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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

US-backed Kurds Retreat in Syria; Kerry in Saudi Arabia to Gather Support for Plan

By VOA News August 25, 2016

U.S. backed Syrian Kurdish fighters say they are withdrawing to their bases east of the Euphrates River, a day after Turkey's military and allied fighters launched a cross-border offensive. The Kurdish rebels have been a source of tension between the U.S., which views them as a key ally in the war in Syria, and Turkey, which sees them as terrorists allied with separatist Turkish Kurd factions.

A U.S.-led coalition spokesman said the Kurds moved east "to prepare for the eventual liberation of Raqqa." However it is unclear if all of the Kurdish forces have withdrawn, as Turkey had demanded ahead of its offensive. The head of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Rami Abdel Rahman, told Arab media that Kurdish militia fighters are still fighting on the western side of the Euphrates River and had even captured some ground.

Turkey's foreign minister said that U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry had spoken with him in a phone call early Thursday and said that the Syrian Kurdish forces would withdraw. Vice President Joe Biden this week told Turkey's leaders that the Kurds would lose U.S.-support if they did not move back across the Euphrates.

Support for US Syria plan

Kerry is in Saudi Arabia Thursday to discuss U.S. military operations in Syria with Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman, diplomats from Bahrain and the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Kerry wants to shore up support for the Syria plan ahead of scheduled meetings with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Friday in Geneva, Switzerland.

During the meeting with Lavrov, the two sides will try to come to an agreement over military cooperation and information sharing in a bid to defeat Islamic State militants in Syria.

Russia's foreign ministry expressed deep concern about the Turkish border operation, especially Turkey's targeting of Kurdish militia fighters. It said that Turkey, by targeting both Islamic State militants and Syrian Kurds, could further inflame the Syrian civil war, leading to "flare-ups of inter-ethnic tensions between Kurds and Arabs."

Middle East analyst Theodore Karasik tells VOA that Turkey's military offensive on Syrian territory risks further complicating the war, influencing the shifting alliances among various militia factions that have made it difficult for any one side to dominate the conflict. He says Turkey risks escalating the conflict, however Secretary Kerry's meetings with Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Jubeir in Jeddah Thursday and with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Geneva Friday appear designed to "coordinate as best possible what comes next."

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