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110296_cia_93671_72545_19.txt
SUBJECT: SUMMARY OF IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE ACTIVITY
NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
     SEP 90
TEXT:
ITEM/012/SAMARRA CW RSCH PROD A STOR FAC/     
LOC/GEO:334956N0434813E/UTM:38SLC39283744
STATACT/OPR
RMK/IRAQ: CHEMICAL WARFARE SUMMARY     
     SUMMARY OF IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE (CW)
ACTIVITY     
SIGNIFICANT ACTIVITY     DURING THE PERIOD     JULY TO     
SEPTEMBER INCLUDED:     
THE PROBABLE PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND SHIPMENT OF CW AGENTS FROM
SAMARRA CW RESEARCH PRODUCTION AND STORAGE FACILITY     
     THE LOADING OF      CASES,     
IN      STAKE-BED TRUCK,
PROVIDED     EVIDENCE THAT CW AGENTS-MUNITIONS WERE
SHIPPED FROM THE PRODUCTION FACILITY PRIOR TO THE IRAQI INVASION.
CHEMICAL DECONTAMINATION SITES     AT NINE
LOCATIONS IN SOUTHERN IRAQ AND KUWAIT, INDICATING PREPARATIONS FOR
WASHDOWN-DECONTAMINATION OPERATIONS IN A CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT.
UNUSUAL ACTIVITY AT AHMED AL JABER AIRFIELD IN KUWAIT     
ACTIVITY AT IRAQI CW PRODUCTION FACILITIES:     
SAMARRA CW RESEARCH PRODUCTION AND STORAGE FACILITY     
THIS CW RESEARCH, PRODUCTION, AND STORAGE FACILITY IS 40 KM SOUTH
OF SAMARRA AND 79 KM NORTHWEST OF BAGHDAD. IT IS IRAQ'S PRIMARY
CW AGENT PRODUCTION FACILITY AND ONE OF THE LARGEST IRAQI
REAR-AREA STORAGE FACILITIES FOR CW MUNITIONS. DURING THE FINAL
OFFENSIVES IN THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR IN MAY-JUNE 1988,     
CONVOYS OF 30-40 STAKE-BED TRUCKS, ACCOMPANIED BY A     
     TANKER (DECONTAMINATION) TRUCK. THE STAKE-BED TRUCKS
WERE LOADED WITH RECTANGULAR     CASES,     
     THE CASES WERE PROBABLY REMOVED FROM THE CRUCIFORM
BUNKER AREA, AND PROBABLY CONTAINED CW MUNITIONS FOR TRANSPORT TO
AIRFIELDS AND FORWARD DEPOTS.     
ON      JULY 1990, A      PROBABLE DECONTAMINATION VEHICLE,
THREE LOADED STAKE-BED TRUCKS, AND A FORKLIFT WERE     AT THE
BUNKERED STORAGE AREA. ON     JULY, SIMILAR ACTIVITY WAS NOTED AT
THE PROBABLE CHEMICAL MUNITIONS FILLING COMPOUND AT SAMARRA     
     FOUR LOADED STAKE-BED
TRUCKS AND TWO PROBABLE DECONTAMINATION VEHICLES WERE AT THE
FILLING COMPOUND, AND A FORKLIFT WAS LOADING ONE OF THE TRUCKS
WITH CASES OF PROBABLE CW MUNITIONS. ON      AUGUST, THREE STAKE-BED
TRUCKS WERE     ENTERING THE FILLING COMPOUND.     
HANDLING OPERATIONS WERE ALSO     AT TWO AREAS WITHIN THE
FACILITY ON     SEPTEMBER. IN THE SPECIAL STORAGE AND PROBABLE
FILLING COMPOUND, VEHICLES WERE INVOLVED IN THE TRANSFER OF
PROBABLE CHEMICAL-RELATED MATERIALS IN FRONT OF TWO OF THE THREE
PROBABLE FILLING BUILDINGS. ONE STAKE-BED TRUCK, NEARLY
TWO-THIRDS FULL WITH PROBABLE CHEMICAL-RELATED CONTAINERS OR
MATERIAL, WAS POSITIONED IN FRONT OF ONE OF THE BUILDINGS. AT THE
SECOND BUILDING, ANOTHER STAKE-BED TRUCK     TO HAVE
CONTAINERS OR MATERIAL IN THE REAR OF THE OPEN BED. ONE PROBABLE
DECONTAMINATION TRUCK AND A PROBABLE FORKLIFT WERE NEAR THE
STAKE-BED TRUCK      
IN THE PROBABLE CHEMICAL WEAPONS STORAGE BUNKER AREA, ANOTHER
STAKE-BED TRUCK WAS     ALONGSIDE ONE OF THE CRUCIFORM
BUNKERS. A FORKLIFT WAS WORKING AT THE REAR OF THE TRUCK, AND
UNIDENTIFIED MATERIALS WERE NEARBY. THE CONTENTS OF THE TRUCK'S
BED COULD NOT BE DETERMINED. A PROBABLE DECONTAMINATION TRUCK WAS
ALSO AT THE ENTRANCE TO THE PROBABLE CHEMICAL WEAPONS STORAGE
BUNKER AREA.     
NO UNUSUAL ACTIVITY     AT THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTION-TEST
FACILITIES     
HABBANIYAH II POSSIBLE CW PRODUCTION FACILITY     
HABBANIYAH I POSSIBLE CW PRODUCTION FACILITY     
SALMAN PAK BCW RESEARCH PRODUCTION AND STORAGE FACILITY     
SAMARRA PHARMACEUTICAL PLANT     
HABBANIYAH III POSSIBLE CW PRODUCTION FACILITY     
AL HADRE PROBABLE CW TEST FACILITY     
CW-RELATED ACTIVITY AT IRAQI GROUND FORCES UNITS:     
BEFORE THE INVASION OF KUWAIT, IRAQI CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNITS WERE
DEPLOYED WITH MANEUVER DIVISIONS AND AT A HEADQUARTERS-LOGISTICS
AREA NORTH OF THE KUWAIT BORDER. THESE CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNITS ARE
A STANDARD COMPONENT OF IRAQI GROUND FORCES STRUCTURE. ON     
AUGUST, THESE CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNITS DEPARTED THEIR DEPLOYMENT
AREAS AND PROBABLY ACCOMPANIED MANEUVER UNITS INTO KUWAIT.     
FOLLOWING THE IRAQI OCCUPATION OF KUWAIT,     
     PREPARATIONS-TRAINING FOR OPERATIONS IN A CHEMICAL
ENVIRONMENT WAS      AT NINE LOCATIONS IN SOUTHERN IRAQ AND
KUWAIT.     VEHICLE
WASHDOWN-DECONTAMINATION SITE CONSISTING OF A SERIES OF V-SHAPED
LIQUID RUN-OFF TRENCHED. EACH TRENCH CONSISTS OF A SERIES OF
CONNECTED, RECTANGULAR CATCH BASINS ORIGINATING FROM THE
DECONTAMINATION VEHICLE AT THE APEX OF THE `V'. THE PRESENCE OF
THE WASHDOWN-DECONTAMINATION SITES, LOCATED IN BOTH ARMORED AND
INFANTRY DIVISION DEPLOYMENT AREAS     
     HOWEVER,
THE SITES DO NOT INDICATE AN IMMINENT INTENT TO EMPLOY CHEMICAL
WEAPONS. DURING THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR, WASHDOWN-DECONTAMINATION SITES
WERE     AT THE BATTLE FRONT AS WELL AS IN REAR GARRISON-TRAINING
AREAS.
VEHICLE WASHDOWN-DECONTAMINATION SITES HAVE BEEN OBSERVED
IN SOUTHERN IRAQ AND IN KUWAIT AT THE FOLLOWING LOCATIONS: (S-WN)
IRAQ -
50 KM NORTH OF AL BASRAH -- 30-54N 047-29E
25 KM NORTHWEST OF AL BASRAH -- 30-46N 047-33E
IMMEDIATELY SOUTH OF SAFWAN AIRFIELD -- 30-07N 047-39E
10 KM EAST OF SAFWAN AIRFIELD -- 30-08N 047-45E
9 KM SOUTHWEST OF AZ ZUBAYR -- 30-20N 047-36E
16 KM SOUTHWEST OF AL MUFRASH AIRFIELD -- 30-09N 047-20E
9 KM NORTHWEST OF UMM QASR -- 30-05N 047-54E
24 KM WEST OR AR RUMAYLAH AIRFIELD -- 30-34N 047-10E
KUWAIT
NEAR RAS AL QULAYAH -- 28-52N 048-11E
SUSPECT CW-RELATED ACTIVITY AT IRAQI AIRFIELDS:    
     NOT PROVIDED CONVINCING EVIDENCE OF IMPENDING CHEMICAL
USE BY THE IRAQI AIR FORCE DURING THE KUWAITI OPERATION.     
TALLIL AIRFIELD     
THIS MAJOR FIGHTER BASE IS 170 KM WEST-NORTHWEST OF AL BASRAH AND
320 KM SOUTH-SOUTHEAST OF BAGHDAD, AND SUPPORTS IRAQI FORCES IN
THE KUWAITI THEATER OF OPERATIONS. ON     AUGUST, 25 CANISTERS WERE
     IN OPEN STORAGE AT THE AIRFIELD'S SEPARATELY-SECURED
S-SHAPED SUSPECT CW MUNITIONS BUNKER, AND TWO SIMILAR OBJECTS WERE
     NEAR SU-20-22 (FITTER) STRIKE AIRCRAFT WHICH WERE BEING
UPLOADED WITH MUNITIONS. ALTHOUGH THIS ACTIVITY WAS VERY UNUSUAL,
     LOADED STAKE-BED TRUCKS OR DECONTAMINATION
VEHICLES WERE NOT PRESENT. IT CANNOT BE CONFIRMED THAT THE
OBJECTS NEAR THE AIRCRAFT OR THE SUSPECT CW BUNKER WERE CHEMICAL
RELATED.     
UBAYDAH BIN AL JARRAH AIRFIELD     
THIS AIRFIELD IS APPROXIMATELY 7 KM SOUTHWEST OF KUT AL AMARAH AND
150 KM SOUTHEAST OF BAGHDAD ON THE SOUTH BANK OF THE TIGRIS RIVER.
     HOUSES THE      INTERCEPT SQUADRON EQUIPPED WITH
THE AM-39 EXOCET-ASM-CAPABLE MIRAGE F.1, A SECOND MIRAGE F.1
SQUADRON, AND ONE MIG-21 (FISHBED) FIGHTER SQUADRON. ON     AUGUST,
A STAKE-BED TRUCK AND A POSSIBLE DECONTAMINATION VEHICLE WERE
     AT AN S-SHAPED SUSPECT CW MUNITIONS BUNKER AT THE
AIRFIELD. THIS ACTIVITY WAS VERY UNUSUAL AND MAY HAVE INDICATED
MOVEMENT OF CW MUNITIONS; HOWEVER, THE STAKE-BED TRUCK WAS EMPTY,
NO FORKLIFT WAS PRESENT, AND THE POSSIBLE DECONTAMINATION VEHICLE
     ON      AUGUST, A STAKE-BED TRUCK LOADED WITH CRATES
WAS NEAR A CUB TRANSPORT, WITH A TRUCK-MOUNTED CRANE, A FORKLIFT,
AND A PROBABLE FUEL TRUCK. HOWEVER, A DECONTAMINATION VEHICLE WAS
NOT     NEAR THE CUB TRANSPORT, AND THE FORKLIFT     
CARRY A CRATE HORIZONTALLY, RATHER THAN VERTICALLY AS THE STACKS
OF CASES ARE LOADED ON VEHICLES AT SAMARRA.     
AHMED AL JABER AIR BASE, KUWAIT     
THIS AIRFIELD IS IN SOUTHERN KUWAIT, APPROXIMATELY 55 KM SOUTHWEST
OF KUWAIT CITY AND 18 KM NORTH OF THE KUWAIT-SAUDI ARABIA BORDER.
     ON     AUGUST, IL-76 CANDID TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT BEGAN
ARRIVING AT AHMED AL JABER TO DELIVER UNIDENTIFIED CARGO. BY     
AUGUST, THREE CANDID TRANSPORTS, THE MOST     HERE SINCE THE
INVASION, WERE PARKED ON THE MAIN APRON WHERE THEIR CARGO WAS
BEING UNLOADED. DURING THIS ACTIVITY THE DOORS TO AT LEAST TEN
HABS WERE OPEN.     
     SEPTEMBER, FOLLOWING DELIVERIES TO AHMED AL JABER BY THE
CANDID TRANSPORTS, THE MAIN RUNWAY WAS BLOCKED, AND SUBSEQUENTLY
THE SECONDARY RUNWAY WAS ALSO BLOCKED.     SEPTEMBER
REVEALED THAT 155-MM GHN-45 HOWITZERS WERE BEING EMPLACED NEAR A
SET OF SEPARATELY-SECURED HABS, AND     SEPTEMBER REVETMENTS FOR
THE GUNS HAD BEEN CONSTRUCTED IMMEDIATELY ADJACENT TO THE HABS. A
TOTAL OF 19 GUNS IN REVETTED FIRING POSITIONS WERE PRESENT     
SEPTEMBER.     SEPTEMBER, SEVEN OF THE GUNS WERE REMOVED AND 12
REMAINED DEPLOYED NEXT TO 11 HABS.     SEPTEMBER, 14 ADDITIONAL
155-MM GHN-45 GUN HOWITZERS HAD ARRIVED AND WERE EMPLACED NEAR THE
HABS. FOUR ADDITIONAL GUNS ARRIVED     SEPTEMBER BRINGING THE
TOTAL NUMBER OF GUN HOWITZERS AT THE AIRFIELD TO THIRTY     
SUSPECT CW-RELATED ACTIVITY AT IRAQI SRBM FACILITIES:     
     NOT PROVIDED CONVINCING EVIDENCE OF CW MUNITIONS USE
WITH IRAQ'S MISSILE FORCES DURING THE KUWAITI OPERATION.     
QUBAYSAH STORAGE FACILITY     
THIS STORAGE FACILITY IS 29 KM SOUTHWEST OF AL MUHAMMADI AIRFIELD
     AUGUST 1990, A DDA-66 DECONTAMINATION
VEHICLE AND A DDP TOWED DECONTAMINATION TRAILER WERE     AT
THE FACILITY, WHICH SUPPORTS THE IRAQI SCUD-MODIFIED SCUD MISSILE
DEPLOYMENTS IN WESTERN IRAQ. THE PRESENCE OF DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT WOULD BE EXPECTED IF CHEMICAL WARHEADS WERE PRESENT.
HOWEVER, IT IS PROBABLY STANDARD OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE TO HAVE
DECONTAMINATION VEHICLES PRESENT DURING THE HANDLING OF
PROPELLANTS, FUELS, AND OTHER FLAMMABLE-TOXIC CHEMICALS ASSOCIATED
WITH IRAQ'S SRBM SYSTEMS.     
END OF MESSAGE
1.5 (C)
93671-72545

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