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cia_65173_65173_01.txt
Subject: UNDERGROUND FACILITIES IN IRAQ
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
JAN 91   DIRECTOR 488486
COUNTRY:  IRAQ
SUBJ:  1. UNDERGROUND FACILITIES IN IRAQ
2. SECRET FACILITY AT PHOSPHATE PROJECT AT AL QAIM
SUMMARY:          UNDERGROUND BUNKERS
ARE LOCATED BENEATH THE STEEL MILL EAST OF SAFWAN, IRAQ. AN
UNDERGROUND ARTILLERY AND CHEMICAL MUNITIONS FACILITY IS LOCATED AT
AL YARMOOK OUTSIDE BAGHDAD. A POWER GENERATING STATION IS LOCATED
SOUTH AND WEST OF NASIRIYA TO POWER AN UNDERGROUND FACILITY LOCATED
IN THE RUINS AT ZIGGURAT. A LARGE UNDERGROUND DEPOT IS LOCATED IN
THE HILLS ABOUT 16 KILOMETERS EAST OF RAMADI NEAR HABBANYA ON THE
SOUTH SIDE OF HIGHWAY 10. AN UNDERGROUND FACILITY IS LOCATED BENEATH
THE REPUBLICAN GUARD BARRACKS ON THE OLD PALACE COMPOUND IN BAGHDAD.
TEXT: 1.          UNDERGROUND
BUNKERS ARE LOCATED BENEATH THE STEEL MILL EAST OF SAFWAN, IRAQ. THE
LARGEST OF THESE BUNKERS IS LOCATED BENEATH THE BLAST FURNACE. THE
FLOOR SUPPORTING THE BLAST FURNACE IS STEEL OVER CONCRETE. A
VENTILATION SHAFT RUNS THE ENTIRE LENGTH OF THE STEEL MILL TO SUPPLY
AIR TO THIS BUNKER, AND THE BUNKER IS LARGE ENOUGH THAT IT WAS USED
AS A CAFETERIA AND RECREATION AREA FOR THE STEEL MILL EMPLOYEES WHEN
THE STEEL MILL BEGAN OPERATION. SEVERAL OTHER BUNKERS ARE LOCATED
UNDER THE STEEL MILL, AND EACH BUNKER HAS ITS OWN INDEPENDENT
VENTILATION SYSTEM.          THE STEEL MILL WAS REPEATEDLY
BOMBED DURING THE WAR WITH IRAN, AND THE UNDERGROUND FACILITY BENEATH
THE BLAST FURNACE MAY BE THE MOST SECURE LOCATION IN SOUTH IRAQ.)
THE STEEL MILL WAS ALSO A HUMAN SHIELD LOCATION FROM
EARLY SEPTEMBER TO EARLY DECEMBER 1990.)
2. AN UNDERGROUND ARTILLERY AND CHEMICAL MUNITIONS FACILITY
IS LOCATED AT AL YARMOOK OUTSIDE BAGHDAD. THE MAIN FACILITY IS
LOCATED CLOSE TO THE RUINS AT ZAKURA
A SPECIAL WATER
TREATMENT FACILITY WAS BUILT FOR THIS UNDERGROUND FACILITY.
3. UNDERGROUND BUNKERS ARE LOCATED AT THE MAIN POWER PLANT AT
NASIRIYA. ANOTHER POWER GENERATING STATION LOCATED SOUTH AND WEST OF
NASIRIYA TO POWER AN UNDERGROUND FACILITY LOCATED IN THE RUINS AT
ZIGGURAT
4. A LARGE UNDERGROUND DEPOT IS LOCATED IN THE HILLS ABOUT 16
KILOMETERS EAST OF RAMADI NEAR HABBANYA ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF HIGHWAY
10. AN OLD BRITISH AIRFIELD IS LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF HIGHWAY
10 ACROSS FROM THE LARGE UNDERGROUND DEPOT. THE ENTRANCES TO THE
DEPOT ARE DIFFICULT TO SEE FROM THE AIR SINCE THE CONCRETE STRUCTURES
OF THE ENTRANCES ONLY EXTEND A FEW FEET FROM THE HILLS, AND THE
ACCESS ROADS HAVE NEVER BEEN PAVED.
5. AN UNDERGROUND MISSILE DEPOT IS LOCATED AT THE NAVAL BASE
AT UMM QASR.
9. A SECRET PROJECT IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PHOSPHATE FACILITY
AT AL QAIM NEAR THE SYRIAN BORDER.
IN 1984, TRUCK-MOBILE MISSILES WERE
KEPT IN GUARDED BUILDINGS NEXT TO IDENTICAL PHOSPHATE PROCESSING
BUILDINGS AT THIS FACILITY.
END OF MESSAGE
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