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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Scope Note

The entire GulfLINK corpus provides a unique resource of the intelligence community material covering special weapons. However, focus on Gulf War Syndrome, and the overwhelming mass of material obscures much of the material of more general interest. We have used the following criteria in determining the selection of documents included in this partial mirror of GulfLINK.

Included Materials

  • Documents which discuss in some detail Iraqi special weapons capabilities
  • All documents which were hosted at GulfLINK and subsequently removed, including those that were subsquently restored

Excluded materials

The following criteria were considered in excluding materials from this mirror:

  • Documents where redaction has resulted in a fragmented jumble of words, or entirely removed indications of provenance or chronology.
  • Documents related to routine preparations for use of CW, such as construction of decontamination trenches
  • Documents which provide only cursory mention of special weapons, such as a brief notation that a particular facility has been damaged
  • Documents which cover capabilities for shorter range delivery of CBW agents, including artillery and FROG missiles

About GulfLINK

GulfLINK is the official World-Wide Web Information Service from the Persian Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Senior Level Oversight Panel Investigative Team in cooperation with the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). The information provided in GulfLINK is publicly released information. The purpose of GulfLINK is to provide the public with recently-declassified documents that may have potential relevance to the illnesses affecting Persian Gulf War Veterans.

Readers will eventually find the complete spectrum of operational traffic such as directives, plans, status reports, daily mission reports, logistics, intelligence, personnel, and on-going operations summaries in GulfLINK. GulfLINK currently contains a subset of these documents and will be updated frequently as more information is available.

Quality of the Records Collection

Most of the operational documents appearing on GulfLINK were scanned from paper copies. Where available, we have scanned the original copy. Some of those originals are torn, faded, or printed on semi-transparent paper that produces a poor quality image when scanned. In other cases only a photocopy, sometimes of poor quality, was available for scanning. In all cases DOD have reproduced the best copy readily available. Due to the use of image enhancement hardware and software most images are actually of better quality and are more readable than the original papers from which they were scanned.

DOD sent good quality typeset documents through an optical character recognition (OCR) process to create a searchable text file. The resultant text files allow researchers to search or edit the text. While some lesser quality OCR texts may appear to be gibberish, the "fuzzy logic" employed by many search engines will still identify useful words or character strings within the document. Veterans and researchers can then select the image to view the document in its original format.

GulfLINK Database Description

Readers will eventually find the complete spectrum of operational traffic such as directives, plans, status reports, daily mission reports, logistics, intelligence, personnel, and on-going operations summaries in GulfLINK.

As of 18 January 1996, GulfLINK contained over 10,000 pages of recently-declassified intelligence documents with potential relevance to the possible sources of Gulf War illnesses. In the future, GulfLINK will also contain documents from the medical and operational communities within the Department of Defense (DoD) as these documents become available. Please see the description below for more information about the intelligence collection.

By the authority of, and in accordance with the direction provided by, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Department of Defense has searched for, identified, and reviewed its intelligence records for declassification and public release using the following guidelines:

Intelligence related to possible causes of Persian Gulf Veterans' illnesses is defined as that information acquired by the United States intelligence agencies which may report on the storage, deployment, or use of chemical, biological, or radiological weapons during the Desert Shield and Desert Storm operations. Additionally, this information will include, but is not limited to, any reports relating to outbreaks of disease, epidemics, or other widespread illnesses, that may have resulted from infection or environmental causes (oil well fires, toxic waste, flora, fauna, etc.), among the military forces or civilian population during the two cited operations.

The records provided in these files are named according to the following convention:

  • 0 prefix on file names = Briefing papers, notes, memoranda created by offices that research this geographic area.
  • 1-6 prefix on file names = Intelligence information reports, not finally evaluated intelligence. Reports from all types of sources which have not been assessed for reliability or veracity.
  • 7-9 prefix = Intelligence publications, requests for information, and other miscellaneous reporting.
  • #TR###... documents = Translated, captured Iraqi documents. These records are presented in their original (translated) form as unevaluated information. The classification markings are Iraqi not U.S. or Allied. (NOTE: These documents are in many cases of marginal interest to the question of illnesses. They do indicate the Iraqi military's readiness and training for defensive chemical or biological warfare. They are presented in this collection to provide, as complete as possible, the intelligence records of the Department of Defense.)

(Note: Enclosures to any of the documents above will have the same file name as the reference document but will include an "E" in the suffix.)

The Persian Gulf War Intelligence Documents

The intelligence documents provided here consist of both raw information reports and finished intelligence products. It is the nature of raw information that it is sometimes contradictory or proved incorrect by later information or events. The same may hold true of finished intelligence, although the all-source composition of finished intelligence and the analytical process it has undergone make this less likely.

The intelligence documents provided here were declassified to the extent possible in keeping with current national security considerations while providing the maximum possible health-related information. Classified information not related to health issues was generally not declassified in order to continue the protection of intelligence sources and methods, possible future US military operations, intelligence-sharing agreements with allies, US intelligence and technical advantages, and US foreign relations.

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