|Details of Fatwa|
|Title of Fatwa||Muslims Possessing Weapons of Mass Destruction|
|Date of Reply||10/Aug/2005|
|Topic Of Fatwa||International Relations & Jihad|
|Country Applied||United Arab Emirates|
|Question of Fatwa|| |
Is it permissible for Muslim countries to use nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction to defend themselves? Is it also permissible for them to possess and manufacture such weapons in Muslim countries?
Please answer me as fast as possible. Jazakum Allah Khayran.
|Name of Mufti||Al-Azhar House of Fatwa|
|Content of Reply|
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Dear questioner, thanks for your evident eagerness to know about the teachings of Islam. We earnestly implore Allah to guide all Muslims in this tumultuous period to the safe shore, to grant them the power they really lack to stand firm in facing their enemies, and to guide all people to peaceful resolutions and safety.
First of all, we'd like to draw your attention to the fact that in addressing the issue at hand, Islam does not focus on the legality of possessing these weapons as much as it does on the way they are used and utilized. Basically, Islam does not go against the principle of self-defense, starting from individuals up to the state level. As it calls for the unity of Muslims, it warns that this unity must be based on a solid ground that will culminate to enhancing the image of the Muslim Ummah.
So, in terms of having weapons for self-defense, for acquiring strength, Islam does not go against that. But in terms of possessing weapons that aim at “mass destruction” rather than construction, Islam strictly rejects that, for Allah the Almighty warns against filling the earth with mischief, and He commends all efforts that aim at catering for the people’s welfare. So, when we talk about the threat a certain weapon poses to mankind, we must do that globally. Our perception of the issue must not be coated with double-standard policy, in the sense that as we lay ban on the possession of such destructive weapons, we turn blind eyes to others who already have them and are not ready to get rid of them, regardless of the danger it poses to the international peace and security.
Addressing the juristic aspects of possessing such weapons, Al-Azhar House of Fatwa, issues the following fatwa on 24, December, 2002:
Based on the above fatwa, it’s clear that the whole emphasis is laid not on the necessity of possessing weapons of mass destruction. Rather, it’s laid on equipping Muslims with means of self-defense in a way that will enhance their image, rather than being a puppet for other nations. At the same time, it calls on Muslims not to join ranks with evil forces. So when the Qur’an stipulates that there should be no spread of mischief on earth, it’s incumbent on the Muslim Ummah to lead the entire world to the stage whereby the earth will be free of weapons of mass destruction, whereby everyone’s heart will be filled with comfort and peace and harmony will reign in the world. Thus, it’s illogic for the international community to launch a program aiming at putting some nations at the mercy of others. It is not reasonable for some states to be given free rein to possess these destructive weapons while others are barred from doing the same. It’s the responsibility of the international community to work on purging the earth of these weapons, and all hands should be on deck for this purpose. So, why do not we try to possess "weapons of mass construction" instead of "weapons of mass destruction".
|Fatwa published on Islamonline.net.|
|Details of Fatwa|
|Title of Fatwa||Using WMD in War: Islamic View|
|Date of Reply||16/Dec/2002|
|Topic Of Fatwa||Relations during War|
|Question of Fatwa||Dear scholars! What does Islam say on using weapons of mass destruction in combat? As I know, our religion is peace and it never encourages such brutality to be displayed during warfare.|
|Name of Mufti||Group of Muftis|
|Content of Reply|
|In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All thanks and praises are due to Allah and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Here, we would like to cite for you the statement made by Dr. Taha Jabir Al-`Alwani, President of the Graduate School of Islamic and Social Sciences and President of the Fiqh Council. It reads:
"It is a well established fact that Islam considers all humanity as one family. Their God is One; they belong to the same father and mother. Whenever there’s any conflict among the family members, they should and must find the best solution to settle their conflict. They don’t have the right to fight each other unless they can’t find any other solution. That means that war is an exceptional position. No party has right to kill the other; they are all members of the same family.
With this, we understand that possessing power and weapons of mass destruction is a test from Allah to humans, to see whether they will restrain themselves from using these weapons against innocent people who are also part of the human family.”
Shedding more light on this, Sheikh Faysal Mawlawi, deputy chairman of the European Council for Fatwa and Research, adds:
“We would like to say also that Islam cares much for keeping the environment clean and pure so that man can lead a better and healthy life free from any diseases or illnesses. However, in case these nuclear weapons are used against Muslims, it becomes permissible for Muslims to defend themselves using the same weapon. This is based on the words of Allah: "If ye punish, then punish with the like of that wherewith ye were afflicted." (An-Nahl: 126) Besides, reciprocity is surely a principle known to all members of the international community. Again, we stress the fact that all problems are to be solved in a peaceful way. Once we have no other choice but to fight, we are to defend ourselves, children, women and lands.”
Almighty Allah knows best.
Allah Almighty knows best.
|Fatwa published on Islamonline.net .|
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