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IIR 2 764 0053 92/IRAQI CHEMICAL EMPLOYMENT DOCTRINE (U).
Filename:27640053.92r
PATHFINDER RECORD NUMBER: 5343
GENDATE:         950504
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TEXT:            
ENVELOPE CDSN = LGX686 MCN = 91277/07014 TOR = 912770448
PTTSZYUW RUEKJCS0177 2770448-    --RUEALGX.
ZNY 
HEADER P 040448Z OCT 91
FM JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
INFO RUEADWD/OCSA WASHINGTON DC
RUENAAA/CNO WASHINGTON DC
RUEACMC/CMC WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEALGX/SAFE
P 031915Z OCT 91
FM CDRUSAOPSGP FT GEORGE G MEADE MD //IAGPC-CM//
TO AIG 9135
RUEHRH/USDAO RIYADH SA
RUEHC/STATE DEPT WASHDC //INR-IC-CD//
RUFLMMA/CDR 730TH MI BN MUNICH GE
BT
CONTROLS
QQQQ
SECTION 01 OF 02
SERIAL: (U) IIR 2 764 0053 92.
/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/
BODY -
PASS: (U) NSACSS FOR ZKZK PP DXD RRK DE FOR INFO.
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COUNTRY: (U) IRAQ (IZ); KUWAIT (KU).
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SUBJ: IIR 2 764 0053 92/IRAQI CHEMICAL EMPLOYMENT DOCTRINE (U).
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WARNING: (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE. REPORT CLASSIFIED 
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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
---------------------
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DOI: (U) 910600.
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REQS: (U) C-SW9-1620-12-90; T-8C2-1100-62-90; S-AII-00441;
S-UDX-91128; D-DC4-44121.
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SOURCE: [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ][   (b)(7)(D)   ]
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SUMMARY:            IRAQI PRESIDENT SADDAM ((HUSAYN)) RETAINS THE
FINAL AUTHORITY FOR MISSION APPROVAL AND EXECUTION OF CHEMICAL
WEAPONS. THIS DECISION IS THEN PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE MINISTER OF
DEFENSE, THE CHIEF OF STAFF FOR THE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS, IRAQI
ARMY THEN TO THE IRAQI ARMY CHEMICAL CORPS COMMANDER.
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TEXT: 1.            IRAQI PRESIDENT SADDAM ((HUSAYN)) RETAINS
THE FINAL AUTHORITY TO RELEASE AND EMPLOY CHEMICAL WEAPONS. THIS
AUTHORITY IS PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE OPERATIONAL CHAIN OF COMMAND
FROM PRESIDENT HUSAYN THROUGH THE MINISTER OF DEFENSE AND THE 
CHIEF
OF STAFF, IRAQI ARMY GENERAL HEADQUARTERS, TO THE IRAQI ARMY
CHEMICAL CORPS COMMANDER.
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2.            CHEMICAL WEAPONS ARE NOT FORWARD DEPLOYED WITH
THE FIELD UNITS. DURING OPERATION DESERT STORM, THERE WERE NO
CHEMICAL WEAPONS FORWARD DEPLOYED IN KU. THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS
REMAINED UNDER CENTRALIZED CONTROL AT ONE OF THE TWO PRIMARY
STORAGE FACILITIES IN SAMARRA //3412N/4352E//, IZ AND AT TAJI
//3328N/4415E//, IZ. ONCE PRESIDENT HUSAYN ORDERS THE RELEASE OF
CHEMICAL WEAPONS, IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE IRAQI ARMY
CHEMICAL CORPS TO TRANSPORT AND EMPLOY THE WEAPONS AGAINST THE
ENEMY.
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3.            THERE ARE TEN COMPANY SIZE UNITS DIRECTLY
SUBORDINATE TO THE IRAQI ARMY CHEMICAL CORPS IN BAGHDAD, IZ. THESE
UNITS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR TRANSPORTING AND ACTUALLY EMPLOYING THE
MUNITIONS AGAINST THE ENEMY. THERE WAS A SHORTAGE OF PERSONNEL
TRAINED IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS DURING OPERATION
DESERT STORM. THE USUAL METHOD OF EMPLOYMENT FOR THE IRAQI ARMY IS
BY ARTILLERY AND MORTAR SHELL. REGULAR ARTILLERYMEN ARE NOT
AUTHORIZED TO FIRE CHEMICAL MUNITIONS.
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4.            THE COMMANDER OF THE IRAQI ARMY CHEMICAL CORPS
IS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS BRANCH (CWB), A
SUBORDINATE DEPARTMENT UNDER THE OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT CHIEF OF
STAFF FOR TRAINING, IRAQI ARMY GENERAL HEADQUARTERS (GHQ). THE
CURRENT CORPS COMMANDER IS STAFF BRIGADIER MUSTAFA KAMAL
(('ABD-AL-JABIR)) WHO HAS HELD THE POSITION SINCE 1989. BRIGADIER
'ABD-AL-JABIR GRADUATED FROM THE IRAQI MILITARY STAFF COLLEGE IN
1970 AND RECEIVED HIS CHEMICAL WEAPONS TRAINING IN THE UR.
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5.            THE CWB IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE (CW) DOCTRINE AND DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING
AND DOCTRINE FOR CW DEFENSE. IRAQI MILITARY DOCTRINE CONSIDERS
CHEMICAL WEAPONS AS A WEAPON OF LAST RESORT. THE MILITARY
COMMANDER IN THE FIELD MAY RECOMMEND EMPLOYMENT OF CHEMICAL
WEAPONS; HOWEVER, THE DECISION TO ACTUALLY EMPLOY THE CHEMICAL
WEAPONS IS BY PRESIDENT HUSAYN. (SOURCE COMMENT--ONE REASON THAT
IZ DID NOT USE CHEMICAL WEAPONS DURING DESERT STORM AGAINST THE
COALITION FORCES, WAS THE FEAR OF NUCLEAR RETALIATION.)
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COMMENTS: 1. (U) CITE USAOG IIR 2 764 0055 91/DESERT
SHIELD--IRAN/IRAQ CHEMICAL WEAPON UTILIZATION DURING THEIR WAR AND
USAOG IIR 2 764 0078 91/DESERT SHIELD--IRAQI COMMAND AND CONTROL
SEQUENCE FOR A CHEMICAL MUNITIONS ATTACK, FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION ON HOW CHEMICAL WEAPONS ARE EMPLOYED AND THE COMMAND
AND CONTROL OVER CHEMICAL WEAPONS EMPLOYMENT.
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2. (U) THIS IIR RESPONDS TO REQUIREMENTS IN DIA/DAT-6 301330
SEP 91 MSG, SUBJ: COLLECTION GUIDANCE.
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IPSP: (U) PT 1620; PG 1100; PG 1100; PT 1620//.
COMSOBJ: (U) 141; 111; 114; 144//.
ADMIN PROJ: (U) 212164.
INSTR: (U) US NO.
PREP: (U) 2-10639.
ACQ: (U) FT MEADE, MD (910930).
DISSEM: (U) NONE FIELD: NONE SENT TO: NONE.
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WARNING: REPORT CLASSIFIED 
 



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