France, Germany Call For Ukraine Cease-Fire To Be Fully Observed
February 20, 2015
The French president says he and the German chancellor are "more convinced than ever" that the Minsk agreements aimed at putting an end to fighting in Ukraine should be fully implemented.
Francois Hollande made the remarks at a joint press conference in Paris with Angela Merkel on February 20.
Fighting between Russian-backed separatists and government forces has continued in eastern Ukraine despite the cease-fire deal brokered by Hollande and Merkel in Minsk last week.
Hollande said: 'The cease-fire has been violated several times. It must now be fully respected along the entire front line.'
He also said any country that fails to respect the Minsk agreements would face sanctions.
Merkel, for her part, said the European Union 'could raise the issue of sanctions' if the Minsk agreements are not implemented.
'We didn't go to Minsk to impose sanctions. We went to achieve peace, which is a long and difficult process. But it is important to make every effort,' she said.
Meanwhile, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said he would meet with his Russian, German, and Ukrainian counterparts in Paris on March 3 to discuss Ukraine's conflict.
In Kyiv, Ukrainian army spokesman Andriy Lysenko said on February 20 that more than 20 Russian tanks, 10 missile systems, and busses full of Russian soldiers have crossed into Ukrainian territory during the past 24 hours.
He said the Russian soldiers and heavy weapons were seen moving toward Novoazovsk, just to the east of the strategic governmnet-controlled town of Mariupol on the Sea if Azov.
Hollande said he could not confirm Lysenko's claims of fresh Russian military deployments into Ukrainian territory.
Moscow continues to deny that it is arming eastern Ukraine's pro-Russian separatists and sending Russian soldiers into Ukraine, despite growing evidence that it is doing so.
Ukraine's military also said on February 20 that two of its soldiers were killed in fighting during the previous 24 hours.
It said Ukrainian positions were shelled overnight, including troops in the village of Kurakhove to the west of the rebel stronghold of Donetsk, and in Berdyansk, near Mariupol.
Separatists reported artillery attacks by Ukrainian forces during the past day, including barrages targetting their positions at Donetsk's airport.
Rebels said they took control of a number of localities around the strategic town of Debaltseve, which government troops evacuated on February 18 following weeks of intense fighting.
Eduard Basurin, an official of the defense ministry of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, later said "the situation is stabilizing along the entire line of contact."
"All is quiet there," he added.
Under the Minsk deal, meant to quell a conflict that has killed more than 5,600 people since April 2014, both sides were due to lay down their arms on February 15 and begin withdrawing heavy armor from the front lines two days later.
The cease-fire has been broadly observed in eastern Ukraine, while there has been no confirmation of either side pulling back heavy weapons from the front lines.
The West widely condemned the rebel advance in Debaltseve, saying it violated the cease-fire.
But Russia and the separatists say the offensive didn't defy the truce because the town was encircled by rebel forces at the time of the agreement, something Kyiv rejects.
The United States warned on February 19 that, if Russia and the rebels keep violating the deal they signed, 'it will result in more costs and isolation.'
U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki called on Russia and the rebels 'to stop their attacks immediately, withdraw heavy weapons, halt the flow of fighters and equipment from Russia into Ukraine, allow the OSCE monitors to do their job, and proceed with full implementation of their Minsk commitments.'
NATO's top military commander, U.S. Air Force General Philip Breedlove, said he did not think the truce had ever even begun. 'It is a cease-fire in name only,' Breedlove said during a visit to Kosovo.
Breedlove also said that Russia has helped creating 'a formidable army' in eastern Ukraine.
Copyright (c) 2015. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036.
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