Academy of Information Technology
(CASIC First Academy)
In August 2009 China's State-owned defense technology corporation amalgamated units specializing in information technology, equipment research and development. China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC) said the amalgamation would enable it to "provide advanced weaponry for IT-based warfare."
Qian Xuesen, 98, one of China's pioneering, keystone space scientists and a founder of the country's astronautics science, sent a congratulatory letter to the ceremony celebrating the founding of the new China Aerospace Science and Industry Academy of Information Technology (CASIC-IT). Qian hailed the amalgamation and consequent resource integration of the academy and praised the decision as strengthening China's aerospace information technology.
The new CASIC-IT was formed from
- the CASIC 8511 research institute in eastern Jiangsu's Nanjing city, which specialized in electronic aerospace defense systems;
- the CASIC Measurement and Control Technological Development Company, which is in charge of IT equipment maintenance research and development and missile testing systems;
- Beijing Century Satellite, Inc
- China Aerospace Systems Engineering Corp, among others.
CASIC General Manager Xu Dazhe said the new academy would be the foundation of a first-class space defense corporation that should "further enhance armament and information levels so as to provide advanced weaponry for IT-based warfare." Xu also said greater attention should be paid to IT products for civilian applications utilizing military technology.
In 2009, Trimble and the China Aerospace Science & Industry Academy of Information Technology formed a 50/50 joint venture in China to develop, manufacture, and distribute Compass global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) receivers, an initiative that undoubtedly will produce interoperable GNSS equipment as well.
CASIC‘s First Academy, also known as the Academy of Information Technology, has designed and fielded microsatellites. Working with the academic community, CASIC First Academy is one of a number of entities within China focused on operationally responsive tactical microsatellites that ostensibly could be launched on solid-fueled launch vehicles. It also is engaged in R&D satellite applications and GPS/inertial guidance units. Serving as a test bed for MEMS-based guidance and navigation systems, its most prominent product is the Hangtian-Tsinghua-1 (HT-1) 50 kg microsatellite that operates in a sun synchronous orbit; and the 25kg NS-1 microsatellite. One institute under the Academy of Information Technology specializes in space-based and missile-borne electronic countermeasure (ECM) research and development.
Chinese industry publications appear to view boost-glide flight vehicles in a similar context as the U.S. Air Force FALCON program, one of a number of Prompt Global Strike–related research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) programs underway in the United States. CASC First Academy, CASIC Third Academy, and PLA designers have conducted feasibility studies of common aero vehicles (CAVs), and appear to believe China could overcome technical obstacles to fielding such as system. In one study, CASC First Academy engineers noted use of a ramjet engine for the post-boost vehicle and cited issues associated with heating and use of infrared terminal sensors when going after sea-based and land-based targets. After detailed analysis, First Academy designers identified 10 key technologies needed for global precision strikes. Engineers believe that a ballistic missile equipped with a post-boost-glide vehicle could enter the R&D phase in the 12th Five Year Plan.
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