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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


1994 South Africa Special Weapons News



  • U.S., SOUTH AFRICA SIGN MISSILE NON-PROLIFERATION PACT STATE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 4 October 1994
  • SOUTH AFRICA'S OTHER DEADLY LEGACY (New York Times 12 May 1994 editorial)
  • Nuclear verification in South Africa IAEA Bulletin Volume 37, Number 1
  • South Africa and the Affordable Bomb By David Albright Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists - January 1994 - "In mid-1977, the AEB produced a gun-type device-without an HEU core.... In 1978, the AEB built a second, smaller device.... This second device was still not loaded with fissile material. The Y-Plant had produced its first HEU, but it was not until the second half of 1979 that the plant would produce enough for a device, about 55 kilograms of material.... According to the IAEA, this device was kept for demonstration purposes throughout the program and was never converted into a deliverable weapon.... Armscor considered the AEB's November 1979 device to be an "unqualified" design ... The AEB device was transferred to Circle and placed in a special vault.... Armscor manufactured its first device in April 1982, which it considered a "pre-qualification" model." ... In 1979, a U.S. Vela satellite detected a flash of light in the south Atlantic.... Commodore Dieter Gerhardt, a convicted Soviet spy ... was at the time the commander of the Simonstown naval base near Cape Town.... In February 1994, he told Des Blow of the Johannesburg City Press that the flash was produced by an Israeli­South African test code-named "Operation Phenix.""



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