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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Mobin cruise missile

Iran unveiled a low-fidelity model of its home-made cruise missiles, 'Mobin' [= Brilliant], at the MAKS 2019 exhibition in Russia at the end of August. The cruise missile was claimed to have a low radar cross section (RCS) and high radar-evading capability and can be equipped with warheads up to 120kg. Mobin can fly at 45,000ft altitude with a range of 450km. It weighs 670kg and flies at a speed of 900km/h. The launch mode and guidance system were not specified.

Cruise missiles are jet-propelled pilotless aircraft designed to strike distant targets with great accuracy. Cruise missiles can be categorized by two cruise altitude regimes (high andlow), by three speeds (subsonic, supersonic, hypersonic), by three range requirements (short, medium, long), and by mission or target type (tactical, strategic, and defensive or preemptive). Mobin is a subsonic medium range missile with a small warhead suitable for tactical targets such as emplacements or warships.

The "cruise" missile spends the major portion of its flight trajectory in the "cruise'l mode, that is, flying at nearly constant altitude at nearly constant speed using aerodynamic lift to support its weight. Traveling at hundreds of miles an hour, cruise missiles might use the global positioning system, inertial guidance, optical scenery correlation, and terrain comparing radar to find their targets. Their accuracy makes them especially useful in attacking military targets in urban areas with limited damage to nearby civilian facilities.

The cruise missile may deviate from a fixed heading, constant altitude cruise by maneuvers in azimuth (to deceive the observer) and in elevation (as required for a low altitude terrain-following flight attempting to avoid detection) and thus delay positive early warning and acquisition while flying in the airspace under surveillance. The launch-to-target range requirement calls on aerodynamics, propulsion, and structures technologies to provide a configuration with minimum weight, volume, and size to fly the range from launch-to-target.

Penetrativity is achieved when the defending sensors cannot acquire and track the cruise missile because of its low electromagnetic, infra-red, acoustical, or optical signatures, and when it closes on the target so fast that no interceptor (or no more than one or two) can be launched against it in time for a likely intercept. Ground-, air-, or space-based early warning systems with their radar and IR sensors attempt to note incoming missiles and to pass on the observed object's speed, track, and altitude to the forward area defenses, barrier defenses, and terminal defenses. Thus the technologies of structures, propulsion, and aerodynamics must strive to maintain as low an electromagnetic, infra-red, acoustical, and optical signature of the airframe as possible.

Iranian Deputy Defense Minister Brigadier General Qassem Taqizadeh underlined that the cruise missiles produced by the country enjoyed higher precision-striking power than the US-made ones, adding that Iran had manufactured a special defense system to intercept all types of low-altitude targets. "We have produced ballistic and cruise missiles proportionate to the radius of the threats posed to us up to 1,800km in range and the cruise missiles produced by Iran are highly more accurate than their US counterparts," General Taqizadeh said, addressing a forum in Tehran.

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Page last modified: 28-08-2019 18:59:26 ZULU