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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

071496_cia_65607_65293_01.txt
Subject: HOW THE IRAQIS USED CW
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
WARNING: INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.
DIST:          FEBRUARY 1991
COUNTRY: IRAQ
SUBJ: DETAILS ON HOW THE IRAQIS USE CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN COMBAT
ALL TYPES OF ARTILLERY IN THE IRAQI ARMY, INCLUDING
MORTARS AND ROCKET LAUNCHERS, HAVE CHEMICAL WARFARE (CW) AMMUNITION.
AIRCRAFT HAVE CW BOMBS AS WELL. CW AMMUNITION IS KNOWN TO HAVE BEEN
FIRED FROM THE FOLLOWING PIECES:
122MM D-20;
130MM M-46;
130MM 1-59;
GRAD L-40;
AND 120MM MORTARS, OF BOTH FOREIGN AND LOCAL
MANUFACTURE.
THE DECISION TO USE
CW IS TAKEN ONLY BY THE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS IN BAGHDAD.
THERE ARE NO OBVIOUS MARKINGS TO DIFFERENTIATE CW
AMMUNITION FROM THE CONVENTIONAL SORT.
CW AMMUNITION (122MM GRAD) WAS FIRED IN 1987
THE SOLDIERS WHO LOADED THE
ROCKETS -- TWO HOLDING IT TO THEIR CHESTS AND ONE PUSHING -- GOT
WATER BLISTERS ON THE HANDS. THEIR SKIN SWELLED AND TURNED BLACK IN
PLACES.
ALL UNITS IN THE IRAQI ARMY ARE ABLE TO FIRE IDENTICAL CW
AMMUNITION.
THE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
DECIDES WHEN TO USE CW, ISSUING AN ORDER TO THE CORPS COMMANDER.
WHEN THE ORDER IS RECEIVED, THE CORPS COMMANDER RELAYS INSTRUCTIONS
TO THE INTERESTED PARTIES: THE ARTILLERY HEADQUARTERS OF THE VARIOUS
CORPS, AND THE CW HEADQUARTERS.
THE
CW HEADQUARTERS IS RESPONSIBLE FOR EVERYTHING INVOLVING THE
PROTECTION OF THE FIRING FORCE, IN THE EVENT OF ACCIDENTS. CW PEOPLE
ARE PRESENT IN THE BATTALION DURING FIRING.
END OF MESSAGE
1.5(C)
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