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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Nuclear Fuel Complex

    Hyderabad 500 062, India
    Telephone: +91 40 712 3728
    Telefax  : +91 40 712 1305 

The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) Nuclear Fuel Complex [NFC] was formally established at Hyderabad on 31 December 1968 under the Bhabba Atomic Research Center. Natural uranium oxide fuel bundles for PHWRs and enriched uranium oxide fuel bundles for the BWRs is manufactured at Hyderabad. Yellow cake packed in drums is transported to the Nuclear Fuel Complex for further processing into nuclear fuel. The Nuclear Fuel Complex includes a UO2 conversion plant which started operations in 1972 with an initial throughput of 50 t/a. Capacity increased 1990 to 350 t/a and 450 t/a by 2000, and was expected to go to 600 t/a eventually. The PHWR Fuel fabrication facility, which began operation in 1974, has a design capacity of 300 t HM/a. The LWR fuel fabrication plant, which also began operation in 1974, has a design capacity of 25 t HM/a.

The plant has facilities to manufacture coolant and calandria tubes for nuclear reactors, and expansion of the fuel fabrication and zirconium and zircaloy production facilities is underway. Phase 1 of the Zircaloy tubing plant began operation in 1987, with a design capacity of 50 km/a of converting Zr Sponge to Zr2 / Zr-Nb. Phase 2 of the Zircaloy tubing plant, under construction as of early 2000, has a design capacity of 80 km/a. The Nuclear Fuel Complex developed a novel method for production of seamless zircaloy-4 square channels for the two Boiling Water Reactors (BWR) at Tarapur which were hitherto imported. The zircaloy-4 square channels are manufactured from seamless tubes employing a square die and a draw bench. Facilities include a degreasing plant and roller hearth line for the zircolloy tube uranium sponge plant. It also fabricates seamless stainless tubes. The Zirconium alloy facility, which began operation in 1980, uses a sponge process with a design capacity of 50 t/a. A planned Zirconium alloy facility uses a sponge process with a design capacity of 250 t/a.

The Hyderabad site apparently has additional facilities that can produce special materials to fabricate fissile material into atomic bomb cores. On 16 September 1992 it was reported that the Nuclear Fuel Complex had an explosion in which 3 workers suffered burns.

Electronics Corporation Of India Limited [ECIL]

    Hyderabad 500 062
    phone :  +91-40-712 3409
    FAX   :  +91-40-7121802 

The Electronics Corporation of India Limited [ECIL], was incorporated in 1967 as a Government of India enterprise. ECIL was included on the list of Indian entities that were subjected to US sanctions announced after the May 1998 nuclear tests. The technological objectives of the company are to develop and promote indigenous technology; and to blend indigenous and foreign technologies to meet the customer needs. ECIL's markets include Defence, Government,Educational Institutes, Banking, Insurance, Space, Aeronautics, R&D Labs, Telecom and many others. ECIL's annual turnover is around US$100 million with a workforce of 7,000.

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