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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

2003 Reports

  • Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Resolution adopted by the Board on 26 November 2003 IAEA 26 November 2003 -- "Strongly deplores Iran's past failures and breaches of its obligation to comply with the provisions of its Safeguards Agreement, as reported by the Director General; and urges Iran to adhere strictly to its obligations under its Safeguards Agreement in both letter and spirit" [PDF 134 Kb]
  • Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Report by the Director General International Atomic Energy Agency 10 November 2003 -- "This report on safeguards issues in the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter referred to as Iran) responds to paragraph 7 of the Board of Governors' resolution GOV/2003/69 of 12 September 2003. It covers relevant developments from the time of the Director General's visit to Iran on 20 21 February 2003 and Iran's acknowledgement of its centrifuge enrichment programme, but concentrates on the period since his last report (GOV/2003/63 of 23 August 2003). This report begins with the background to the issues in question (Section A) and a chronology of recent events (Section B). Information on the Agency's verification activities is summarized in Section C, organized according to the various technical processes involved (the details of which are set out in Annex 1). Section D provides a summary of the Agency's findings, while Section E sets out its current assessment and next steps. Annexes 2 and 3 to this report contain, respectively, a list of the locations identified to date as relevant to the implementation of safeguards in Iran, and a map showing those locations. Annex 4 is a list of relevant abbreviations and terms used in the text of the report."
  • Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, 1 January - 30 June 2003 Central Intelligence Agency Released November 2003 -- "As required by Section 721 of the FY 1997 Intelligence Authorization Act, the following are country summaries of acquisition activities (solicitations, negotiations, contracts, and deliveries) related to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and advanced conventional weapons (ACW) that occurred from 1 January through 30 June 2003. We have excluded countries that already have established WMD programs, as well as countries that demonstrated little WMD acquisition activity of concern." [PDF Version 151 Kb]
  • Iraqi weapons of mass destruction - Intelligence and Assessments UK Intelligence and Security Committee Sep 2003 -- "The purpose of this Report is to examine whether the available intelligence, which informed the decision to invade Iraq, was adequate and properly assessed and whether it was accurately reflected in Government publications. This Report does not judge whether the decision to invade Iraq was correct." [PDF 600 Kb]
  • Implementation of the NPT safeguards agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Report by the Director General International Atomic Energy Agency 06 Jun 2003 -- "At the meeting of the Board of Governors on 17 March 2003, the Director General reported on discussions taking place with the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter referred to as Iran) on a number of safeguards issues that needed to be clarified and actions that needed to be taken with regard to the implementation of the Agreement between Iran and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (the Safeguards Agreement)1. This report provides further information on the nature of the safeguards issues involved and the actions that need to be taken, and describes developments in this regard since March." [PDF 216 Kb]
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait with Residues of Depleted Uranium International Atomic Energy Agency 13 June 2003 -- "The 1991 Gulf War was the first conflict in which depleted uranium (DU) munitions were used extensively. In view of the concerns raised by the possible linkage between human exposure to ionizing radiation from depleted uranium and harmful biological effects, the Government of Kuwait, in February 2001, requested the International Atomic Energy Agency to conduct surveys and assessments for a number of specified locations. The aim of this work was to inform the Government of Kuwait and the public on the possible long-term radiological impact of any depleted uranium residues at these sites." [PDF 10 Kb]
  • Iraqi Mobile Biological Warfare Agent Production Plants Central intelligence Agency 28 May 2003 -- "Coalition forces have uncovered the strongest evidence to date that Iraq was hiding a biological warfare program. (...) The design, equipment, and layout of the trailer found in late April is strikingly similar to descriptions provided by a source who was a chemical engineer that managed one of the mobile plants. Secretary of State Powell's description of the mobile plants in his speech in February 2003 to the United Nations (see inset below) was based primarily on reporting from this source." [PDF Version 741 Kb]
  • DoD Understates Heat Danger in NBC Defensive Gear By Bernard J. Fine, March 2003 -- On March 3, 2003, the Department of Defense conducted a news briefing on the U.S. military's chemical and biological defense readiness. The presentation was not at all helpful in terms of informing us of the actual dangers from heat injuries that our troops in the Persian Gulf can be expected to face when wearing chemical-biological protective clothing. (...) When taken in the context of the known environment of Iraq, these statements appear to be at variance with both the scientific information available and Army policy pertaining to operations in the heat. [MS Word 71.5Kb]
  • Iraq's Vision of the Nuclear battlefield By Norman Cigar, U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, Marine Corps University Foundation: Contributions to War Studies #3 Mar 2003 -- Iraq has long sought to acquire nuclear weapons and the Iraqi leadership has vieewed nuclear weapons as a practical warfighting tool rather than only as a doomsday deterrent with a largely political significance. (...) The conclusions in this study are based on a recently-discovered Iraqi doctrinal manual devoted to the role of nuclear weapons at the tactical level (...) which was captured by U.S. forces during the Gulf War and has since been declassified. [PDF 2.76 Mb]
  • Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, 1 July Through 31 December 2001. Central Intelligence Agency - 07 January 2003

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