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IIR 2 762 0059 92/IRANIAN ANALYSIS OF IRAQI CHEMICAL
Filename:27620059.92r
PATHFINDER RECORD NUMBER: 4363
GENDATE:         950504
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TEXT:            
ENVELOPE CDSN = LGX305 MCN = 91292/22216 TOR = 912922209
PTTSZYUW RUEKJCS0799 2922209-    --RUEALGX.
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HEADER P 192209Z OCT 91
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SERIAL: (U) IIR 2 762 0059 92.
BODY -
PASS: (U) NSACSS FOR ZKZK PP DXD RRK DE FOR INFO.
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COUNTRY: (U) IRAQ (IZ); IRAN (IR).
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SUBJ: IIR 2 762 0059 92/IRANIAN ANALYSIS OF IRAQI CHEMICAL
ORDNANCE USED DURING IRAN/IRAQ WAR (U).
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WARNING: (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE. REPORT CLASSIFIED 
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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
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DOI: (U) 910900.
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REQS: (U) C-SW9-1620-12-90; D-T5A-1620-01-90; M-5AX-1620-02-90.
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SOURCE: [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ][   (b)(7)(D)   ]
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SUMMARY:            THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT IS ANALYZING AND
ATTEMPTING TO DESTROY VARIOUS CHEMICAL AGENTS USED BY IRAQ DURING
THE IRAN/IRAQ WAR. SOME OF THESE CHEMICAL AGENTS ARE PROVING
RESISTANT TO CONVENTIONAL NEUTRALIZATION TECHNIQUES AND SEEM TO BE
EXTREMELY PERSISTENT.
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TEXT: 1.            SINCE THE CEASE-FIRE OF THE IR/IZ WAR IN
AUGUST 1988, IRANIAN CHEMICAL AND ORDNANCE EXPERTS HAVE BEEN
ATTEMPTING TO REMOVE OR DESTROY APPROXIMATELY 100 IRAQI ROUNDS OF
UNEXPLODED CHEMICAL ORDNANCE WHICH WERE EMPLOYED AGAINST IR. THESE
UNEXPLODED MUNITIONS WERE DEPLOYED BY VARIOUS DELIVERY MEANS
INCLUDING AIRCRAFT, ROCKETS AND ARTILLERY.
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2.            THE IRANIAN EXPERTS DISASSEMBLED SOME OF THE
MUNITIONS TO REMOVE SAMPLES OF THE CHEMICAL AGENTS FOR ANALYSIS.
THE TYPES OF AGENTS VARIED WIDELY AMONG THE MUNITIONS, AND 
INCLUDED
THE FOLLOWING--TABUN; SARIN; SOMAN; YELLOW RAIN; PH3; MICROTOXINS;
CYRIERESIL PHOSPHATE; CHLORORPERIMA; MUSTARD GAS; CYANIDE;
PHOSPHOROUS; AND A SUBSTANCE REFERRED TO AS EMPIRATE (NFI). (FIELD
COMMENT--SOURCE HAS NO SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND AND IS UNFAMILIAR 
WITH
CHEMICAL TERMS.) IRANIAN TECHNICIANS FOUND THAT SOME OF THE
CHEMICAL ORDNANCE CONTAINED A MIXTURE OF THE ABOVE LISTED CHEMICAL
AGENTS (NFI). IRANIAN CHEMICAL EXPERTS, KNOWING THAT MANY CHEMICAL
AGENTS BECOME NEUTRALIZED WHEN SUPER-HEATED TO TEMPERATURES OF
1,200 DEGREES CENTIGRADE, ATTEMPTED TO NEUTRALIZE SAMPLES OF THE
MIXED AGENTS BY THIS PROCESS. AFTER SUBJECTING THE MIXED AGENTS TO
SUCH HEAT, THEY DISCOVERED THE PROCESS DID NOT SUCCESSFULLY
NEUTRALIZE THE MIXED AGENTS. IRANIAN CHEMICAL EXPERTS PRESENTLY DO
NOT KNOW HOW TO SAFELY REMOVE AND DISPOSE OF THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS
WITH THE MIXED AGENTS (NFI). THE IRANIAN CHEMICAL EXPERTS HAVE
NOTED THAT IN SOME LOCATIONS, CONTAMINATED GROUND REMAINED HIGHLY
TOXIC AFTER EXPOSURE TO THE ELEMENTS FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME. IN
THE SOUTHWESTERN PROVINCE OF KHUZESTAN //3030N/5000E//, IR, ONE
YEAR AFTER THE RETURN OF VEGETATION TO PREVIOUSLY CONTAMINATED
AREAS, ANIMALS THAT GRAZED ON THE VEGETATION DIED AS A RESULT OF
INGESTING TOXIC MATERIALS (NFI). (SOURCE COMMENT--SUBSOURCE STATED
THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BELIEVES THAT IZ IS FOOLING THE US BY
LEADING THEM TO BELIEVE THAT IRAQI CHEMICAL WEAPONS DO NOT EXIST
(NFI). SOURCE COULD NOT EXPLAIN WHY THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT DID NOT
REQUEST EITHER INTERNATIONAL VERIFICATION OF THE EMPLOYMENT OF
THESE WEAPONS BY IZ AGAINST IR OR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE IN HANDLING
THE ASSOCIATED TOXIC MATERIALS.)
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COMMENTS:            THE CORRECT SPELLING OF THE CHEMICALS AND
CHEMICAL AGENTS LISTED IN THIS REPORT CANNOT BE CONFIRMED. ERROR
COULD RESULT FROM TRANSLATING THE TECHNICAL TERMS FROM FARSI TO
GERMAN OR ENGLISH.
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//IPSP: (U) PT 1620; PT 1620; PT 1620//.
//COMSOBJ: (U) 141; 141; 142//.
ADMIN PROJ: (U) 215442.
INSTR: (U) US NO.
PREP: (U) 2-10231.
ACQ: (U) FT MEADE MD (911007).
DISSEM: (U) NONE FIELD: NONE SENT TO: NONE.
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WARNING: REPORT CLASSIFIED
 



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