Fallujah I,II and III

A separate secure storage area associated with Fallujah III distinguishes this facility from the other two

Overview of Fallujah III. The facility occupies 68 acres

The facility is protected by an outer security fence measuring 3 kilometers in length, an inner wall, an entry contol point, and two guard towers with one in the lower left corner

Fallujah III is also distinguished from Fallujah I, and II by 10 light-clad warehouse type buildings measuring 20 x 80 meters

On the eastern side of the facility, are located four large concrete drive-through buildings measuring 20 x 60 meters or 1,200 square meters each

On closer examination, the buildings appear to be in a state of disrepair and there is a large quantity of debris strewn about; possibly eqipment damaged in previous airstrikes

Close-up of the entry control point and nine vehicles

A secured storage area about 600 meter south of the main plant, which possibly could be used for storing either fabricated precursor chemicals or finished chemical-loaded munitions

There are four reveted light-clad storage buildings measuring 15 x 35 meters each and two semi-buried earth-covered bunkers measuring 10 x 30 meters

The upper bunker on the left appears to be demolished or damaged possibly as a result of airstrikes

Support buildings and the entry control point for the secured storage area

Six earthen-bermed areas 700 meter northeast of the secured-storage area are probably for interim or temporary storage of excess chemicals or finished munitions

A large dumping ground lies just north of the main gate

In addition to fill dirt, hazardous chemicals have probably been dumped or buried at this site

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Page last modified: 24-07-2011 04:44:40 ZULU