Putin approves Nuclear Deterrence Policy Framework
In accordance with the decree, Russia considers nuclear weapons exclusively as a means of deterrence.
MOSCOW, June 2. / TASS /. Russian President Vladimir Putin approved the Fundamentals of State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Field of Nuclear Deterrence. The document signed on Tuesday replaces a similar one, adopted 10 years ago and valid until 2020. The new regulatory act, unlike the previous one, was published; on Tuesday it was posted on the official Internet portal of legal information . The new foundations confirm that government policy on nuclear deterrence is defensive in nature.
Restrain the aggressor
"The state policy in the field of nuclear deterrence is defensive in nature, aimed at maintaining the potential of nuclear forces at a level sufficient to ensure nuclear deterrence, and guarantees the protection of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state, deterrence of a potential adversary from aggression against the Russian Federation and (or) its allies, and in the event of a military conflict - to prevent the escalation of hostilities and their cessation on conditions acceptable to the Russian Federation and (or) its allies, "the document emphasizes. It is supposed to restrain aggression "by the totality of the military power of the Russian Federation, including nuclear weapons."
At the same time, Moscow "considers nuclear weapons exclusively as a means of deterrence, the use of which is an extreme and compelled measure, and is making all necessary efforts to reduce the nuclear threat and prevent aggravation of interstate relations that could provoke military conflicts, including nuclear ones."
The inevitability of retaliation
"Nuclear deterrence is aimed at ensuring that the potential adversary understands the inevitability of retaliation in the event of aggression against the Russian Federation and (or) its allies," the document warns. Moreover, the Russian military is capable and ready with the help of nuclear weapons "guaranteed to cause unacceptable damage to a potential enemy in any situation."
The basics specify that "the Russian Federation exercises nuclear deterrence in relation to individual states and military coalitions (blocs, unions) that consider the Russian Federation as a potential adversary and possess nuclear weapons and (or) other types of weapons of mass destruction or significant combat potential of general forces destination. "
Among the dangers that could escalate into military threats for Russia are, for example, the potential adversary's buildup in the territories adjacent to the Russian Federation and in the adjacent sea areas of the general forces, which include nuclear delivery vehicles; deployment by states that consider the Russian Federation as a potential adversary, missile defense systems and means, medium and shorter range cruise and ballistic missiles, high-precision non-nuclear and hypersonic weapons, unmanned aerial vehicles, and directed energy weapons. Threats also include the creation and deployment in space of missile defense and strike systems; the presence of nuclear weapons and other types of weapons of mass destruction among states that can be used against the Russian Federation; uncontrolled proliferation of nuclear weapons, their delivery vehicles, technologies and equipment for their manufacture; deployment of nuclear weapons and their delivery vehicles in the territories of non-nuclear states.
In carrying out nuclear deterrence, Moscow "takes into account the deployment of offensive means by potential adversaries in the territories of other states." These are, in particular, cruise and ballistic missiles, hypersonic flying vehicles, strike unmanned aerial vehicles, directional energy weapons, and missile defense systems that can be used against the Russian Federation and its allies.
One of the main principles of nuclear deterrence is compliance with international arms control obligations.
The document notes that Russia carries out nuclear deterrence "continuously in peacetime, during the immediate threat of aggression and in wartime, until the start of the use of nuclear weapons." And it reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction against it and its allies, as well as in the case of aggression against the Russian Federation using conventional weapons, when the very existence of the state is threatened.
The decision to use nuclear weapons is made by the president of the country. The head of the Russian state may, if necessary, inform the military-political leadership of other states or international organizations about the readiness of the Russian Federation to use nuclear weapons or about the decision to use nuclear weapons, as well as the fact of their use.
The basis of state policy lists four conditions that determine the possibility of the use of the Russian Federation of nuclear weapons. This is "the receipt of reliable information about the launch of ballistic missiles attacking the territory of the Russian Federation and (or) its allies; the enemy's use of nuclear weapons or other types of weapons of mass destruction across the territories of the Russian Federation and (or) its allies; the enemy's impact on critical state or "military installations of the Russian Federation, the failure of which will lead to the disruption of retaliatory actions of nuclear forces; aggression against the Russian Federation with the use of conventional weapons, when the very existence of the state is jeopardized."
The Ministry of Defense is entrusted with the direct planning and implementation of organizational and military measures in the field of nuclear deterrence. And nuclear deterrence forces include ground, sea, and air-based nuclear forces.
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