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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


CASIC Second Academy
China Chang Feng Mechano-Electronic Engineering

CASIC‘s Second Academy is also known as the Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Academy; China Changfeng Group (CCFG); China Changfeng Company (CCC); China Changfeng (CCF); China Chang Feng Mechano-Electronic Engineering Company. The Second Academy was founded in 1957 with headquarters located on Yongding Road, in the western suburbs of Beijing. It is responsible for design of aerospace vehicles and large-scale system engineering. Initially its primary responsibility was the development of surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile systems, though more recent activities have included submarine-launched missiles. Space-related activities include tracking instrumentation, ground equipment and test facilities, with expertise in optical, mechanical, electronic and acoustic technologies. Civil products include numerically-controlled machine tools, industrial process automatic control systems, medical instruments and pharmaceutical devices, radar telecommunications and satellite application equipment.

China Chang Feng Science and Technology Industry Group (CCF) is a corporation attributed to the Second Academy of China Aerospace Corporation. With 70 member companies in 14 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, it has 7000 employees. CCF integrates technology, manufacturing and trade in the fields of aerospace, aeronautics, ordnance, machine-building and electronics. Beijing Chang Feng Industry Corp. (BCF) was established in 1984 as the business arm of CCF for contracting outside of China. The BCF subsidiary has been involved in over hundred projects, including computer networks and receiving systems. This engineering corporation has expertise in computer network system, telecommunication projects, and other automation systems.

It is the principal industrial group responsible for kinetic kill counterspace systems, and is China‘s largest producer of air defense missile systems. Established in 1961 [some sources report 1957], and with a growing emphasis on integrated air and space defense, it consists of a design department, 10 specialized research institutes, a simulation center, three factories, and nine independent commercial enterprises. As of 2004 it was reported to have a staff of 7,000.

The August 1993 missile proliferation sanctions were imposed on the PRC Ministry of Aerospace Industry, including China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC), and the Pakistani Ministry of Defense. The sanctions also applied to the divisions, subunits, and any successor organizations to these entities, including China Chang Feng Group (a/k/a China Changfeng Company). On November 1, 1994, President Clinton lifted the sanctions after the PRC issued a statement agreeing not to export ground-to-ground missiles inherently capable of delivering at least a 500-kilogram payload with a range of at least 300 kilometers.

With the PLA Air Force serving as a core customer, the Second Academy‘s most prominent defense products include the Hongqi-series of surface to air missile systems, including the missile, radar, and associated ground equipment. The Second Academy also likely designed, developed, and produced the space intercept systems that were tested in January 2007 and January 2010. Zhang Yiqun, assigned to the CASIC Second Academy Second Design Department, is a possible subsystem designer for the anti-satellite missile defense KKV.

Both the PLAAF and Second Artillery appear to make arguments in favor of organizational control over space-related policy, budget, and peace-time operational control. Senior prominent space and missile industry authorities associated with the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC) Second Academy appear to advocate on behalf of the PLAAF, arguing that aerospace assets should be concentrated under a single military service, and that a space force should be built upon the foundation of an air force, similar to the United States, Russia, and others. In addition, the battlespace for air defense operations should be extended beyond the atmosphere and into space and over sea, yet integrated under a single air defense command organization.

ZTE Corporation has formed cooperation with the CASIC Second Academy in the smart city field.

Subordinate Entities

CCF employed at least 12,800 and as many as 16,000 persons in 30 institutes, factories, and centers.

The China ChangFeng Science and Technology Industry Group (CCF) consists of:

  • Aero-space numerical control group corporation
  • Beijing Chang Feng Industry Corp (BCF)
  • Beijing Institute of Control and Electronic Technology
  • Beijing Institute of Electronic System Engineering
  • Beijing System Design Institute of Electro-Mechanic Engineering
  • Chang Feng Beijing Aerospace Cha Medical Devices Co.,Ltd.

Entity Corporation Location Staff Director Activities
2nd Planning Department Beijing Institute of Electronic Systems Engineering 700 Yuan Qi Department-level institute responsible for air/missile defense and ASAT systems engineering
4th Research Institute SLBM design and production
17th Research Institute Beijing Institute of Control and Electronic Technology Muxidi, West Beijing SLBM guidance design and production
21st Research Institute motor design and production
23rd Research Institute Beijing Institute of Radio Measurement Yongding Road 1300 Huang Huai R&D of radar systems
24th Research Institute
25th Research Institute Beijing Institute of Remote Sensing Equipment Sun Zhaoxin Radar and optical terminal guidance systems
203rd Research Institute Beijing Institute of Radio Metrology and Measurement 250 Miao Fuquan
204th Research Institute Beijing Institute of Computer Applications and Simulation Technology Computer software and simulation technology
206th Research Institute Beijing Institute of Mechanical Equipment (Jixie Shebei) 570 Qin Ye Launchers and other ground equipment
207th Research Institute Beijing Institute of Environmental Features Zhao Ji R&D into target characteristics. Microwave, optical, and laser environmental engineering. Manages microwave anechoic chamber and laser laboratory. Space observation.
208th Research Institute Information Center publisher of 2nd Academy's journal, Systems Engineering and Electronics Technology
210th Research Institute Xian Changfeng Electromechanical Institute 1500 Huang Wangsheng Electromechanical systems engineering. R&D on telemetry, dynamic strength and heat/cold testing.
706th Research Institute Computer development
112 Factory Xinfeng Machinery Factory Final assembly plant for SAMs, etc.
123 Factory Air Defense Missile Warheads
283 Factory Ground Control Systems
284 Factory Xinjian Power Machinery Plant Yongding Road Control Systems Manufacturing
786 Factory Radar and Guidance Systems Plant



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Page last modified: 11-05-2014 18:54:10 ZULU