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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

071596_cia_75681_75681_01.txt
Subject: IRAQI CBW STOCKPILE
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
MEMORANDUM
SUBJECT:  IRAQI CBW STOCKPILE
CHEMICAL
WE ESTIMATE THAT IRAQ HAD          CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE CURRENT CONFLICT. MOST, IF NOT ALL, OF THIS AMOUNT PROBABLY
REMAINS, DESPITE DAMAGE TO POSSIBLE CW BUNKERS. THE STOCKPILE PROBABLY IS FAIRLY
EVENLY DIVIDED BETWEEN BLISTER AND NERVE AGENTS. THE MOST LIKELY AGENTS ARE THE 
BLISTER AGENT SULFUR MUSTARD AND THE NERVE AGENTS SARIN AND GF. WE ASSESS THAT 
MOST OF THE SARIN AND GF ARE WEAPONIZED IN BINARY FORM AND
DO NOT SUFFER FROM THE LIMITED SHELF-LIFE PROBLEM PREVALENT DURING THE IRAN-IRAQ 
WAR. IRAQ PROBABLY ALSO HAS SMALL QUANTITIES OF THE ADVANCED NERVE AGENT VX, AND 
MAY LEAVE LIMITED AMOUNTS OF OTHER AGENTS IN ITS STOCKPILE.
IRAQ MOST LIKELY HAS WEAPONIZED THESE AGENTS IN AERIAL BOMBS, MORTAR ROUNDS,
ARTILLERY SHELLS AND ROCKETS, AND MISSILE WARHEADS.
WE BELIEVE THAT BOMBS AND ARTILLERY MAKE UP THE BULK OF IRAQ'S CHEMICAL ARSENAL. TO;
GIVE AN IDEA OF THE QUANTITIES OF MUNITIONS AVAILABLE, ONE TON OF AGENT WOULD BE 
ENOUGH TO FILL ROUGHLY TEN 500-KG BOMBS, 150 122-MM ARTILLERY ROCKETS, OR
350 152-MM ARTILLERY SHELLS.
BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS
THESE AGENTS HAVE BEEN PLACED          THE STOCKPILE OF
BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS CONSIST OF          DRIED ANTHRAX SPORES AND
BOTULINUM TOXIN. AGENT WAS PRESENT AT THE BEGINNING OF THE
CONFLICT, AND MOST OF IT PROBABLY REMAINS IN TACT. WE ASSESS THAT THE LARGE MAJORITY
OF IRAQ'S BW AGENTS ARE IN WEAPONS SUCH AS AERIAL BOMBS AND ARTILLERY, AND POSSIBLY
MISSILE WARHEADS. A SMALL QUANTITY OF AGENT WOULD LIKELY REMAIN IN BULK FOR
DISSEMINATION FROM SPRAY DEVICES.
 75681-75681
1.5(C)
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