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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

SLUG: 2-324366 UN / NPT Opener (L-O)








HEADLINE: NPT Conference Opens amid Concerns of Deadlock

INTRO: A conference on nuclear non-proliferation has opened at the United Nations amid concerns about the nuclear intentions of Iran and North Korea. From U.N. headquarters, VOA's Peter Heinlein reports the month-long conference appears deadlocked, even before its first debate.

TEXT: Representatives of more than 180-countries sat down in the General Assembly Hall for a five-year review of the treaty that is considered the legal cornerstone of international efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan opened the gathering with a frank admission that the 35-year old treaty is out of date. He suggested that success of the month-long conference is in danger because of vastly differing expectations.

/// ANNAN ACT ///

"Some will stress the need to prevent proliferation to the most volatile regions. Others will argue that we must make compliance with, and enforcement of, the NPT universal. Some will say the spread of nuclear-fuel cycle technology poses an unacceptable proliferation threat. Others will counter that access to peaceful uses of nuclear technology must not be compromised. Some will paint proliferation as a grave threat. Others will argue that existing nuclear arsenals are a deadly danger."

/// END ACT ///

Without mentioning any state, the secretary-general made clear his concerns about North Korea, suggesting that Pyongyang's withdrawal from the treaty poses a grave challenge to its credibility.

/// 2ND ANNAN ACT ///

"You must strengthen confidence in the integrity of the treaty, particularly in the face of the first withdrawal announced by a state. Unless violations are directly addressed, the most basic collective reassurance on which the treaty rests will be called into serious question."

/// END ACT ///

Mr. Annan also indirectly rebuffed Iran, which many suspect is using its quest for peaceful nuclear energy as a cover for a weapons program.

/// 3RD ANNAN ACT ///

"States that wish to exercise their undoubted right to develop and use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes must not insist that they can only do so by developing capacities that might be used to create nuclear weapons."

/// END ACT ///

Mr. Annan also avoided mentioning the United States and Russia, but did make a pointed reference to demands by several countries that former Cold War advsersaries have been too slow to disarm.

/// ANNAN ACT ///

"An important step would be for former Cold War rivals to commit themselves irreversibly to further cuts in their arsenals, so that warheads number in the hundreds, not the thousands."

/// END ACT ///

Undersecretary of State Stephen Rademaker is among 17 delegates scheduled to to address the conference later on its first day. Mr. Rademaker has previously said that while the United States has no plans to introduce new disarmament initiatives during the conference, it will seek to hold NPT violators accountable.

The United States is also seeking political support for a proposal to require nuclear-capable states to refuse to supply enrichment and reprocessing technology to states that do not have functioning nuclear-energy plants. (SIGNED)


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