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cia_63752_63752_01.txt
Subject: IRAQI PRODUCTION ROCKETS & GUNS
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
JAN 91
COUNTRY: IRAQ
SUBJ:          REPORT ON IRAQI PRODUCTION AND
MODIFICATION OF ROCKETS AND GUNS
DOI:   1982 - 1990
SUMMARY: THIS REPORT PROVIDES LIMITED INFORMATION ON ALLEGED
IRAQI NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS MANUFACTURERS IN THE
NORTHWESTERN AND NORTHERN PROVINCES OF IRAQ.
THE CENTER OF THE IRAQI ROCKET AND ARTILLERY
WEAPONS INDUSTRY WAS MASOUL (36-20 N, 043-08 E) AND ITS
ADJACENT AREAS. THE CENTER OF THE IRAQI NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL
RESEARCH WAS AL QAIM (34-22 N, 041-07 E) AND THE AKASHAT MINING
AREA (33-15 N, 04U-35 E), WHICH HAD AN AIRFIELD.
2. BEGINNING IN ABOUT 1983-87, IRAQ PLACED SIGNIFICANT
EFFORT ON THE MODIFICATION, DEVELOPMENT, AND PRODUCTION OF
SURFACE-TO-SURFACE ROCKETS AND GUIDED ANTITANK AND
SURFACE-TO-AIR MISSILES (SAMS). IT WAS IRAQ'S INITIAL STEP
TOWARD INDEPENDENT ARMS PRODUCTION. IRAQI ARMAMENT
SPECIALISTS, ASSISTED BY AN UNKNOWN NUMBER OF UNIDENTIFIED
SCIENTISTS AND TECHNICIANS, LABORED
TO IMPROVE THE SURFACE -TO-SURFACE AND SAM ROCKET/MISSILE RANGE
AND WARHEAD CAPABILITIES. SUPPOSEDLY THEY SUCCESSFULLY
DESIGNED WARHEADS WHICH COULD BE USED WITH NUCLEAR OR CHEMICAL
PAYLOADS TO FIT ON MODIFIED SURFACE-TO-SURFACE ROCKETS. ONE OF
THE IRAQI DESIGNED AND PRODUCED SURFACE-TO-SURFACE ROCKETS WAS
THE ANKATA-I (PHONETIC), A ROCKET SERIES WITH CONVENTIONAL
WARHEADS WHICH WAS SUCCESSFULLY DEPLOYED DURING THE IRAQ-IRAN
WAR. THE ADVANCED VERSION OF THIS ROCKET WAS RETROFITTED WITH
ADDITIONAL BOOSTERS TO INCREASE ITS RANGE TO AN EXCESS OF 700
KILOMETERS (KM), AND IT WAS ALLEGEDLY MODIFIED TO DELIVER
NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL WARHEADS.
3. IN 1989, IRAQ'S MAIN AIR DEFENSE WEAPON, THE
SOVIET-BUILT, SA-3 AND SA-6 SAMS, WERE SUPPLEMENTED WITH THE
IRAQI-BUILT, HIGH- AND MIDDLE-ALTITUDE SAM ADNAN-II
(PHONETIC). THIS MISSILE WAS A VARIANT OF THE IRAQI ADNAN-I
SPACE ROCKET, SHOWN FOR THE FIRST TIME IN A SEPTEMBER 1989
IRAQI TELEVISION DOCUMENTARY. THE GROUND FORCES WERE ALSO
EQUIPPED IN 1989 WITH THE IRAQI SHOULDER-FIRED ANTITANK GUIDED
MISSILE ABABIL (PHONETIC), WHICH COULD BE DEPLOYED AGAINST LOW
FLYING AIRCRAFT. CONCURRENTLY, IRAQ INTENSIFIED ITS PRODUCTION
OF SOVIET- AND FRENCH-DESIGNED 122 MM AND 155 MM TOWED
HOWITZERS, IN ANTICIPATION OF POSSIBLE INTERNATIONAL EXPORT
RESTRICTIONS.
4. BEGINNING IN THE EARLY 1980S, IRAQ WAS SUCCESSFUL IN
GUARANTEED AN UNLIMITED FLOW
OF NECESSARY EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF
CHEMICAL AND NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN IRAQ. CONCURRENTLY, IRAQ
RECRUITED QUALIFIED FOREIGN SPECIALISTS, WHO SET UP AND STARTED
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR/CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN IRAQ.
THE TWO KNOWN PRINCIPAL IRAQI NUCLEAR/CHEMICAL RESEARCH AND
PRODUCTION FACILITIES WERE PROJECT 395 IN THE VICINITY OF AL
QAIM AND PROJECT 86, A SUBSIDIARY OF PROJECT 395, LOCATED
APPROXIMATELY 86 KILOMETERS (KM) SOUTHWEST OF AL QAIM IN THE
AKASHAT MINING AREA BETWEEN MEHAIWAR (33-32 N, 041-05 E) AND
BIR MELOZA (COORDINATES NOT AVAILABLE). BOTH FACILITIES HAD
ACCESS TO WATER (RIVER OR CANAL) AND AIRFIELDS, AND WERE SERVED
BY HIGHPOWER LINES AND BY CROSS-COUNTRY AND PARTLY HARD SURFACE
ROADS. AS OF 1990, PROJECT 395 HAD BEEN OPERATIONAL FOR
SEVERAL YEARS WHILE PROJECT 86 WAS STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND
WAS NOT EXPECTED TO BECOME OPERATIONAL FOR AT LEAST ANOTHER
YEAR.
5. IN        1989,
PROJECT NO. 2000, LOCATED SOMEWHERE IN
TIKRIT PROVINCE, NORTH OF BAGHDAD
CIRCA FOUR 45 BY
30-METER WORKSHOPS,          TWO OF WHICH WERE CONNECTED BY
CORRIDOR.
SOME PERSONNEL          INSIDE THE WORKSHOP WORE IMPREGNATED
WORKING CLOTHES AND BREATHING MASKS, AND THERE WAS A DISTINCT
SMELL OF CHEMICALS.
END OF MESSAGE
1.5(C)
63752-63752
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