© Charles P. Vick 2007 All Rights Reserved
February 01, 2007
The opinions and evaluations stated here in are only the authors and cannot be construed to reflect those of any Government agency, company, institute or association. It is based on public information, circumstantial evidence, informed speculation, declassified U.S. intelligence community documents, official Iranian and North Korean government documents and histories, oral histories, interviews and reverse engineering analysis. As with all data regarding the Iranian and North Korean strategic space and ballistic missile programs, this analysis is subject to revision--and represents a work in progress.
In 1990, Iran is reported to have arranged for delivery of Scud-Cs, as well as North Korean assistance in setting up an assembly and manufacturing facility. Syria may also have received shipments of the Scud-C along with launchers, beginning in April 1991. A North Korean freighter in the spring of 1992 shipped missile parts from the “ North Korea port of Dae-Hung-Ho to the port of Bandar Abbas,” in Iran. Some of the parts were then in turn flown to Syria from Iran, and the rest of the missile parts remained in Iran. (1) This was one of the documented shipments of Scud based parts to Iran. The initial launch in May of 1991 of a North Korean, Scud-C took place from a launch center near “ Qom”, southeast of Teheran, Iran the missile impacted about 310 miles (498.8 kilometers) east of there in an impact zone south of Shahroud. (2)
An extended range version of the Mod-B, the Scud Mod-C (500-700 km/1,000-700 kg), with upgraded inertial guidance, was subsequently purchased from North Korea. By 1994 Iran may have stocked as many as 200 of these missiles, domestically designated Shahab-2 ["meteor" or "shooting star"-2]. North Korea also aided Iran in converting a missile maintenance facility into an assembly plant for the Mod-Cs. According to some estimates Iran's total inventory of missiles may be as great as 450 Scud-B and Scud-C missiles, though other [perhaps more reliable] estimates place the inventory at approximately 200 missiles [Gertz 1997a].
On 19 April 2001 Iran attacked a number of Mujahedin-e-Khalq [MEK] facilities in Iraq, including Camp Ashraf, north of Baghdad, Camp Anzali in Jalawla, Camp Faezeh in Kut, Camp Habib in Basra, Camp Homayoun in Al-Amarah and Camp Bonyad Alavi in Mansourieh. A Revolutionary Guards commander said the missile attack against bases of the opposition People's Mojahedin Organization in Iraq was a "warning" to the heavily armed group to cease its attacks in Iran . It was initially reported that Iran fired 56 surface-to-surface missiles at Iraqi cities of Basra , Kut, Khalis and Jelawla. Subsequent reports claimed that as many as 77 surface-to- surface Scud missiles were fired by Iran at seven Mojahedin camps and Iraqi cities of Jalawla, Khalis, Meqdadieh, Kut, Al-Amarah and Basra. As many as 27 missiles hit Basra , one hit Al-Amarah, seven hit Kut, 13 hit Khalis, five hit Meqdadieh and 24 hit Jalawla.
1. “Iran-bound Mystery Freighter Carried Parts for Missiles”, The Washington Times, 16, July 1992, p. A3.
2. Gertz, Bill, “ U.S.: Iran Fired Ballistic Missile,” The Washington Times, 24, May 1991, p.A5.
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