The airbase at Chamical is located near salt flats, which can absorb the impact of launched rockets. El Centro de Experimentacion y Lanzamiento de Proyectiles Autopropulsados [CELPA] at El Chamical began operation as a rocket launch site in 1962, and supported launch of rockets with a range of up to 200km.
After two series of firings (4 in 1962 and 2 in 1963) carried out by CNES, the Argentine National Space Committee (CNIE) launched 9 Centaure I from Chamical and 2 Dragon I from Mar Chiquita. In September 1967 the National University of Tucuman studied ionosphere with 2 Nike-Apaches fired from Chamical. Between April 1966 and April 1968, as part of the Experimental Inter-American Meteorological Rocket Network (EXAMETNET), Argentina launched 38 Arcas rockets and boosted Darts from Chamical.
A first launch of the Condor 1 space launch vehicle was reported in 1986 and the first launch of the Alacran missile was reported early in 1989, from the El Chamical airbase in La Rioja.
The Cóndor II's motors were tested at Chamical.
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