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062096_cia_65657_65641_01.txt
Subject: BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
WARNING: INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.
DIST:          SEPTEMBER 1991
COUNTRY: IRAQ
SUBJ:  BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS
ASSESSMENT
ACCORDING TO THE AVAILABLE INFORMATION, THE IRAQI
BIOLOGICAL PROJECT WAS INITIATED IN THE EARLY EIGHTIES AND WAS
CONDUCTED BY SEVERAL INSTALLATIONS, INCLUDING THE AL-HAZZAN INSTITUTE
IN SALMAN PAK. APART FROM THIS FACILITY, THE PROJECT INVOLVED A
NUMBER OF ADDITIONAL INSTALLATIONS, NONE OF WHICH WERE MENTIONED BY
THE IRAQIS IN THIS CONNECTION. THE INSTALLATIONS ARE:
A. THE BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES IN THE
FRAMEWORK OF THE NUCLEAR RESEARCH CENTER IN TUWAITHA;
B. THE SINGLE-CELL (SCP) PROTEIN PRODUCTION FACILITY
IN TAJI;
C. THE CLOSTRIDIUM VACCINE PRODUCTION FACILITY IN ABU-
GHRAIB;
D. AND THE LARGE INSTALLATION RECENTLY BUILT IN
LATIFIYA.
THE INSTALLATIONS IN TAJI AND ABU GHRAIB WERE MENTIONED IN THE
DECLARATION OF 18 JULY IN A CIVILIAN CONNECTION, AND IT IS KNOWN THAT
THE FERMENTATION EQUIPMENT WHICH WAS INSTALLED IN THEM WAS ALSO
REMOVED TO THE AL-HUKM SITE.
IN THE COURSE OF THE FIRST YEARS OF THE PROJECT, THE
IRAQIS WERE PROBABLY ENGAGED IN PRELIMINARY RESEARCH AND IN THE
COURSE OF TIME THEY FORMULATED A LIST OF PRIORITY BIOLOGICAL AGENTS
FOR PRODUCTION AS BW.
FOR THIS PURPOSE, BACTERIA STRAINS WERE PURCHASED BY THE
UNIVERSITY OF BAGHDAD AND RSMID (WHO OPERATED JOINTLY AS PROCUREMENT
AGENTS FOR THE PROJECT)          THE
LIST INCLUDED THE FOLLOWINg STRAINS:
A. BACILLUS ANTHRACIS
B. CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM (TYPES A, E, F)
C. FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS
D. BRUCELLA ABORTUS
E. BRUCELLA MELITENSIS
F. CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS
BASED ON THE
AFOREMENTIONED INFORMATION AND THE ANALYSIS OF THE BIOLOGICAL
PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT, THE CULTURE BEDS AND THEIR
COMPONENTS CARRIED OUT IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE MILITARY PROJECT,
IRAQ HAS BEEN ENGAGED IN THE SERIAL PRODUCTION
AND ACCUMULATION OF OPERATIONAL ORBAT OF AT LEAST TWO LETHAL
BIOLOGICAL AGENTS: THE ANTHRAX BACTERIA
AND THE BOTULINUM TOXIN
IRAQI SPECIFIC INVOLVEMENT WITH THE
PERFRINGENS BACTERIA, WHICH IS KNOWN TO CAUSE INTESTINAL POISONING
THROUGH THE CREATION OF TOXINS. THE BACTERIA IS NOT KNOWN AS A
COMPONENT OF A CLASSICAL BW ARSENAL, BUT IT SEEMS THAT THE TOXINS IT
PRODUCES SHOULD BE REGARDED AS EFFECTIVE BW
BEYOND THE
DECLARED IRAQI PREOCCUPATION WITH ANTHRAX AND BOTULINUM,
IT IS CLEAR THAT THE
IRAQI EFFORT INCLUDED ADDITIONAL AGENTS, PROBABLY INTENDING TO
ACCUMULATE OTHER BW AGENTS -- BRUCELLA AND/OR TULAREMIA.)
IRAQ IS
DOING ITS BEST TO PRESENT THE MILITARY BIOLOGICAL PROJECT, EXPOSED
FOR THE FIRST TIME, AS A DEFENSIVE PROJECT WITH NO OFFENSIVE
PRETENSIONS
SINCE THE OUTBREAK OF THE CRISIS -- IN THE COURSE OF THE
FIGHTING AND AFTERWARDS -- THE IRAQIS DID THEIR BEST TO EVACUATE THE
BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH/PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT FROM THE SPECIAL
INSTALLATIONS, AS WELL AS THE FINISHED PRODUCT (BW AGENTS) FROM THE
STORAGE SITES.          SINCE THE CEASE-FIRE
THE PRESENCE OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT, AND POSSIBLY ALSO OF
MATERIALS IN VARIOUS CAMOUFLAGED AND HIDDEN INSTALLATIONS, SOME OF
THEM UNDERGROUND AND SOME CONCEALED INSIDE CIVILIAN INSTALLATION.)
END OF MESSAGE
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