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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

062596_cia_68357_68357_01.txt
Subject: REVIEW OF NESA FILES
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
21 FEBRUARY 1996
MEMORANDUM FOR:
CHIEF, GWI TASK FORCE
OFFICE OF WEAPONS, TECHNOLOGY, AND
PROLIFERATION
FROM:
NESA
SUBJECT: REVIEW OF NESA FILES FOR INFORMATION
RELATING TO "GULF WAR VETERAN'S ILLNESS"
1. AS PART OF CIA'S EFFORT TO IDENTIFY INFORMATION
THAT MAY BE RELATED TO "GULF WAR VETERAN'S ILLNESS," WE
CONDUCTED A THOROUGH REVIEW OF NESA'S PAPER FILES ON IRAQ'S
WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION (WMD) AND RAN KEY WORD SEARCHES
AGAINST CIA'S ELECTRONIC FILES. WE ALSO DISCUSSED IRAQ'S
WMD PROGRAMS, WMD CAPABILITIES, HISTORIC USE OF WMD, AND
IRAQ'S INTENTIONS DURING THE GULF WAR WITH ANALYSTS WHO
COVERED IRAQ DURING THE WAR.
2. WE FOUND NO EVIDENCE THAT IRAQI LEADERS ORDERED CW
OR BW USE DURING THE GULF WAR AND NO CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE
THAT IRAQI FORCES EMPLOYED THOSE WEAPONS.
SUBJECT:  REVIEW OF NESA FILES FOR INFORMATION
RELATING TO "GULF WAR VETERAN'S ILLNESS"
3. CIA'S MAY 1993 REPORT STATED THAT "IRAQI
PREPARATIONS TO FIGHT IN A
CHEMICAL WARFARE ENVIRONMENT." SUCH PREPARATIONS ARE
INDICATIVE OF PRUDENT MILITARY PREPARATIONS, NOT AN INTENT
TO EMPLOY CHEMICAL WEAPONS.
4. RECENT REPORTING--
--REINFORCES OUR 1993 ASSESSMENT THAT BAGHDAD
CONSIDERED BUT ULTIMATELY REJECTED THE USE OF CW OR BW
WEAPONS:
IRAQ
HAD NUMEROUS MUNITIONS AND SOME
SCUD MISSILE WARHEADS LOADED WITH CW AND BW
AGENTS, AND THAT IRAQ PLANNED TO RETALIATE WITH CW
AND BW WEAPONS FOR A NUCLEAR ATTACK ON BAGHDAD.
SUBJECT:  REVIEW OF NESA FILES FOR INFORMATION
RELATING TO "GULF WAR VETERAN'S ILLNESS"
IRAQ
DEPLOYED SEVEN FULLY-FUELED SCUD MISSILES TO
WESTERN IRAQ--WHERE THEY COULD BE USED TO ATTACK
ISRAEL.
HUSAYN KAMIL STATED IN AUGUST 1995 THAT IRAQI
OFFICIALS WERE CONVINCED THE UNITED STATES WOULD
RESPOND WITH TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS IF IRAQ USED
CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS AGAINST THE
COALITION
5. WE IDENTIFIED NO CONFIRMED GULF WAR REPORTS OF
IRAQI CW USE, CASUALTIES, OR UNEXPLODED CW ORDNANCE SIMILAR
TO THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH IRAQ'S PAST USE OF CHEMICAL
WEAPONS:
IRAQ BECAME VERSED IN CHEMICAL WARFARE DURING THE
IRAN-IRAQ WAR AND EFFECTIVELY INCORPORATED
CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN COMBINED-ARMS OPERATIONS.
CHEMICAL WEAPONS CAUSED 20 TO 30 PERCENT
OF IRANIAN CASUALTIES DURING IRAN'S FEBRUARY 1986
AL FAW CAMPAIGN.
THE SAME ASSESSMENT NOTED THAT EARLY IN THE
IRAN-IRAQ WAR IRAN RECOVERED NUMEROUS UNEXPLODED
IRAQI CHEMICAL MUNITIONS--AND USED THEM TO
PUBLICIZE IRAQ'S USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS.
6. WE HAVE NO EVIDENCE OF NONTRADITIONAL CW OR BW USE
DURING THE GULF WAR. NONETHELESS, WE FOUND SOME INFORMATION
SUBJECT:  REVIEW OF NESA FILES FOR INFORMATION
RELATING TO "GULF WAR VETERAN'S ILLNESS"
SUGGESTING IRAQ HAS RESEARCHED NONTRADITIONAL USE OF CW AND
BW AGENTS
7. FINALLY, WE CANNOT RULE OUT THE UNLIKELY
POSSIBILITY THAT IRAQI FORCES MISTAKENLY EMPLOYED ONE OR
MORE CW OR BW WEAPONS---ARTILLERY SHELLS, ROCKETS, OR
BOMBS--BY CONFUSING THEM WITH CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS.
HOWEVER, WE HAVE NO EVIDENCE OF SUCH MISTAKEN USE.
1.5(C)
68357:68357
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